Rainer Island

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Rainer Island
Russian: Остров Райнера
Kara sea ZFJZL.PNG
of the Zemlya Zichy subgroup of the Franz Josef Archipelago. Rainer Island is on its northeastern side.
Location Arctic
Coordinates 81°21′31″N 58°59′29″E / 81.3586°N 58.9914°E / 81.3586; 58.9914
Archipelago Franz Josef Archipelago
Area 139.8 km2 (54.0 sq mi)
Length 14 km (8.7 mi)
Width 14 km (8.7 mi)
Highest elevation 284 m (932 ft)
Population 0

Rainer Island or Rainier Island (Остров Райнера; Ostrov Raynyera) is an island in Franz Josef Land, Russia. Lat. 81° 42' N; long 59° 00' E.

Rainer Island has a roughly round shape, with a diameter of 14 km (8.7 mi). Its area is 140 km2 (54 sq mi) and practically all of it is glaciated. Highest point 284 m (932 ft).

This island was named by the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition after nobleman Rainer Joseph Johann Michael Franz Hieronymus, Archduke of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, also known as the Archduke Rainer of Austria, one of the aristocrats who helped to finance the private venture.

Rainer Island is part of the Zemlya Zichy subgroup of the Franz Joseph Archipelago. It is located east of Karl-Alexander Island and very close to it, separated by a 2.5 km (1.6 mi) narrow sound.

Coordinates: 81°21′31″N 58°59′29″E / 81.3586°N 58.9914°E / 81.3586; 58.9914

Adjacent islands[edit]

  • At the northern end of the sound between Rainer Island and Karl-Alexander Island there is a group of islets known as Lesgaft Reefs (рифы Лесгафта). These were named after Russian social reformer Peter Lesgaft.
  • Close to the northeastern shore of Rainer Island there is a small islet called Ostrov Ivanova which is only 0.6 km (0.37 mi) in length.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]