Rangpuri language

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Rangpuri
Rajbangshi
Native toBangladesh, India, Nepal
EthnicityRajbongshi
Native speakers
15 million (2007)[2]
Bengali-Assamese
Official status
Official language in
 India (West Bengal)[4]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
rkt – Kamtapuri/Rangpuri
rjs – Rajbanshi
kyv – Kayort[1]
Glottolograng1265  Rangpuri[5]
rajb1243  Rajbanshi[6]

Rajbangshi, Rangpuri, or Kamatapuri, is a Bengali-Assamese language spoken by the Rajbongshi people in India and Bangladesh, and Rajbanshi and Tajpuria in Nepal. Many are bilingual in either Bengali or Assamese.

Names[edit]

Rangpuri goes by numerous names. In Bangladesh, these include Rangpuri, Kamtapuri, Rajbongshi, and Polia. In India, there is Kamtapuri, Rajbongshi, Rajbanshi, Goalparia, Surjapuri, Koch Rajbanshi. In Nepal it is known as Rajbanshi or Tajpuriya. In Assam it is known as Koch-Rajbongshi and Goalpariya (which is also known as Deshi bhasha). In Bihar it is known as Surjapuri or Rajbanshi.

Dialects[edit]

The main dialects are Western Rajbanshi, Central Rajbanshi, and Eastern Rajbanshi.

The Central dialect has the majority of speakers and is quite uniform. There are publications in this language. The Western dialect has more diversity. Lexical similarity is 77 to 89% between the three dialects. Rajbonshi shares 48 to 55% of its vocabulary with Assamese and Bengali and 43 to 49% with Maithili and Nepali.

Comparison with related languages[edit]

English Kamarupi Rarhi Vangiya
Kamtapuri Assamese Bengali Sylheti
I do Muĩ korong Moe korü̃/korönɡ Ami kori Mui/Ami xori
I am doing Muĩ koria asong Moe kori asü̃/asöng Ami korchi Mui/Ami xoriar/xorram
I did Muĩ korisong Moe korisü̃/korisöng Ami korechi Mui/Ami xor(i)si
I did (perfective) Muĩ korilung Moe korilü̃/korilöng Ami kôrlam Mui/Ami xorlam
I did (distant) Muĩ korisilung Moe korisilü̃/korisilong Ami korechilam Mui/Ami xorsilam
I was doing Muĩ koria asilung Moe kori asilü̃/asilöng Ami korchilam Mui/Ami xorat aslam
I will do Muĩ korim Moe korim Ami korbo Mui/Ami xormu
I will be doing Muĩ koria thakim Moe kori thakim Ami korte thakbo Mui/Ami xorat táxmu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices
  2. ^ Kamtapuri/Rangpuri at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
    Rajbanshi at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
    Kayort[1] at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  3. ^ Toulmin 2006
  4. ^ PTI (28 February 2018). "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi ,Rangpuri make it to list of official languages in Bengal". Outlook India. Archived from the original on 16 April 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  5. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Rangpuri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  6. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Rajbanshi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

References[edit]

External links[edit]