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Rainier cherry

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rainier cherry
Rainier cherries from the state of Washington, USA
SpeciesPrunus avium
BreederHarold Fogle
OriginWashington State University, in 1952
Branch of a Rainier cherry tree

Rainier (/rˈnɪər/ ray-NEER) is a cultivar of cherry. It was developed in 1952 at Washington State University by Harold Fogle, and named after Mount Rainier. It is a cross between the Bing and Van cultivars.[1]

Rainiers are considered a premium type of cherry. They are sweet with a thin skin and thick creamy-yellow flesh. The cherries are susceptible to temperature, wind, and rain, and the flesh is generally more watery than other sweet cherries.[2]

Rainiers are grown mainly in the Northwestern United States region, in the states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming. Washington state is the top producer.[3]

Plant facts[edit]

The standard rootstock for the Rainier cherry is the Mazzard cherry, a wild or seedling sweet cherry used as grafting stock. Mature Rainier trees reach a height of 30 to 35 feet and are widely adaptable to various soil types. Trees should be well spaced to provide maximum sun exposure for individual branches, ensuring fully developed, sweet, ripe fruit at harvest time. Rainiers will produce fruit in 3 to 5 years, with a bloom period in early April. The creamy light yellow to medium yellow-orange fruit develops a red blush and is ready to harvest from late June through early July. Rainier cultivars require pollination. Typical pollenizers are the Bing, Van, Lapins, Black Tartarian, and Lambert cultivars. Rainiers grow best in USDA Zones 4–9.[4] It is one of the most cold-hardy sweet cherries.


  1. ^ "If it's July, it must be time for those golden Rainier cherries". Christian Science Monitor. ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved 2023-09-06.
  2. ^ Chou, Hsiao-Ching (2001-06-23). "Rainier Cherries are the Peak of the Crop". Seattle P-I.
  3. ^ https://magazine.wsu.edu/2019/08/02/rainier-cherries/
  4. ^ "Rainier Cherry Tree". fast-growing-trees.com. Retrieved 8 January 2017.