Raja Permaisuri Agong
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|Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia|
|راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ|
since 13 December 2016
Malay: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda
|Residence||Istana Negara, Jalan Duta|
as official residence
|Website||Keeper of the Rulers’ Seal Office|
Raja Permaisuri Agong (Jawi: راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ; full title: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong; سري ڤدوک بݢيندا راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ) is the title given to the consort of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the elected, constitutional head of state of Malaysia.
Terminology and precedence
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As the title "Yang di-Pertuan Agong" is commonly glossed as "King" in English, the title "Raja Permaisuri Agong" is commonly translated to "Queen", and in English the bearer is thus referred to as "Her Majesty" and addressed as "Your Majesty". The Malay word permaisuri is derived from Tamil பரமேஸ்வரி (paramēsvari), from Sanskrit परमेश्वरी (parameśvarī), 'supreme lady'.
The Raja Permaisuri Agong immediately follows her husband, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, in the Malaysian order of precedence.
Status, functions, and privileges
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected (de facto rotated) every five years among the nine hereditary rulers of the states of Malaysia. When a ruler is elected as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, his consort automatically becomes the Raja Permaisuri Agong. In effect, the holder of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong changes every five years, though it could happen earlier due to the death or resignation of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
Like many spouses of heads of state, the Raja Permaisuri Agong has no stipulated role in the Constitution of Malaysia. She accompanies the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to official functions and state visits, as well as hosting visiting heads of state and their spouses. Article 34 of the Malaysian Constitution forbids the Raja Permaisuri Agong from holding any appointment, carrying any remuneration, or actively engaging in any commercial enterprise. The Raja Permaisuri Agong is, however, legally entitled to an annual payment which is included in the Civil List of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
Previous holders of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong whose husbands are deceased receive a pension from the Federal Government's Civil List. They also take precedence immediately after the reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the current Raja Permaisuri Agong, the reigning monarchs of royal states, and the Yang di-Pertua Negeri of non-royal states.
List of Raja Permaisuri Agong
The following consorts have served as Raja Permaisuri Agong:
- 1.^ Tuanku Abdul Halim is the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong to reign twice. Sultanah Haminah has been his second wife since 1975.
Living former Raja Permaisuri Agong
|Name||State||Reign||Birth||Yang di-Pertuan Agong||Remarks|
|Tunku Zanariah||Johor||1984–1989||5 July 1940||Iskandar of Johor||Her current title is Her Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tunku Puan Zanariah|
|Tuanku Bainun||Perak||1989-1994||7 November 1933||Azlan Shah of Perak||Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Dowager Raja Permaisuri of Perak|
|Tuanku Najihah||Negeri Sembilan||1994-1999||11 September 1924||Ja'afar of Negeri Sembilan||Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Dowager Tunku Ampuan of Negeri Sembilan|
|Tuanku Siti Aishah||Selangor||1999-2001||18 November 1971||Salahuddin of Selangor||Her current title is Her Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Permaisuri Siti Aishah, The Former Tengku Permaisuri of Selangor|
|Tuanku Fauziah||Perlis||2001-2006||6 June 1946||Sirajuddin of Perlis||Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Duli Yang Maha Mulia) The Queen (Raja Perempuan) Perlis|
|Sultanah Nur Zahirah||Terengganu||2006-2011||7 December 1973||Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu||Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) The Sultanah of Terengganu|
|Tuanku Haminah||Kedah||2011-2016||15 July 1953||Abdul Halim of Kedah||Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Che Puan Besar of Kedah|
The most recent deceased former Raja Permaisuri Agong is Tengku Intan Zaharah of Terengganu (13 April 1928-14 January 2015), the 4th Raja Permaisuri Agong (tenure 1965-1975), her husband is Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin (24 January 1907-20 September 1979), the 4th Yang di Pertuan Agong (tenure 1965-1970) and Sultan of Terengganu (16 December 1945-20 September 1979).
- Bernama (14 October 2011). "Kedah Sultan To Be Next King, For The Second Time". Retrieved 14 October 2011.