Raja Permaisuri Agong

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Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia
راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ
Federal
Standard of the Raja Permaisuri Agong.svg
Incumbent
Tunku Azizah of Pahang (cropped) 4.jpg
Her Majesty Raja Permaisuri Agong XVI
Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah
since 31 January 2019
Details
StyleHer Majesty
ResidenceIstana Negara, Jalan Tuanku Abdul Halim
as official residence
WebsiteKeeper of the Rulers’ Seal Office

Raja Permaisuri Agong (Jawi: راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ; full title: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong; سري ڤدوک بݢيندا راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ, literally The Supreme Lady Queen) is the title given to the consort of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the elected, constitutional head of state of Malaysia.

Title[edit]

The full style and title in Malay is Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong.

Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia literally means Under the dust of the Almighty referring to how the Raja Permaisuri Agong's power and prestige is dust compared to God's power and the ruler and his consort is always subservient to God and never above and beyond God.

Seri Paduka Baginda refers to Seri as in a person. Paduka means victorious and the term Baginda is in Malay for a royal in the third person.

Raja Permaisuri Agong in literal English is "The Supreme Lady Queen". It is an archaic equivalent to Raja where the female is a Raja Permaisuri and "Agong" (or Agung in standard Malay) means "supreme". The term Agong is not translated, as in the Constitution of Malaysia.

Common English terms used in the media and by the general public include "Queen", "Supreme Queen" and "Paramount Consort".

Terminology and precedence[edit]

As the title "Yang di-Pertuan Agong" is commonly glossed as "King" in English, the title "Raja Permaisuri Agong" is commonly translated to "Queen", and in English the bearer is thus referred to as "Her Majesty" and addressed as "Your Majesty".[1] The Malay word permaisuri is derived from Sanskrit परमेश्वरी (parameśvarī), 'supreme lady'.

The Raja Permaisuri Agong immediately follows her husband, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, in the Malaysian order of precedence.

Status, functions, and privileges[edit]

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected (de facto rotated) every five years among the nine hereditary rulers of the states of Malaysia. When a ruler is elected as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, his consort automatically becomes the Raja Permaisuri Agong. In effect, the holder of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong changes every five years, though it could happen earlier due to the death or resignation of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

Like many spouses of heads of state, the Raja Permaisuri Agong has no stipulated role in the Constitution of Malaysia. She accompanies the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to official functions and state visits, as well as hosting visiting heads of state and their spouses. Article 34 of the Malaysian Constitution forbids the Raja Permaisuri Agong from holding any appointment, carrying any remuneration, or actively engaging in any commercial enterprise. The Raja Permaisuri Agong is, however, legally entitled to an annual payment which is included in the Civil List of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.[2]

Previous holders of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong whose husbands are deceased receive a pension from the Federal Government's Civil List. They also take precedence immediately after the reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the current Raja Permaisuri Agong, the reigning monarchs of royal states, and the Yang di-Pertua Negeri of non-royal states.

List of Raja Permaisuri Agong[edit]

The following consorts have served as Raja Permaisuri Agong: [a]

Number Name State Reign Start[3] Reign Ended Yang di-Pertuan Agong
1 (I) Tunku Kurshiah  Negeri Sembilan 31 August 1957 1 April 1960 Tuanku Abdul Rahman
2 (II) Raja Jema'ah  Selangor 14 April 1960 1 September 1960 Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah
3 (III) Tengku Budriah  Perlis 21 September 1960 20 September 1965 Tuanku Syed Putra
4 (IV) Tengku Intan Zaharah  Terengganu 21 September 1965 20 September 1970 Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
5 (V) Tunku Bahiyah  Kedah 21 September 1970 20 September 1975 Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah
6 (VI) Tengku Zainab  Kelantan 21 September 1975 29 March 1979 Sultan Yahya Petra
7 (VII) Tengku Hajjah Afzan  Pahang 26 April 1979 25 April 1984 Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah
8 (VIII) Tengku Zanariah  Johor 26 April 1984 25 April 1989 Sultan Iskandar
9 (IX) Tuanku Bainun  Perak 26 April 1989 25 April 1994 Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah
10 (X) Tunku Najihah  Negeri Sembilan 26 April 1994 25 April 1999 Tuanku Ja’afar
11 (XI) Tuanku Siti Aishah  Selangor 26 April 1999 21 November 2001 Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz
12 (XII) Tengku Fauziah  Perlis 13 December 2001 12 December 2006 Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
13 (XIII) Tuanku Nur Zahirah  Terengganu 13 December 2006 12 December 2011 Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
14 (XIV) Tuanku Hajah Haminah  Kedah 13 December 2011 12 December 2016 Sultan Abdul Halim of Kedah1
15 (XV) 2  Kelantan Sultan Muhammad V
16 (XVI) Tunku Azizah Aminah  Pahang 31 January 2019 Incumbent Sultan Abdullah of Pahang
1.^ Tuanku Abdul Halim was the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong to reign twice.[4] Sultanah Haminah was his second wife from 1975 to his death.
2.^ Sultan Muhammad V reigned without a consort as he is divorced from his first wife. Shortly before his abdication in January 2019, it was reported that Muhammad V had married Oksana Voevodina, however the marriage was not officially acknowledged and Voevodina was not recognized as his consort.[5][6]

List of Raja Permaisuri Agong by Age[edit]

Tunku Najihah is the eldest living former Raja Permaisuri Agong and she also holds the distinction as the longest lived Raja Permaisuri Agong since 24 May 2008 when she surpassed the age of Tunku Kurshiah who died on 2 February 1999 at the age of 87 years and 262 days.

Rank Name State Birth Death
Age
1 Tunku Najihah  Negeri Sembilan 1 Sep 1924 Alive
96 years, 294 days
2 Tuanku Bainun  Perak 7 Nov 1932[7] Alive
88 years, 227 days
3 Tunku Kurshiah  Negeri Sembilan 16 May 1911[8] 2 Feb 1999[9]
87 years, 262 days
4 Tengku Intan Zaharah  Terengganu 13 Apr 1928[10] 24 Jan 2015[11]
86 years, 286 days
5 Tengku Budriah  Perlis 28 Mar 1924[12] 28 Nov 2008[13]
83 years, 274 days
6 Tengku Zanariah  Johor 5 Jul 1940[14] 17 Mar 2019[15]
78 years, 255 days
7 Tengku Zainab  Kelantan 7 Aug 1917[16] 10 Jan 1993[16]
75 years, 156 days
8 Tengku Fauziah  Perlis 6 Jun 1946[17] Alive
75 years, 16 days
9 Tunku Bahiyah  Kedah 24 Aug 1930[18] 26 Aug 2003[19]
73 years, 5 days
10 Raja Jema'ah  Selangor 1900[20] 8 Apr 1973[21]
72 years, 361 days to 73 years, 7 days
11 Tuanku Hajah Haminah  Kedah 15 Jul 1953[22] Alive
67 years, 342 days
12 Tunku Azizah Aminah  Pahang 5 Aug 1960[23] Alive
60 years, 321 days
13 Tengku Hajjah Afzan  Pahang 4 Dec 1933[24] 28 Jun 1988[25]
54 years, 206 days
14 Tuanku Siti Aishah  Selangor 18 Nov 1971[26] Alive
49 years, 216 days
15 Tuanku Nur Zahirah  Terengganu 7 Dec 1973[27] Alive
47 years, 197 days

The most-recent deceased form our Raja Permaisuri Agong is Tunku Zanariah of  Johor at the age of 78 years and 255 days on 17 March 2019, She was the 8th Raja Permaisuri Agong (1984–1989), her husband was Sultan Iskandar (8 April 1932 – 22 January 2010), the 8th Yang di Pertuan Agong (1984–1989) and Sultan of  Johor (11 May 1981 – 22 January 2010).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Her Majesty Raja Permaisuri Agong". Government of Malaysia Official Gateway. Archived from the original on 2 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Act 269 - Civil List Act 1982" (PDF). Attorney-General Chamber. AGC Malaysia. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Senarai Raja Permaisuri Agong". majlisraja-raja.gov.my. Pejabat Penyimpan Mohor Besar Raja-Raja. Archived from the original on 7 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  4. ^ Bernama (14 October 2011). "Kedah Sultan To Be Next King, For The Second Time". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
  5. ^ "Has former Miss Moscow Oksana Voevodina married Malaysia's king Sultan Muhammad V?", Business Insider, 3 December 2018, archived from the original on 23 July 2019, retrieved 25 July 2019 – via South China Morning Post
  6. ^ "Mahathir says can't confirm if Malaysian King has married, as widely reported on social media". The Straits Times. 30 November 2018. Archived from the original on 3 January 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  7. ^ Iskandar Zulqarnain (18 April 2019). "Tuanku Bainun dari guru ke Raja Permaisuri Perak". Orang Perak. Archived from the original on 12 July 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  8. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong I". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
  9. ^ Farahi Kamaruddin. "Tunku Puan Besar Kurshiah Permaisuri Penuh Bakti". The Patriots Asia. Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  10. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong IV". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
  11. ^ BERNAMA (24 January 2015). "Tengku Ampuan Intan Zaharah mangkat, Terengganu berkabung 40 hari". Astro Awani. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  12. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong III". Malaysian Monarchy. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2006.
  13. ^ "Raja Perempuan Besar Perlis dies". The Star (Malaysia). 28 November 2008. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  14. ^ Ain Najhan (18 March 2019). "Mengenang Almarhum Tengku Puan Zanariah". Astro Awani. Archived from the original on 3 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Bonda Tiri Sultan Johor mangkat". Berita Harian. 18 March 2019. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  16. ^ a b Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong VI". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
  17. ^ Perlis State Government. "DYMM Tengku Fauziah - Simbol kemesraan rakyat Perlis". perlisroyalty.perlis.gov.my. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  18. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong V". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
  19. ^ "Royal News — August 2003". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2006.
  20. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong II". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
  21. ^ Selangor State Government. "Penerima Darjah Kebesaran 1973 DK". awards.selangor.gov.my. Archived from the original on 4 January 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  22. ^ "Kedah's new Sultanah crowned". The Star (Malaysia). 10 January 2004. Archived from the original on 2 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  23. ^ Bernama (29 January 2019). "Biodata Tengku Ampuan Pahang kelima". Berita Harian. Archived from the original on 2 June 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  24. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong VII". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
  25. ^ BERNAMA (23 May 2019). "Almarhum Sultan Ahmad Shah selamat disemadikan". Astro Awani. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  26. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong XI". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
  27. ^ K. Suthakar (26 April 2007). "Kind, gentle Queen". The Star (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 2 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
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See also[edit]