Rainiharo

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Rainiharo's tomb is located on the road connecting the Isoraka and Isotry neighborhoods of Antananarivo.[1]

Field Marshal Rainiharo (died on 18 October 1852 in Rabodomiarana) was from 1833 to 1852 prime minister of the Kingdom of Imerina in the central highlands of Madagascar.

Biography[edit]

Rainiharo was born as Ravoninahitriniarivo into the Hova (freeman) class of the Merina people in the central highlands of Madagascar. His father, Andriantsilavonandriana, served as an adviser to the king Andrianampoinimerina.[2] After distinguishing himself as a military officer in a series of campaigns of pacification in the southeastern part of the island, he was chosen as a spouse by Queen Ranavalona I following the death of her first husband in 1833,[3] and was thereupon promoted to Commander-in-Chief of the military and Prime Minister of Madagascar.[4] He retained these roles until his death in 1853,[1] when he was interred in a distinctive tomb constructed in central Antananarivo by Frenchman Jean Laborde.[5] This tomb would later hold the bodies of Rainiharo's two sons, Rainivoninahitriniony and Rainilaiarivony, who would each succeed him as Commander-in-Chief, Prime Minister and consort.[4]

He was buried in Fasan-dRainiharo, Isoraka.

Literary[edit]

Rainiharo is mentioned in The Fugitives by R.M. Ballantyne.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b University of Southern California archive, accessed 15 August 2008
  2. ^ Royal Ark
  3. ^ Non European Royalty, accessed 15 August 2008
  4. ^ a b Madagascar prime ministers, rulers.org, accessed 15 August 2008
  5. ^ Tourist guide, hotel-palissandre.com
  6. ^ The Fugitives, R.M.Ballantyne, athelstane.co.uk