Raja Permaisuri Agong

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Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia
راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ
Federal
Standard of the Raja Permaisuri Agong.svg
Incumbent
Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah
since 31 January 2019
Details
StyleHer Majesty
ResidenceIstana Negara, Jalan Duta
as official residence
WebsiteKeeper of the Rulers’ Seal Office

Raja Permaisuri Agong (Jawi: راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ; full title: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong; سري ڤدوک بݢيندا راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ (literally The Supreme Lady Queen) is the title given to the consort of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the elected, constitutional head of state of Malaysia.

Title[edit]

The full style and title in Malay is Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong.

Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia literally means Under the dust of the Almighty referring to how the Raja Permaisuri Agong's power and prestige is dust compared to God's power and the ruler and his consort is always subservient to God and never above and beyond God.

Seri Paduka Baginda refers to Seri as in a person. Paduka means victorious and the term Baginda is in Malay for a royal in the third person.

Raja Permaisuri Agong in literal English is "The Supreme Lady Queen". It is an archaic equivalent to Raja where the female is a Raja Permaisuri and "Agong" (or Agung in standard Malay) means "supreme". The term Agong is not translated, as in the Constitution of Malaysia.

Common English terms used in the media and by the general public include "Queen", "Supreme Queen" and "Paramount Consort".

Terminology and precedence[edit]

As the title "Yang di-Pertuan Agong" is commonly glossed as "King" in English, the title "Raja Permaisuri Agong" is commonly translated to "Queen", and in English the bearer is thus referred to as "Her Majesty" and addressed as "Your Majesty".[1] The Malay word permaisuri is derived from Sanskrit परमेश्वरी (parameśvarī), 'supreme lady'.

The Raja Permaisuri Agong immediately follows her husband, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, in the Malaysian order of precedence.

Status, functions, and privileges[edit]

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected (de facto rotated) every five years among the nine hereditary rulers of the states of Malaysia. When a ruler is elected as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, his consort automatically becomes the Raja Permaisuri Agong. In effect, the holder of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong changes every five years, though it could happen earlier due to the death or resignation of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

Like many spouses of heads of state, the Raja Permaisuri Agong has no stipulated role in the Constitution of Malaysia. She accompanies the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to official functions and state visits, as well as hosting visiting heads of state and their spouses. Article 34 of the Malaysian Constitution forbids the Raja Permaisuri Agong from holding any appointment, carrying any remuneration, or actively engaging in any commercial enterprise. The Raja Permaisuri Agong is, however, legally entitled to an annual payment which is included in the Civil List of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.[2]

Previous holders of the title of Raja Permaisuri Agong whose husbands are deceased receive a pension from the Federal Government's Civil List. They also take precedence immediately after the reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the current Raja Permaisuri Agong, the reigning monarchs of royal states, and the Yang di-Pertua Negeri of non-royal states.

List of Raja Permaisuri Agong[edit]

The following consorts have served as Raja Permaisuri Agong:

Number Name State Reign[3] Birth Death Yang di-Pertuan Agong
1 (I) Tunku Kurshiah binti Almarhum Tunku Besar Burhanuddin  Negeri Sembilan 31 August 1957 – 1 April 1960 (1911-05-16)16 May 1911[4] 2 February 1999(1999-02-02) (aged 87)[5] Tuanku Abdul Rahman
2 (II) Raja Jema'ah binti Almarhum Raja Ahmad  Selangor 14 April 1960 – 1 September 1960 1900[6] 8 April 1973 (aged 72–73)[7] Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah
3 (III) Tengku Budriah binti Tengku Ismail  Perlis 21 September 1960 – 20 September 1965 (1924-03-28)28 March 1924[8] 28 November 2008(2008-11-28) (aged 84)[9] Tuanku Syed Putra
4 (IV) Tengku Intan Zaharah binti Tengku Hitam Omar  Terengganu 21 September 1965 – 20 September 1970 (1928-04-13)13 April 1928[10] 24 January 2015(2015-01-24) (aged 86)[11] Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
5 (V) Tunku Bahiyah binti Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman  Kedah 21 September 1970 – 20 September 1975 (1930-08-24)24 August 1930[12] 26 August 2003(2003-08-26) (aged 73)[13] Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah
6 (VI) Tengku Zainab binti Tengku Muhammad Petra  Kelantan 21 September 1975 – 29 March 1979 (1917-08-07)7 August 1917[14] 10 January 1993(1993-01-10) (aged 75)[14] Sultan Yahya Petra
7 (VII) Tengku Hajjah Afzan binti Tengku Panglima Perang Muhammad  Pahang 26 April 1979 – 25 April 1984 (1933-12-04)4 December 1933[15] 29 June 1988(1988-06-29) (aged 55)[16] Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah
8 (VII) Tunku Zanariah binti Tengku Panglima Raja Ahmad  Johor 26 April 1984 – 25 April 1989 (1940-07-05)5 July 1940[17] 17 March 2019(2019-03-17) (aged 78)[18] Sultan Iskandar
9 (IX) Tuanku Bainun binti Mohamad Ali  Perak 26 April 1989 – 25 April 1994 (1932-11-07) 7 November 1932 (age 86)[19] Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah
10 (X) Tunku Najihah binti Almarhum Tunku Besar Burhanuddin  Negeri Sembilan 26 April 1994 – 25 April 1999 (1923-09-01) 1 September 1923 (age 96) Tuanku Ja’afar
11 (XI) Tuanku Siti Aishah binti Abdul Rahman  Selangor 26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001 (1971-11-18) 18 November 1971 (age 47)[20] Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz
12 (XII) Tengku Fauziah binti Almarhum Tengku Abdul Rashid  Perlis 13 December 2001 – 12 December 2006 (1946-06-06) 6 June 1946 (age 73)[21] Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
13 (XIII) Tuanku Nur Zahirah (Rozita binti Adil Bakeri)  Terengganu 13 December 2006 – 12 December 2011 (1973-12-07) 7 December 1973 (age 45)[22] Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
14 (XIV) Tuanku Hajah Haminah binti Hamidun  Kedah 13 December 2011 – 12 December 2016 (1953-07-15) 15 July 1953 (age 66)[23] Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah1
15 (XV) Vacant2  Kelantan Sultan Muhammad V
16 (XVI) Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah binti Almarhum Sultan Iskandar  Pahang 31 January 2019 – present (1960-08-05) 5 August 1960 (age 59)[24] Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah
1.^ Tuanku Abdul Halim was the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong to reign twice.[25] Sultanah Haminah was his second wife from 1975 to his death.
2.^ Sultan Muhammad V reigned without a consort as he is divorced from his first wife. Shortly before his abdication in January 2019, it was reported that Muhammad V had married Oksana Voevodina, however the marriage was not officially acknowledged and Voevodina was not recognized as his consort.[26][27]

Living former Raja Permaisuri Agong[edit]

Name State Reign Birth Yang di-Pertuan Agong Remarks
Tuanku Bainun  Perak 1989–1994 (1932-11-07) 7 November 1932 (age 86) Azlan Shah of Perak Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Dowager Raja Permaisuri of Perak
Tuanku Najihah  Negeri Sembilan 1994–1999 (1923-09-01) 1 September 1923 (age 96) Ja’afar of Negeri Sembilan Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Tunku Ampuan of Negeri Sembilan
Tuanku Siti Aishah  Selangor 1999–2001 (1971-11-18) 18 November 1971 (age 47) Salahuddin of Selangor Her current title is Her Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Permaisuri Siti Aishah, The Dowager Tengku Permaisuri of Selangor
Tuanku Fauziah  Perlis 2001–2006 (1946-06-06) 6 June 1946 (age 73) Sirajuddin of Perlis Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Duli Yang Maha Mulia) The Queen (Raja Perempuan) Perlis
Sultanah Nur Zahirah  Terengganu 2006–2011 (1973-12-07) 7 December 1973 (age 45) Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) The Sultanah of Terengganu
Tuanku Haminah  Kedah 2011–2016 (1953-07-15) 15 July 1953 (age 66) Abdul Halim of Kedah Her current title is Her Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) The Che Puan Besar of Kedah

The most-recent deceased former Raja Permaisuri Agong is Tunku Zanariah of  Johor 17 March 2019(2019-03-17) (aged 78), the 8th Raja Permaisuri Agong (1984–1989), her husband is Sultan Iskandar (8 April 1932 – 22 January 2010), the 8th Yang di Pertuan Agong (1984–1989) and Sultan of  Johor (11 May 1981 – 22 January 2010).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Her Majesty Raja Permaisuri Agong". Government of Malaysia Official Gateway. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Act 269 - Civil List Act 1982" (PDF). Attorney-General Chamber. AGC Malaysia. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Senarai Raja Permaisuri Agong". majlisraja-raja.gov.my. Pejabat Penyimpan Mohor Besar Raja-Raja. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  4. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong I". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
  5. ^ Farahi Kamaruddin. "Tunku Puan Besar Kurshiah Permaisuri Penuh Bakti". www.thepatriots.asia. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  6. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong II". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
  7. ^ Selangor State Government. "Penerima Darjah Kebesaran 1973 DK". awards.selangor.gov.my. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  8. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong III". Malaysian Monarchy. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2006.
  9. ^ "Raja Perempuan Besar Perlis dies". The Star (Malaysia). 28 November 2008. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong IV". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
  11. ^ BERNAMA (24 January 2015). "Tengku Ampuan Intan Zaharah mangkat, Terengganu berkabung 40 hari". Astro Awani. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  12. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong V". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
  13. ^ "Royal News — August 2003". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2006. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. ^ a b Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong VI". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
  15. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong VII". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
  16. ^ BERNAMA (23 May 2019). "Almarhum Sultan Ahmad Shah selamat disemadikan". Astro Awani. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  17. ^ Ain Najhan (18 March 2019). "Mengenang Almarhum Tengku Puan Zanariah". Astro Awani. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  18. ^ "Bonda Tiri Sultan Johor mangkat". Berita Harian. 18 March 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  19. ^ Iskandar Zulqarnain (18 April 2019). "Tuanku Bainun dari guru ke Raja Permaisuri Perak". orangperak.com. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  20. ^ Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (2003). "Yang di-Pertuan Agong XI". malaysianmonarchy.org.my. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
  21. ^ Perlis State Government. "DYMM Tengku Fauziah - Simbol kemesraan rakyat Perlis". perlisroyalty.perlis.gov.my. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  22. ^ K. Suthakar (26 April 2007). "Kind, gentle Queen". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  23. ^ "Kedah's new Sultanah crowned". The Star (Malaysia). 10 January 2004. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  24. ^ Bernama (29 January 2019). "Biodata Tengku Ampuan Pahang kelima". Berita Harian. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  25. ^ Bernama (14 October 2011). "Kedah Sultan To Be Next King, For The Second Time". Retrieved 14 October 2011.
  26. ^ "Has former Miss Moscow Oksana Voevodina married Malaysia's king Sultan Muhammad V?", Business Insider, 3 December 2018 – via South China Morning Post Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  27. ^ "Mahathir says can't confirm if Malaysian King has married, as widely reported on social media". The Straits Times. 30 November 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2019.

See also[edit]