|Service type||Connecting various state capitals with Delhi|
|First service||March 3, 1969|
|Current operator(s)||Indian Railways|
|Class(es)||First Class AC, AC 2-tier, AC 3-tier|
|Catering facilities||On-board catering|
|Observation facilities||Large windows|
|Entertainment facilities||Electric outlets |
|Other facilities||Bedrolls |
Passenger Information System
|Rolling stock||LHB rakes|
|Track gauge||Indian Gauge|
1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
|Operating speed||Maximum 130–140 km/h (81–87 mph)|
|Track owner(s)||Indian Railways|
The Rajdhani Express is a series of express passenger train services in India operated by Indian Railways connecting the national capital New Delhi with the capitals of various states. Rajdhani means "The Capital" in many Indian languages. The Rajdhanis are one of the fastest trains in India along, with Vande Bharat Express being the fastest, Tejas Express, Gatimaan Express, Shatabdi Express and Duronto Express and get the highest priority on the Indian railway network
The first Rajdhani Express was Howrah Rajdhani Express which was introduced on March 3, 1969, that run from Howrah to New Delhi, covering 1,450 km (900 mi) in just 17 hours and 20 minutes. The Rajdhani was the first Fully Air conditioned train in India which was introduced for providing fast connections (up to 180 km/h or 110 mph, speed variation depending upon the particular track section) from New Delhi to the capital cities of various states in India.
Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttrakhand, Haryana and Punjab are the only states without having a Rajdhani express terminating/originating from any of its major cities.
Rajdhani express gets the highest priority on the Indian railway network. They are fully air-conditioned. Passengers are served meals (food price included in the train fare) during the journey. Depending on the duration and timings of the journey, these could include morning tea, breakfast, lunch, high tea and dinner. All Rajdhani Express trains offer three classes of accommodation: AC First Class (FC) with 2-berth and 4-berth coupès (with locking facility for privacy), AC 2-tier (2T) with open bays (4 berths/bay + 2 berths on the other side of the aisle of each bay), provided with curtains for privacy, and AC 3-tier (3T) with open bays (6 berths/bay + 2 berths on the other side of the aisle of each bay) without curtains. Currently there are 24 pairs of trains, connecting New Delhi to important cities across the country. These trains have fewer stops than other express trains and halt only at prominent stations. Recently Dynamic pricing has been introduced on all Rajdhani express trains.
|State||Terminal Station in Delhi Region||Train Name||Train No.||Distance||Average Speed||Inauguration|
|Assam||New Delhi||Dibrugarh Town Rajdhani Express (via Barauni)||12423/12424||2,434 km (1,512 mi)||75 km/h (47 mph)||1996|
|New Delhi||Dibrugarh Town Rajdhani Express (via Hajipur)||20505/20506||2,458 km (1,527 mi)||68 km/h (42 mph)||1999|
|New Delhi||Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express (via Muzzafarpur)||20503/20504||2,452 km (1,524 mi)||68 km/h (42 mph)||2010|
|Bihar||New Delhi||Patna Rajdhani Express||12309/12310||1,002 km (623 mi)||83 km/h (52 mph)||1996|
|Chhattisgarh||New Delhi||Bilaspur Rajdhani||12441/12442||1,501 km (933 mi)||74 km/h (46 mph)||2001|
|Goa||Hazrat Nizamuddin||Madgaon Rajdhani||22413/22414||2,094 km (1,301 mi)||71 km/h (44 mph)||2015|
|Gujarat||New Delhi||Swarna Jayanti Rajdhani||12957/12958||934 km (580 mi)||68 km/h (42 mph)||1998|
|Jammu and Kashmir||New Delhi||Jammu Tawi Rajdhani||12425/12426||582 km (362 mi)||64 km/h (40 mph)||1994|
|Jharkhand||New Delhi||Ranchi Rajdhani (via Bokaro)||20839/20840||1,305 km (811 mi)||74 km/h (46 mph)||2001|
|New Delhi||Ranchi Rajdhani (via Daltonganj)||12453/12454||1,341 km (833 mi)||76 km/h (47 mph)||2006|
|Karnataka||Hazrat Nizamuddin||Bangalore Rajdhani||22691/22692||2,365 km (1,470 mi)||70 km/h (43 mph)||1992|
|Kerala||Hazrat Nizamuddin||Thiruvananthapuram Rajdhani||12431/12432||3,149 km (1,957 mi)||76 km/h (47 mph)||1993|
|Maharashtra||New Delhi||Mumbai Rajdhani||12951/12952||1,384 km (860 mi) km||88 km/h (55 mph)||1972|
|Hazrat Nizamuddin||August Kranti Rajdhani||12953/12954||1,377 km (856 mi)||79 km/h (49 mph)||1992|
|Hazrat Nizamuddin||Bandra Rajdhani||09003/09004||1,367 km (849 mi)||99 km/h (62 mph)||2017|
|Hazrat Nizamuddin||Mumbai CSMT Rajdhani (via Bhopal)||22221/22222||1,535 km (954 mi)||86 km/h (53 mph)||2019|
|Odisha||New Delhi||Bhubaneswar Rajdhani (via Adra)||22811/22812||1,723 km (1,071 mi)||76 km/h (47 mph)||1994|
|New Delhi||Bhubaneswar Rajdhani (via Bokaro)||22823/22824||1,800 km (1,100 mi)||74 km/h (46 mph)||2003|
|New Delhi||Bhubaneswar Rajdhani (via Sambalpur)||20817/20818||1,914 km (1,189 mi)||71 km/h (44 mph)||2018|
|Tamil Nadu||Hazrat Nizamuddin||Chennai Rajdhani||12433/12434||2,175 km (1,351 mi)||77 km/h (48 mph)||1993|
|Telangana||Hazrat Nizamuddin||Secunderabad Rajdhani||12437/12438||1,661 km (1,032 mi)||76 km/h (47 mph)||2002|
|Tripura||Anand Vihar Terminal||Agartala Rajdhani||20501/20502||2,421 km (1,504 mi)||59 km/h (37 mph)||2017|
|West Bengal||New Delhi||Howrah Rajdhani (via Gaya)||12301/12302||1,447 km (899 mi)||85 km/h (53 mph)||1969|
|New Delhi||Howrah Rajdhani (via Patna)||12305/12306||1,530 km (950 mi)||76 km/h (47 mph)|
|New Delhi||Sealdah Rajdhani||12313/12314||1,453 km (903 mi)||82 km/h (51 mph)||2000|
On 25 June 2014, at least four passengers were killed and eight injured when the New Delhi-Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express derailed at Goldin Ganj station near Chapra in suspected sabotage by Maoists. The train was heading towards Dibrugarh.
On the morning of 14th Sept 2017, at around 6.00 a.m. IST, a coach of the New Delhi-Ranchi Rajdhani Express derailed at the New Delhi station. According to railway spokesperson, no one was injured in the incident.
on 10 September 2002. At least 200 people were killed in an accident when the Howrah New Delhi Rajdhani derailed near Rafiguange, which was reportedly due to sabotage by a local Maoist terrorist group, the Naxalites.
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- "Top 10 Highest Priority Trains of Indian Railways Network". WalkthroughIndia.com. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- "Highest Priority Trains of Indian Railways". erail.in. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- "Howrah-New Delhi Rajdhani Express completes glorious 50 yrs in passenger service". India Blooms. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
- "Mumbai-New Delhi Rajdhani Express turns 40". Times of India. 20 May 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- "Rajdhani Express and Duronto Express Trains". MakeMyTrip. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- "List of all Rajdhani Express trains". etrain.info. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- "Rajdhani Express Trains - Railway Enquiry". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
- Rail Budget 1994-95
- Rail Budget 2003-04
- "Rajdhani Express derails near Chhapra in Bihar; Railway suspects 'sabotage'". timesofindia-economictimes. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "Rajdhani Express coach derails at New Delhi Railway Station". timesofindia-indiatimes. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
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