|Nickname(s): Hill city of Odisha|
|• Chairperson||Mrs. Sailabala Mohanta (BJP)|
|Elevation||248 m (814 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||ORM-XXXX / OR 11-X-XXXX / OD 11-XXXX|
Rairangpur pronunciation (help·info)is a city and a Municipality in Mayurbhanj district in the state of Odisha, India. It is based at about 85 kilometres from district headquarters of Baripada and about 80 km away from Jamshedpur(TataNagar). The Khadkhai (Sulaipat) Dam is a local attraction nearby and Simlipal Tiger Reserve is in the approachable distance attracting many foreign tourists. This is a notable mining area of Odisha. Gorumahisani, Badampahar, Sulaipat are rich iron-ore mines of this place.
Rairangpur is located at  It has an average elevation of 248 m (814 ft)..
According to the 2011 Indian census, Rairangpur had a population of 47,294. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Rairangpur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 65%. In Rairangpur, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Rairangpur acts as a liaison centre between Jamshedpur (Tatanagar) in Jharkhand, Durgapur in West Bengal and the Iron Ore Mines in Gorumahisani, Badampahar and Suleipat. The steel factories of Tata and the surrounding area rely partly on the iron ores extracted from these mines. In addition to freight trains there is also a passenger train from Jamshedpur to Badampahar via Rairangpur.
Rairangpur is surrounded by hills which are rich in iron ore mineral. The first iron ore mines of Asia were in Gorumahisani, Suleipat and Badampahar (mother mines of Tata Steel)are located here. The first ever trial for setting up of a Ferro Vanadium Plant was made by Mayurbhanj Maharaja during pre-independence days. Currently, thousands of tones of iron ore are exported out of the state on daily basis.
The majority of the population is dependent on the paddy harvesting (farming) as either their main source or as an alternate source of income. The direct and indirect dependency of the economy of this place is largely influenced by the paddy harvesting. The same is again largely dependent on the annual rain fall during May–September. The Kharakhai (suleipat) dam and Bankbad dam irrigate some of the cultivating lands and helps for the khariff harvesting.
Rairangpur has the oldest and the largest Sal Oil Extraction Plant which has been closed since years. Sal seed is locally collected from the forest. The area suffers due to less attention in the political environment with few resources and funds allocated to it from government or private sources.
Rairangpur lies on the Tatanagar-Badampahar branch line of Indian Railways. Air conditioned luxurious buses to Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Rourkela, Keonjhar, JamshedpurTatanagar, Kolkata are available. Local buses and jeeps are there in every 15–30 minutes to all small villages and towns nearby.
Rairangpur has its local airstrip namely Dandbose Aerodrome .In most cases celebrities land here by their chopper.
"Makar" is the most popular festival celebrated here. In this festival people make "Pitha"(made of jaggery) in their homes, They eat and distribute to their relatives. Also Village people make "Tusu"(idol) represent and them in the nearby "Tusu Mela" where large number of people get gathered to witness those idols.
Other religious festivals : Kumar Purnima , Maha Shivaratri , Raja Parba, Rath Yatra,
Rath Yatra (Car festival) People from all sections of the society pull the rath(chariot) of Lord Jagannath, his brother Lord Balabhadra and sister goddess Subhadra to their "Mausibadi" (Aunt's place) from the temple.
"Uda parba " a festival of Lord Mahadev is also celebrated here on 15 April every year.
Most commonly Deepawali, Durga Puja and Ganesh Puja in celebrated all over Rairangpur locality .Popular idols belongs to Ichinda, Bazar, Kucheibudhi, Anladuba, Sakiladihi, Purnaghaty area.
"Chhau" Dance of this Bamanghati Subdivision is famous all over the world. "Jhumar" is the local genre.
The place is rapidly growing in the educational infrastructure. Some of the Government & Private funded educational institutes are :
1.Government Boys High School
2.Government Girls High School
3.Raghu Nath Jiu High School
4.Pichlighaty High School
5.Saraswati Shisu Vidya Mandir
6.Rairangpur College (North Odisha University)
8.Rairangpur ITI (Technical)
9.Kerala Public School
10.Little Flower Public School
11.Sparsh Public School
12.Sunshine English Medium School
13.Madina Public School
14.Kalinga English Medium School
15.Venketeswar Public School
16.Fact Computer Education
18.Technoworld +2 sc. College
19.Odisha Adarsha Vidyalaya Sanmouda
20.Cosmos International School
21.Richards Mission primary school
- Axis Bank
- Bandhan Bank
- Bank of India
- Canara Bank
- HDFC Bank
- ICICI Bank
- IDBI Bank
- Oriental Bank of Commerce
- Punjab National Bank
- State Bank of India
- Syndicate Bank
- UCO Bank
- Union Bank of India
Sports and entertainment
Cricket is the most widely played sport in the city. Deepak Kumar Memorial(DKM),Mahuldiha organizes a cricket Tournament every year. Being the most popular cricket tournament here, teams of different parts of the state and nearby participate and perform their talent. Likewise, Rairangpur Premier League (RPL) is also organized at Kacheri stadium.
Sports organised by various village Youth associations just after Makar Sankranti is one of the age old sports activity promoting youth athletes with very colorful and festive events during January & February every year.
Children's Park, Kacheri Road- A heavenly play destination for kids. Famous amusement park Brundaban Garden located at Routhkhamar is now closed for general public due to some issues.
- VR Center
Odisha has now got its first VR center at Mind Shift, Rairangpur. It's one of the most liked places. People here belonging to all age groups loves this amazing technology. Mostly Children find it as their favourite place for having all the fun and playing games in a unique way. Virtual Reality(VR) is what attracts them all. This reflects the developing scenario of Rairangpur in the field of Technology.
Lifestyle and language
Rairangpurians follow a moderate lifestyle and they live in peace and harmony. They do celebrate various religious festival together.
- Santali Language is the most common language followed by the locals.
- Hindi language Hindi
- odia language is the common language followed by the locals.
Most populated areas belong to:
- Durga Mandap
- Bikash Nagar
- Garh New line colony
- math shai anladuba
Places of interest
2.Mind shift- Odisha's first VR center
3.Children's Park, Kacheri Road
4.Hanuman Vatika, Bazar
5.Suleipat dam (Khadakhai Dam)
6.Brundavan Garden(Now closed For public)
8.Shimlipal National Park
9.Purunia Shivsambhu Temple
10.Raghu Nath Jiu Math Anladuba
Current MLA from Rairangpur Assembly Constituency is Saiba Sushil Kumar Hansdah of [Biju Janta Dal](BJD) who won the seat in the recent state elections in 2014.
Previous MLAs from this seat were Shyam Charan Hansdah of Indian National Congress (INC)in 2009, Mrs Draupadi Murmu of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 2000, Laxman Majhi of INC in 1995, Chaitanya Prasad Majhi (Janata Dal)(JD) in 1990, Bhabendra Nath Majhi of INC in 1985, Sidhalal Murmu of INC(I) in 1980, and Arjun Majhi of JNP in 1977. 
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Rairangpur
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 4-Rairangpur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
- "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-11-08. Retrieved 2008-09-17.