Raja Permaisuri Agong

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The royal standard of the Raja Permaisuri Agong

Raja Permaisuri Agong (Jawi: راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ; full title: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong; سري ڤدوک بݢيندا راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ) is the title given to the consort of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the elected, constitutional head of state of Malaysia.

There is currently no Raja Permaisuri Agong, as the current and 15th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Sultan Muhammad V of Kelantan, is divorced.

Terminology and precedence[edit]

As the title "Yang di-Pertuan Agong" is commonly glossed as "King" in English, the title "Raja Permaisuri Agong" is commonly translated to "Queen", and in English the bearer is thus referred to as "Her Majesty" and addressed as "Your Majesty".[citation needed] The Malay word permaisuri is derived from Tamil பரமேஸ்வரி (paramēsvari), from Sanskrit परमेश्वरी (parameśvarī), 'supreme lady'.

The Raja Permaisuri Agong immediately follows her husband, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, in the Malaysian order of precedence.

Status, functions, and privileges[edit]

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected (de facto rotated) every five years among the nine hereditary rulers of the states of Malaysia. When a ruler is elected as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, his consort automatically becomes the Raja Permaisuri Agong. In effect, the holder of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong changes every five years, though it could happen earlier due to the death or resignation of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

Like many spouses of heads of state, the Raja Permaisuri Agong has no stipulated role in the Constitution of Malaysia. She accompanies the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to official functions and state visits, as well as hosting visiting heads of state and their spouses. Article 34 of the Malaysian Constitution forbids the Raja Permaisuri Agong from holding any appointment, carrying any remuneration, or actively engaging in any commercial enterprise. The Raja Permaisuri Agong is, however, legally entitled to an annual payment which is included in the Civil List of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

Previous holders of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong whose husbands are deceased receive a pension from the Federal Government's Civil List. They also take precedence immediately after the reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the current Raja Permaisuri Agong, the reigning monarchs of royal states, and the Yang di-Pertua Negeri of non-royal states.

List of Raja Permaisuri Agong[edit]

The following consorts have served as Raja Permaisuri Agong:

No. Name State Reign Birth Death Yang di-Pertuan Agong
1 Tunku Kurshiah binti Almarhum Tunku Besar Burhanuddin  Negeri Sembilan 31 August 1957 – 1 April 1960 16 May 1911 2 February 1999 Tuanku Abdul Rahman
2 Raja Jema'ah binti Almarhum Raja Ahmad  Selangor 14 April 1960 – 1 September 1960 16 May 1911 8 April 1973 Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah
3 Tengku Budriah binti Tengku Ismail  Perlis 21 September 1960 – 20 September 1965 18 March 1924 28 November 2008 Tuanku Syed Putra
4 Tengku Intan Zaharah binti Tengku Omar  Terengganu 21 September 1965 – 20 September 1970 13 April 1928 24 January 2015 Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
5 Tuanku Bahiyah binti Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman  Kedah 21 September 1970 – 20 September 1975 24 August 1930 26 August 2003 Tuanku Abdul Halim
6 Tengku Zainab II binti Tengku Muhammad Petra  Kelantan 21 September 1975 – 29 March 1979 7 August 1917 10 January 1993 Sultan Yahya Petra
7 Tengku Hajjah Afzan binti Tengku Panglima Perang Muhammad  Pahang 29 March 1979 – 25 April 1984 4 December 1935 29 June 1988 Sultan Ahmad Shah Al-Mustain Billah
8 Tunku Zanariah binti Tengku Panglima Raja Ahmad  Johor 26 April 1984 – 25 April 1989 5 July 1940 Sultan Iskandar
9 Tuanku Bainun binti Mohamad Ali  Perak 26 April 1989 – 25 April 1994 7 November 1933 Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah
10 Tuanku Najihah binti Almarhum Tunku Besar Burhanuddin  Negeri Sembilan 26 April 1994 – 25 April 1999 11 September 1924 Tuanku Ja'afar
11 Tuanku Siti Aishah binti Abdul Rahman  Selangor 26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001 18 November 1971 Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz
12 Tuanku Fauziah binti Almarhum Tengku Abdul Rashid  Perlis 13 December 2001 – 12 December 2006 6 June 1946 Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
13 Tuanku Nur Zahirah (Rozita binti Adil Bakeri)  Terengganu 13 December 2006 – 12 December 2011 7 December 1973 Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin
14 Tuanku Hajah Haminah binti Hamidun  Kedah 13 December 2011 – 12 December 2016 15 July 1953 Tuanku Abdul Halim1
1.^ Tuanku Abdul Halim is the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong to reign twice.[1] Sultanah Haminah has been his second wife since 1975.


  1. ^ Bernama (14 October 2011). "Kedah Sultan To Be Next King, For The Second Time". Retrieved 14 October 2011. 

See also[edit]