Raja Permaisuri Agong

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Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia
راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ
Standard of the Raja Permaisuri Agong.svg
StyleHer Majesty
Malay: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda
ResidenceIstana Negara, Jalan Duta
as official residence
WebsiteKeeper of the Rulers’ Seal Office

Raja Permaisuri Agong (Jawi: راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ; full title: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong; سري ڤدوک بݢيندا راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ) is the title given to the consort of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the elected, constitutional head of state of Malaysia.

Terminology and precedence[edit]

As the title "Yang di-Pertuan Agong" is commonly glossed as "King" in English, the title "Raja Permaisuri Agong" is commonly translated to "Queen", and in English the bearer is thus referred to as "Her Majesty" and addressed as "Your Majesty".[citation needed] The Malay word permaisuri is derived from Tamil பரமேஸ்வரி (paramēsvari), from Sanskrit परमेश्वरी (parameśvarī), 'supreme lady'.

The Raja Permaisuri Agong immediately follows her husband, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, in the Malaysian order of precedence.

Status, functions, and privileges[edit]

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected (de facto rotated) every five years among the nine hereditary rulers of the states of Malaysia. When a ruler is elected as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, his consort automatically becomes the Raja Permaisuri Agong. In effect, the holder of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong changes every five years, though it could happen earlier due to the death or resignation of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

Like many spouses of heads of state, the Raja Permaisuri Agong has no stipulated role in the Constitution of Malaysia. She accompanies the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to official functions and state visits, as well as hosting visiting heads of state and their spouses. Article 34 of the Malaysian Constitution forbids the Raja Permaisuri Agong from holding any appointment, carrying any remuneration, or actively engaging in any commercial enterprise. The Raja Permaisuri Agong is, however, legally entitled to an annual payment which is included in the Civil List of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

Previous holders of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong whose husbands are deceased receive a pension from the Federal Government's Civil List. They also take precedence immediately after the reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the current Raja Permaisuri Agong, the reigning monarchs of royal states, and the Yang di-Pertua Negeri of non-royal states.

List of Raja Permaisuri Agong[edit]

The following consorts have served as Raja Permaisuri Agong:

Number Name State Reign Birth Death Yang di-Pertuan Agong
1 Tunku Kurshiah binti Almarhum Tunku Besar Burhanuddin  Negeri Sembilan 31 August 1957 – 1 April 1960 (1911-05-16)16 May 1911 2 February 1999(1999-02-02) (aged 87) Tuanku Abdul Rahman
2 Raja Jema'ah binti Almarhum Raja Ahmad  Selangor 14 April 1960 – 1 September 1960 1900 8 April 1973 (aged 72–73) Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah
3 Tengku Budriah binti Tengku Ismail  Perlis 21 September 1960 – 20 September 1965 (1924-03-28)28 March 1924 28 November 2008(2008-11-28) (aged 84) Tuanku Syed Putra
4 Tengku Intan Zaharah binti Tengku Omar  Terengganu 21 September 1965 – 20 September 1970 (1928-04-13)13 April 1928 24 January 2015(2015-01-24) (aged 86) Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
5 Tuanku Bahiyah binti Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman  Kedah 21 September 1970 – 20 September 1975 (1930-08-24)24 August 1930 26 August 2003(2003-08-26) (aged 73) Tuanku Abdul Halim
6 Tengku Zainab II binti Tengku Muhammad Petra  Kelantan 21 September 1975 – 29 March 1979 (1917-08-07)7 August 1917 10 January 1993(1993-01-10) (aged 75) Sultan Yahya Petra
7 Tengku Hajjah Afzan binti Tengku Panglima Perang Muhammad  Pahang 29 March 1979 – 25 April 1984 (1932-12-04)4 December 1932 29 June 1988(1988-06-29) (aged 55) Sultan Ahmad Shah Al-Mustain Billah
8 Tunku Zanariah binti Tengku Panglima Raja Ahmad  Johor 26 April 1984 – 25 April 1989 (1940-07-05) 5 July 1940 (age 78) Sultan Iskandar
9 Tuanku Bainun binti Mohamad Ali  Perak 26 April 1989 – 25 April 1994 (1932-11-07) 7 November 1932 (age 86) Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah
10 Tuanku Najihah binti Almarhum Tunku Besar Burhanuddin  Negeri Sembilan 26 April 1994 – 25 April 1999 (1924-09-11) 11 September 1924 (age 94) Tuanku Ja'afar
11 Tuanku Siti Aishah binti Abdul Rahman  Selangor 26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001 (1971-11-18) 18 November 1971 (age 47) Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz
12 Tuanku Fauziah binti Almarhum Tengku Abdul Rashid  Perlis 13 December 2001 – 12 December 2006 (1946-06-06) 6 June 1946 (age 72) Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
13 Tuanku Nur Zahirah (Rozita binti Adil Bakeri)  Terengganu 13 December 2006 – 12 December 2011 (1973-12-07) 7 December 1973 (age 45) Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin
14 Tuanku Hajah Haminah binti Hamidun  Kedah 13 December 2011 – 12 December 2016 (1953-07-15) 15 July 1953 (age 65) Tuanku Abdul Halim1
1.^ Tuanku Abdul Halim was the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong to reign twice.[1] Sultanah Haminah was his second wife from 1975 to his death.

Living former Raja Permaisuri Agong[edit]

Name State Reign Birth Yang di-Pertuan Agong Remarks
Tunku Zanariah  Johor 1984–1989 (1940-07-05) 5 July 1940 (age 78) Iskandar of Johor Her current title is Her Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tunku Puan Zanariah
Tuanku Bainun  Perak 1989-1994 (1932-11-07) 7 November 1932 (age 86) Azlan Shah of Perak Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Dowager Raja Permaisuri of Perak
Tuanku Najihah  Negeri Sembilan 1994-1999 (1924-09-11) 11 September 1924 (age 94) Ja'afar of Negeri Sembilan Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Dowager Tunku Ampuan of Negeri Sembilan
Tuanku Siti Aishah  Selangor 1999-2001 (1971-11-18) 18 November 1971 (age 47) Salahuddin of Selangor Her current title is Her Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Permaisuri Siti Aishah, The Former Tengku Permaisuri of Selangor
Tuanku Fauziah  Perlis 2001-2006 (1946-06-06) 6 June 1946 (age 72) Sirajuddin of Perlis Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Duli Yang Maha Mulia) The Queen (Raja Perempuan) Perlis
Sultanah Nur Zahirah  Terengganu 2006-2011 (1973-12-07) 7 December 1973 (age 45) Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) The Sultanah of Terengganu
Tuanku Haminah  Kedah 2011-2016 (1953-07-15) 15 July 1953 (age 65) Abdul Halim of Kedah Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Che Puan Besar of Kedah

The most recent deceased former Raja Permaisuri Agong is Tengku Intan Zaharah of  Terengganu 24 January 2015(2015-01-24) (aged 86), the 4th Raja Permaisuri Agong (tenure 1965-1975), her husband is Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin (24 January 1907-20 September 1979), the 4th Yang di Pertuan Agong (tenure 1965-1970) and Sultan of  Terengganu (16 December 1945-20 September 1979).


  1. ^ Bernama (14 October 2011). "Kedah Sultan To Be Next King, For The Second Time". Retrieved 14 October 2011.

See also[edit]