Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital

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This article is about Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital. For other similarly named hospitals, see Children's Hospital (disambiguation).
Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital
Location Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Coordinates 41°30′16″N 81°36′21″W / 41.5044444°N 81.6058333°W / 41.5044444; -81.6058333Coordinates: 41°30′16″N 81°36′21″W / 41.5044444°N 81.6058333°W / 41.5044444; -81.6058333
Care system Medicaid, Private Insurance, BCMH
Hospital type Teaching, Tertiary Referral Center
Affiliated university Case Western Reserve University
Emergency department Level I pediatric trauma center
Beds 244
Founded 1887
Website http://www.uhhospitals.org/rainbow
Lists Hospitals in Ohio

Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital is a children's hospital in Cleveland, Ohio. It is a part of University Hospitals Case Medical Center, formerly University Hospitals of Cleveland. From 2007 - 2009 it was ranked as one of the top three pediatric hospitals in the Midwestern United States, and a top 10 children's hospital nationally by U.S. News & World Report.[1][not in citation given] In 2009, Rainbow ranked second in the country for neonatal care.[2]

The hospital was founded in 1906. It currently has 244 beds,[citation needed] and over 850 physicians, nurses, child life specialists, social workers, and other care professionals.[citation needed] It treats children with cancer, heart disease, cystic fibrosis and pulmonary specialties, sickle cell disease, kidney disease, immunology and endocrine and metabolic disorders. Its neonatologists specialize in the treatment of high-risk and premature newborns. It is affiliated with Case Western Reserve University.[3]


U.S. Navy personnel visiting with patients

2009 U.S. News & World Report National Rankings'[2]

Child Specialty National Rank
Neonatal Care 2
Respiratory Disorders 10
Diabetes & Endocrine Disorders 13
Orthopedics 13
Neurology & Neurosurgery 18
Kidney Disorders 19
Digestive Disorders 25
Cancer 30

The hospital was ranked second nationally for neonatal care by U.S. News & World Report.[2] It regularly conducts clinical trials in the treatment of pediatric health disorders including pediatric oncology, depression and lupus.[citation needed] It also offers services for medical professionals, including residency and fellowship programs, continuing medical education, a nursing program, and the Rainbow Center for Pediatric Ethics.


Rainbow's neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) cares for more than 1,300 premature and critically ill babies each year[citation needed]. It serves a 12-county area in Northeast Ohio with a pediatric population of nearly one million[citation needed]. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) have designated it as a level III Neonatal Research Center – the highest available designation.[4][better source needed]

The NICU is one of 21 units in the country deemed a National Research Center by the NIH[citation needed]. Its team of 22 NICU doctors and six neonatology fellows[who?] have authored medical textbooks and directed studies in research and clinical care of high-risk and low-birth weight babies. It admits approximately 1,000 newborns annually[citation needed], and also serves as the ECMO referral center for Northeast Ohio.

In 2009 the NICU completed a renovation and expansion.[5] The 38-bed NICU now connects to a 44-bed neonatal transitional unit on the same floor, several feet away from the delivery rooms at MacDonald Women's Hospital. Improvements include more bedside privacy for parents, an increase in the number of diagnostic and imaging equipment, and the ability to provide extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment without transporting the baby.


Rainbow's pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is a 23-bed combined medical-surgical unit which cares for more than 1500 critically ill children each year. An attending intensivist from the Division of Pediatric Critical Care coordinates care, in cooperation with children's primary pediatricians and medical and surgical subspecialists.