|Minister for Economics and Technology|
28 October 2009 – 12 May 2011
|Preceded by||Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg|
|Succeeded by||Philipp Rösler|
22 June 1945 |
Berlin, Allied-occupied Germany
|Political party||Free Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||University of Mainz|
Rainer Brüderle (born 22 June 1945 in Berlin) is a German politician and member of the FDP. He served as Minister of Economics and Transport of Rhineland-Palatinate from 1987–1998. On 28 October 2009, he was appointed Federal Minister for Economics and Technology in the second cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel. Following his election in May 2011 as chairman of his party's parliamentary group, Brüderle resigned as Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Technology.
Early life and education
Brüderle holds a Diplom in Economics from the University of Mainz. He also earned a doctorate and worked at the university until he entered politics, first at the municipal level and then at the state level, for Rhineland Palatinate.
Brüderle served as a member of the German Bundestag between 1998 and 2013. At the 2009 election he unsuccessfully contested the Mainz constituency, but was elected to the Bundestag for the Rhineland-Palatinate land list.
Minister for Economic Affairs and Technology, 2009-2011
In May 2008, Brüderle said, for two-thirds of every gas station bill supported by the State responsibility. He demanded to abolish the road tax in addition to the eco-tax, it is sufficient if "only the real consumption" will be touched by mineral oil from the Treasury. Neither he as economy minister in the federal government since 2009 nor the FDP voiced these demands again.
State aid for Opel
On 9 June 2010 Brüderle refused a request from Opel Germany to 1.1 billion euro in the form of state aid. On the same day Chancellor Angela Merkel gave Opel vague hope of a bailout stating: "The last word on the future of Opel is still out." "The state is not the better entrepreneur" was a justification Brüderle for his vote. The state aid would have resulted in his opinion, to serious distortions of competition in the industry. However, a government decision, there was not, as General Motors and Opel / Vauxhall in Europe applied for no more state aid .
This would allow the State to dismantle dominant corporations (even without concrete reason) when the competition can not otherwise be made. The German power companies then turned against such a bill. In May 2010 Brüderle defused the bill.
On 14 September 2011, Rainer Brüderle announced that an article written for the newspaper Die Welt by Vice Chancellor Philipp Rösler, about the possible benefits of a Greek bankruptcy for the rest of the euro zone, confirmed the opinion of a number of European finance ministers.
Chairman of the FDP parliamentary group, 2011-2013
During his time in office, Brüderle mainly focused on European policy issues as a result of the continent’s sovereign debt crisis. By 2012, in the face of growing criticism of the Merkel government’s policies, he publicly stated that Germany "could reach the stage at which a referendum on Europe becomes necessary."
In January 2013, party chairman Philipp Rösler offered to the party leadership to step down in favour of Brüderle, then the favoured choice of many FDP members to lead the party into that year’s national election. Brüderle declined, and both agreed that Rösler would stay on as party leader, while Bruederle would be the face of the FDP's election campaign.
- Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications, Posts and Railway (BNetzA), Member of the Advisory Board (1998-2009)
- Landesbank Rheinland-Pfalz, Member of the Board of Guarantors (1998-2008)
- Deutsche Bank, Member of the Advisory Board (1998-2009)
- Provinzial Rheinland Versicherung AG, Member of the Supervisory Board (2005-2006)
- IVA Valuation & Advisory AG, Member of the Supervisory Board (2005-2009; since 2011)
- RSBK Strategie Beratung Kommunikation AG, Member of the Advisory Board (2005-2009; since 2013)
- ZDF, Member of the Broadcasting Board
- Center of Market-Oriented Product and Production Management (CMPP), Member of the Advisory Board
- Stiftung Auge, Member of the Board of Trustees (since 2009)
- German-Israeli Business Association, Member of the Board of Trustees (since 200)
- Rationalisierungs- und Innovationszentrum der Deutschen Wirtschaft, Member of the Board of Trustees (2009-2013)
In the magazine Stern in January 2013, the journalist Laura Himmelreich published an article about alleged advances towards her from the politician during a January 2012 political gathering at a bar in Stuttgart. The advances included asking her for a dance and mainly the suggestive comment that she "could also fill a dirndl" with a look at her breasts, which she interpreted as sexism, sparking a media-wide debate.
- "Rainer Brüderle, FDP". Biography. Deutscher Bundestag. Retrieved 2013-07-13.
- Paul Hockenos (March 23, 2011), Face of the boom European Voice.
- Sarah Marsh (August 10, 2012), Momentum grows in Germany for referendum on closer EU ties Reuters.
- Thorsten Severin (January 21, 2013), Head of Merkel's FDP allies offers to quit: party source Reuters.
- Alexandra Hudson (August 26, 2013), Merkel allies stage 11th-hour revival behind young leader Reuters.
- Members of the Advisory Board, 2003 Deutsche Bank.
- Members of the Advisory Board, 2008 Deutsche Bank.
- Supervisory Board IVA Valuation & Advisory AG.
- Advisory Board RSBK Strategie Beratung Kommunikation AG.
- Advisory Board Center of Market-Oriented Product and Production Management (CMPP).
- Board of Trustees Stiftung Auge.
- Board of Trustees German-Israeli Business Association.
- "Leading German Politicians Accused of Inappropriate Advances". Spiegel.de. 2013-01-24. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rainer Brüderle.|
- Official website (in German)