Rajasthani Muslims

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Rajasthani Muslim
Regions with significant populations
India • Pakistan • United Kingdom • Canada
Allah-green.svg Sunni Muslim
Related ethnic groups
Rajasthani peopleSindhiMuhajirsArabsPersiansPakistani peoplePashtunsJatsKhoja Lohanas

The term Rajasthani Muslims is usually used to signify Muslims from the state of Rajasthan in the north-western part of India and speak Hindi, Urdu and Sindhi languages.[1]

Indian Muslims like all other Muslims practice the basic tenets of Islam including Namaaz and fasting in Ramazan. Rajasthani Muslims are also punctual of Ramadan and giving Zakat (charity given to poor) and Hajj pilgrimage.

Spread of Islam in Rajasthan[edit]

The one of the first Muslim Sufi missionary Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti came to Rajasthan in 1072 CE and settled in Ajmer. Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti is also popularly known by his title "Ghareeb Nawaz" (friend of the poor). Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti is one of the most influential Sufi in India and is credited with spreading of Islam in South Asia (present day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh).

When Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti reached India, he found the local society to be poisoned by untouchability. So he decided to organize a langar (public eating of food together irrespective of status, sex, religion and caste). This langar brought people into influence of Islam and its strict stand against untouchability.[citation needed]

Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti is buried at the Dargah of Khawaaza Moiunddin Chisti which is his mausoleum (Roza Shareef) in Rajasthani city of Ajmer. The city where he preached Islam all his whole life.[citation needed]

Role of Muslims in society[edit]

Rajasthani Muslims are very prominent in industry and medium-sized businesses. Many members of this community migrated to Pakistan in 1947 and have settled in Sindh.[citation needed]

Demography of Muslims[edit]

According to the Indian census of 2011,[2] there were 6,215,377 Muslims in Rajasthan, constituting 9.1% of the state's population.


There are numerous masjids or mosques in Rajasthan:

  • Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra mosque, Ajmer
  • Raza Masjid, Basni, Nagaur
  • Osmania Masjid, Bhilwara
  • Sandali Masjid, Ajmer
  • Kagzi Jama Masjid, Kagzi Colony, Jaipur
  • Jama Masjid, Johari Bazaar, Jaipur
  • Noor Masjid, Sodala, Jaipur
  • Haizam Faroshan Masjid, Ashok Nagar, Jaipur
  • Library Masjid, Jaipur
  • Masjid-E-Gousia Nooriya (Badi Masjid, Savina, Udaipur)
  • hussain masjid dholibawdi udaipur


Rajasthan has numerous walis / Sufi saints. The burial place of these saints are known as dargah or roza where Muslim masses pay visit and perform ziyarat by offering namaaz, reciting and reading Quran Shareef and offering fatiha.

Dargahs in Rajasthan include

  • Dargah khawaja Moinuddin Chishti (Garib Nawaz), Ajmer
  • Dargah khwaza Fakhruddin Chishti, Sarwar
  • Dargah Hisamuddin Chishti, Sambhar lake
  • Dargah Fakhruddin shareef, Galiyakot
  • Dargah Hazrat Diwan e shah, Kapasan
  • Dargah Mastaan Shah Baba
  • Dargah sheikh Mohammad durvaish, Motidungri

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 'Demography along Pakistan border changing'"BSF
  2. ^ "Population by religion community – 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.