View of old Jhula Bridge at Medina Colony,Rajouri.
|State||Jammu and Kashmir|
|• Type||Municipal Council|
|• Body||Rajauri Municipal Council|
|Elevation||915 m (3,002 ft)|
|• Total||41,552 (Including Kheora and Jawahar Nagar), 6,42,415 (in Rajouri district)|
|• Official||Urdu, Gojri, Dogri|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Rajauri or Rajouri (rəˈʤɔ:rɪ) (Hindi: राजौरी) is a town and a municipal council in Rajouri district in Jammu and Kashmir. Rajauri is about 130 kilometres (81 mi) from Jammu city on the Poonch Highway. Rajauri is known as the Vale of Lakes as there are many lakes around the city. Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University is based in the town.
Rajouri is a district in the Jammu & Kashmir State of India. Total area of Rajouri is 2,630 km² including 2,608.11 km² rural area and 21.89 km² urban area. Rajouri has a population of 6,42,415 peoples. There are 1,30,401 houses in the district.
The Rajouri district is further divided in to Blocks/Tehsils for administrative purposes which you can browse from tehsils list below.
List of Tehsils in Rajouri
1. Budhal 2. Darhal 3. Kalakote 4. Nowshehra 5. Rajauri 6. Sunderbani 7. Thanamandi 8.manjakote
Population of Rajouri
Population Type Male Population Female Population Total Population Rural 3,10,748 2,79,353 5,90,101 Urban 34,603 17,711 52,314 Total 3,45,351 2,97,064 6,42,415 Households in Rajouri
Rural Households Urban Households Total Households 1,22,645 7,756 1,30,401
Rajouri saw some of the toughest fighting during Pakistani intervention in Kashmir during Operation Gibraltar. The town was initially captured from the Indian Army by undercover Pakistani commandos with the aid of local Mujahideen but the wider operation failed and, with all-out war with India looming, Pakistan withdrew it's troops. Major Malik Munawar Khan Awan, a Pakistani commando officer who led the attack on Rajouri on the night of 6 August 1965, was later entitled with the name "King of Rajouri" by the Government of Pakistan..
Rajouri district was a region of immense significance in ancient times. In the Mahabharata there was a kingdom known as Panchal Desa. The king of this State was Panchal Naresh whose daughter Draupadi was married to the Pandavas. The Historians identify Panchalya Desha as the area in Panchal range of mountains. Rajouri was also a part of this kingdom of Panchal Naresh. The region was then known as Rajapuri - 'the land of Kings'. It finds its mention in the travel account of Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang who visited the town in 632 A.D. and described it as a part of Kashmiri territory. Still earlier in the Buddhist period, Rajouri formed a part of Gandhar territory (Afghanistan, Gandhar and Tashkent) and later was incorporated in the province called Darabhisanga which comprised the hilly stretch from Poonch to Kashmir. Those days Laharkote in Poonch district and Rajouri had emerged as two influential states of the area.
Ancient History of Rajouri District According to some historians, second branch of Aryan emigrants crossed Himalayas in the north and west and settled in Rajouri and Poonch area. Rajouri, Bhimber and Naushera were integrated within the territory of Abhisar, which was one of the hill states of the Punjab Kingdom. Early records of incomplete nature show that in the 4th century B.C., there existed in the north west of India a federal type of political set up in which Abhisar with its capital Rajouri was also incorporated. At the time of Alexander's invasion, Rajouri was at the summit of its splendour. In the Mauryan period, the town of Rajouri was a great trade centre.
Medieval History of Rajouri District During the Mughal rule, the rulers of Rajouri have embraced Islam though they retained the title of Raja. Albaurni visited Rajouri with Sultan Masud (Son of Sultan Mahmud) in 1036 A.D. In his book "India" he wrote name of Rajouri as Raja Vari. Srivar, the writer of 'Raj Tirangini' written during the administration of Sultan Zain-Ul-Abdin, also named this area as Raja Vari. It is believed that Raja Vari is the changed shape of Rajapuri. Mirza Zafarulla Khan, the writer of 'Tarikh Rajgan-E-Rajour' illustrated in his book that this place was in the beginning known as Raj-Avar and then altered from Rajour to Rajouri. But the old people in the villages still label the place as Rajour. With the course of time the name changed from Raja's Raj Avar to Raja Puri, Rajpuri to Raj Vari, Raj Vari to Raj Vara, Raj Vara to Raj Avar, Raj Avar to Rajour and then Rajour to Rajouri. As per Rajtirangini of Kalhan, Rajouri emerged as principality in about 1003 A.D. The first ruler of this kingdom was Raja Prithvi Paul. From 1033 A.D. to 1194 A.D. Raja Prithvi Paul defeated Pir Panchal Pass at the time of incursion of Sultan Mehmud in1021 A.D. Raja Sangram Paul safeguarded his Principality Rajouri when Raja Harash of Kashmir assaulted his country in 1089 A.D. Sangram Paul fought so courageously that Raja Harash was obliged to return from Prithvi Paul fort without capturing Rajouri. Jaral Muslim Rajas rebuilt Rajouri city at the time of their rule. Number of Fort, Sarai, Mosque and Baradaries were constructed with the help of Mughals, on Mughal road.
Modern History of Rajouri District The area of Rajouri principality included proper Rajouri, Thanna, Bagla Azim Garh, Behrote, Chingus, Darhal, Nagrota and Phalyana etc. After taking the charge of Rajouri from Raja Faqir Ullah in 1846, Maharaja Gulab Singh changed the name of Rajouri to Rampur. He appointed Mian Hathu as Governor of Rajouri. Mian Hathu remained in Rajouri up to 1846 A.D. He constructed a stunning temple in between Thanna Nallah in close proximity to Rajouri city. He also built Rajouri Fort at Dhannidhar village. After Mian Hathu, Rajouri was transformed into a Tehsil and affiliated with Bhimber District. In 1904 A.D., this Tehsil was bifurcated from Bhimber and affiliated with Reasi District. After Independence, Rajouri became part of the newly constituted Poonch-Rajouri District. On 1st January 1968, Rajouri emerged as a new District on the map of the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
prepared by imran nasir & shafeeq bhatti
The climate of Rajauri is somewhat cooler than the other areas of Duggardesh plains. Summers are short and pleasant while sometimes they may be irritating. The summer temperature generally does not exceed 41 degrees. Winters are cool and chilly characterized with rainfall due to western disturbances. Snowfall is scanty but may occur in cool months like that of December 2012. Average rainfall is 769 millimetres (26.3 in) in the wettest months.
At the 2011 census, Rajouri itself had a population of 37,552 while the population within the municipal limits was 41,552. Males constituted 57% of the population and females 43%. Rajouri had an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 75.5%: male literacy was 83% and female literacy was 68%. 12% of the population was under 6 years of age. The people are mostly Gujjars and Paharis.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Rajouri
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Census of India — Administrative divisions". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2011-09-19.