Rainbow (South Korean band)

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레인보우(RAINBOW) 삼성나눔워킹페스티벌 공개방송 용인종합운동장.jpg
Rainbow in September 2015
Background information
Origin Seoul, South Korea
Years active 2009 (2009)–present
Associated acts DSP Friends
Website dspmedia.co.kr/rainbow

Rainbow (sometimes stylized as RAINBOW; Korean: 레인보우, Japanese: レインボー) is a South Korean girl group formed in 2009 by DSP Media. The group consists of seven-members: Jaekyung, Woori, Hyunyoung, Jisook, Noeul, Seungah, and Yoonhye. Rainbow released their debut EP Gossip Girl on November 12, 2009 and made their debut stage on MBC's Show! Music Core on November 14, 2009.


2009–10: Formation and Gossip Girl[edit]

Around January 2009, the first rumors emerged regarding the release of a new girl group from DSP Media. The group was rumored to be composed of seven females, with accompanying reports suggesting that some members had been in training with DSP Media for four years.[1][2] During late October and early November 2009, DSP Media released daily teasers in the form of pictures of Rainbow, which culminated in the release of a music video teaser for Gossip Girl on November 6, 2009.[3][4]

On November 3, 2009, Rainbow was launched as an official musical group. DSP issued a statement explaining, "The members of Rainbow were picked so that their physical appearances wouldn't be inferior to Fin.K.L".[5][unreliable source] On November 11, the music video for "Gossip Girl" was released, coinciding with the five-song EP of the same name released the following day.[6] On November 14, the group debuted on Show! Music Core, performing "Gossip Girl", which was also their first single.[7] Following the release of Gossip Girl, the group promoted "Not Your Girl", a single from the EP which was written in response to SS501's song "U R Man".

On August 12, 2010, Rainbow released the single "A"; two days later, the group appeared on KBS's music program Music Bank. Subsequent performances were then broadcast on Show! Music Core and the SBS program Inkigayo. A second single, "Mach", was released on October 20. The next day, the first in a series of live performances was broadcast on the Mnet show M! Countdown. The group promoted "Mach" until November 14.

2011: So Girls, "Sweet Dream" and Japanese debut[edit]

In April 2011, Rainbow released their second EP, So Girls (The Korean title is SO 女, where is the east Asian character for "woman"). One song from the EP, "To Me", was released as a single. The season of spring was the overall concept for this release, and the EP's photos featured the group members in white dresses, with a field of flowers in the background.

An image portraying luxury was used for the promotion of "To Me", as the group sought to convey the revenge theme of the song. For the single's composition, Rainbow collaborated with Japan's Daishi Dance and elements of the music clip's ballet choreography were reportedly adapted from Swan Lake. On May 14, 2012, Sega Toys and Dong Woo Animation both hired Rainbow to perform two songs for the Japanese/Korean Animated series Zoobles.[8] The two songs, titled "I Love Zoobles" and "Zooblesui Moheom" are both used as the opening (first opening in the Japanese Dub) and ending themes of the series, performed in three languages: Korean, Japanese and English. The songs were uploaded in DSP Media's official YouTube channel.

On June 21, 2011, the music video for Rainbow's next single release, "Sweet Dream", was released. The music video was filmed using a motion control camera. The repackaged version of So Girls was released on June 22, and contained alternate tracks such as "Sweet Dream", an acoustic version of "Kiss" (from Gossip Girl), a club version of "To Me", and an instrumental version of "Sweet Dream". On June 23, 2011, Rainbow performed on M! Countdown in support of the repackaged release.[citation needed]

On September 7, 2011, Rainbow topped Recochoku's weekly download rankings for the Japanese release of their "A" music video. The group held their inaugural performance in Tokyo's Ikebukuro district, drawing a crowd of 2,000 fans, and performed “A”, followed by fifteen minutes of discussion.[9] On September 14, 2011, Rainbow released their debut single in the Japanese market, "A", and reached No. 3 on Oricon's daily single chart, selling 10,141 copies.[10] The single release included a Japanese remake of their debut single "Gossip Girl", as well as an exclusive DVD. Rainbow made their Japanese TV debut on the show Sukkiri, performing "A". On December 7, 2011, the group released their second Japanese single, a Japanese version of the song "Mach" (Japanese: マッハ), and reached No. 9 on Oricon's weekly chart.[citation needed]

2012–13: Rainbow Pixie, Over the Rainbow and Rainbow Syndrome[edit]

Rainbow in 2012 Asia Model Festival Awards

On January 3, 2012, DSP Media announced that a section of the group will be formed as a trio. On the same day, a teaser image was revealed on DSP Media's website, revealing "Rainbow Pixie" as the trio's name. On January 4, 2012, another image revealed the members of the group as SeungAh, Jisook and HyunYoung. The group released their debut song, "Hoi Hoi", on January 12, 2012,[11] and held their first performance on Show! Music Core.[12][unreliable source]

Rainbow released a Japanese single on March 14, 2012, entitled "Gonna Gonna Go!" (Japanese: ガナガナGO!).[13] Their Japanese debut album, Over the Rainbow, was released on March 28.[14] On April 5, 2012, Rainbow unveiled their second new Japanese song in the Japanese dub of [Zoobles, titled "Candy Girls!".

The group released the first part of their first studio album, Rainbow Syndrome, on February 13, 2013. The group also made a special showcase for the album on the same day.[15] "Tell Me Tell Me" was used to promote the first part of the album. The second part of the album was released on June 4, and "Sunshine" was used to promote the second part.[16]

2014–present: Rainbow Blaxx, Innocent and Prism[edit]

A second subunit, named Rainbow Blaxx, was formed in January 2014 consisting of Jaekyung, Woori, Seungah and Hyunyoung.[17] Their special album, RB Blaxx, was released on Janauary 20, 2014.[18] The music video for the title track, "Cha Cha", was directed by Digipedi and was the fourth-most viewed K-pop music video globally in January 2014.[19][20] The music video, as well as the song's choregraphy, drew controversy for being "too sexual".[21][22]

Rainbow's third mini album, Innocent and the music video for its title track, "Black Swan" were released on February 23, 2015.[23][24] The group had their first comeback performance on M! Countdown on February 26. Their fourth mini-album Prism and the music video for its title track "Whoo" was released on February 15, 2016. They also held their commemorative showcase at the Yes24 Muv Hall in Seoul's Mapo-gu, which was broadcast through the Naver V App on the same day as the album release.[25][26] Rainbow held their first comeback stage with "Whoo" through SBS MTV's The Show on February 16.[27]


  • Woori (우리, born Go Woo-ri (고우리) on February 22, 1988) is a rapper and vocalist in the group.[28] She is the eldest in Rainbow. She studied at Korea National Sport University. Woori was a fixed member cast of the KBS' TV shows Invincible Youth 2 and Let's Go! Dream Team, both in season two, and on the TV sitcom I Need a Fairy, also of KBS.[29] She is a member of Rainbow Blaxx. Her color in Rainbow is orange.[28]
  • Seungah (승아, born Oh Se-mi (오세미) on September 13, 1988 ) is a vocalist in the group.[28] She made her audition at DSP Media on the same day as Kara's Goo Hara and Kang Jiyoung. Seungah is studying at Sangmyung University, but is currently on a leave of absence because of the group's activities. She appeared in SS501's music video for "A Song Calling For You". In 2012, she was part of the season 1 of tvN's show The Romantic and Idol, pairing with JJ Project's member JB. She is also a member of the group's sub-unit Rainbow Pixie and Rainbow Blaxx. Her color in Rainbow is indigo.[28]
  • Jaekyung (재경, born Kim Jae-kyung (김재경) on December 24, 1988) is the group's leader, and is a vocalist and dancer.[28] She studied at Dongduk Women's University, where she majored in Fashion Design. She has appeared in two music videos by SS501: "Love Like This" and "A Song Calling For You", and in A'ST1's "Dynamite". She made her acting debut on jTBC's drama Monster.[30] She is also a member of the sub-unit Rainbow Blaxx. Her color in Rainbow is red.[28]
  • Noeul (노을, born No Eul (노을) on May 10, 1989) is a rapper and vocalist in the group.[28] She studied at Sungdong Women's Business High School. Alongside Seungah, Noeul appeared in SS501's music video for "A Song Calling For You". She is a childhood friend of Girls' Generation's Kim Tae-yeon, and she was part of the recurring cameo cast of MBC's TV drama Time Slip Dr. Jin.[31] Her color in Rainbow is blue.[28]
  • Yoonhye (윤혜; born Jung Yoonhye (정윤혜) on April 14, 1990) is a vocalist and rapper in the group.[28] She is currently studying at Dongduk Women's University, majoring in broadcast entertainment. Both of her parents are classical musicians. Her cousin Roy Kim, is the winner of Mnet's music contest Superstar K4. She has worked independently as a drama actress in The Firstborn[32] and Great First Wives.[33] Her color in Rainbow is violet.[28]
  • Jisook (지숙; born Kim Jisook (김지숙) on July 18, 1990) is the main vocalist in the group.[28] She studied at Hanyang Women's University, majoring in music. She is known for resembling Girls' Generation's Kim Tae-yeon.[34] Before Rainbow, Jisook was in a pre-debut rock band. Her mother died of chronic disease on July 4, 2011, during promotions for "Sweet Dream".[35] Jisook is also a member of the group's sub-unit Rainbow Pixie. Her color in Rainbow is green.[28]
  • Hyunyoung (현영; born Cho Hyunyoung (조현영) on August 11, 1991) is a main vocalist in the group.[28] She studied at Shingwang Female High School. Along with Woori, she was previously a S.M. Entertainment trainee. In 2012, she was diagnosed with a vocal cord polyp and underwent surgery for its removal.[36] She is also a member of the group's sub-unit Rainbow Pixie and Rainbow BLAXX alongside JaeKyung, WooRi and SeungAh. Her color in Rainbow is yellow.[28]


  • Rainbow Pixie (2012)
  • Rainbow Blaxx (2014)





Year Awards
  • 12th Korean Video Daejun's Award: Most Photogenic of the Year[38]


  1. ^ (Korean) DSP, 카라 잇는 대형 신인 걸그룹 RAINBOW(레인보우) 공개!. The Star. November 4, 2009. Retrieved July 5, 2010
  2. ^ (Korean) 레인보우(Rainbow) at Bugs.co.kr. Retrieved July 5, 2010
  3. ^ (Korean) 신예 걸그룹 Rainbow(레인보우), 데뷔곡 티저 영상 공개!. The Star. November 6, 2009. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  4. ^ (Korean) 걸그룹 레인보우 ‘가쉽걸’ 티저공개 ‘청순+깜찍+섹시 매력발산’. Newsen. November 6, 2009. Retrieved July 6, 2010
  5. ^ DSP Entertainment reveals new girl group Rainbow allkpop.com. November 3, 2009. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  6. ^ (Korean) 레인보우 (Rainbow) – 미니앨범 : Gossip Girl. YES24. Retrieved July 5, 2010
  7. ^ (Korean) ‘음악중심’ 레인보우, 상큼한 데뷔무대 선봬! ‘제2의 카라될까?’ (RAINBOW's fresh debut stage at Music Core! Will they become the 2nd Kara?). jknews.co.kr. November 14, 2009. Retrieved July 6, 2010
  8. ^ "레인보우, OST 다크호스로 급부상" (in Korean). nate. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  9. ^ (Korean)레인보우, 日싱글 오리콘 데일리 판매 3위 naver.com. September 15, 2011. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  10. ^ (Korean)레인보우, 日 오리콘 3위로 데뷔 `기염` naver.com. September 15, 2011. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  11. ^ (Korean) 레인보우, 3인조 ‘픽시’로 유닛 활동. Naver. January 4, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2012
  12. ^ Rainbow Pixie debuts with “Hoi Hoi” on ‘Music Core’!. allkpop. January 14, 2012
  13. ^ "3rdシングル発売決定!" (in Japanese). DSP Media. February 15, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2012. 
  14. ^ "RAINBOW待望の1stアルバム「Over The Rainbow」リリース決定!!" (in Japanese). Universal Music Group. February 24, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  15. ^ Park, Hani (14 February 2013). "Rainbow Admits to Noise Marketing for Topless Photo". enewsWorld. CJ E&M. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  16. ^ Hong, Grace Danbi (4 June 2013). "[Video] Rainbow Members Rub Their Bellies and Cheer on Jerry in ‘Sunshine’ MV". enewsWorld. CJ E&M. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  17. ^ "[Exclusive Interview] Rainbow Blaxx Talks Sexytimes". enewsWorld. CJ E&M. 7 March 2014. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  18. ^ Hong, Grace Danbi (20 January 2014). "[Video] Rainbow Blaxx Reveals ‘Cha Cha’ MV with Macaroons and Cake". enewsWorld. CJ E&M. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  19. ^ "Orange Caramel′s MV for ′Catallena′ Was Inspired by Sexy Sushi". enewsWorld. CJ E&M. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  20. ^ Benjamin, Jeff (2014-04-29). "Most-Viewed K-Pop Videos in America vs. Internationally: Quarter 1 of 2014 | Billboard". Billboard. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  21. ^ Kim Ji-soo (22 January 2014). "Sexiness gone too far?". The Korea Times. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  22. ^ Um Dong-jin (28 January 2014). "Pop groups under fire for hot shows". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  23. ^ Park Hyun-taek (9 March 2015). "Rainbow returns after a long hiatus". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2016-03-21. 
  24. ^ Benjamin, Jeff (2015-02-24). "Rainbow Attempt to Turn 'Black Swan' Into a Sultry Disco Track". Billboard. Retrieved 2016-03-21. 
  25. ^ Won Ho-jung (15 February 2016). "Girl group Rainbow brings the energy for ‘Prism’". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  26. ^ ""단지 느릴뿐, 올해는 빵 뜬다"…레인보우, 일곱 빛깔 매력(종합)" Naver.Retrieved 2016-02-20.
  27. ^ "'더쇼' 레인보우 컴백, 건강 섹시미란 이런 것 'Whoo'". Daum. Retrieved 2016-02-20.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Rainbow's biography at Universal Music Japan website" (in Japanese). Universal Music Japan. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  29. ^ 엠블랙 이준-레인보우 고우리 ‘선녀가 필요해’ 합류 (in Korean). Nate. April 3, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  30. ^ 레인보우 재경, 종편 드라마로 연기자 데뷔 (in Korean). Nate. March 14, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  31. ^ "레인보우 노을, MBC '닥터진' 전격출연 '설레는 첫 연기도전'" (in Korean). TVDaily. May 25, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  32. ^ http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2013/10/10/2013101002684.html
  33. ^ http://tenasia.hankyung.com/archives/526187
  34. ^ 레인보우 지숙, 묘한 자세로 한컷 '혹시 태연?' (in Korean). Naver. September 9, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  35. ^ "´레인보우´김지숙, 4일 밤 모친상 ´전원 스케줄 취소´" (in Korean). Nate. July 5, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  36. ^ 레인보우 조현영, 성대 폴립 수술 받아 (in Korean). Nate. April 19, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  37. ^ "Rookie of the Month (September)". cyworld. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 
  38. ^ "U-KISS and Rainbow win the ‘Most Photogenic of the Year’ award". allkpop. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 
  39. ^ 레인보우, 日서 男心 올킬…골든디스크 ‘한류아이콘’ 수상. sport donga (in Korean). January 11, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2012. 

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