Rajdhani Express

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Rajdhani Express
22691 WAP7 130418.jpg
Rajdhani Express with LHB Coaches
Main Operation(s)India
Fleet size24
Parent companyIndian Railways

The Rajdhani Express is a series of express passenger train services in India operated by Indian Railways connecting the national capital New Delhi with the capital and/or largest cities of various states. Rajdhani means "The Capital" in many Indian languages. The Rajdhanis are among the fastest trains in India along with Tejas Express, Gatimaan Express, Shatabdi Express and Duronto Express and get the highest priority on the Indian railway network.


The first Rajdhani Express was introduced in 1969,[1] for providing fast connections (up to 180 km/h or 110 mph, speed variation depending upon the particular track section) from New Delhi to the capital cities of various states in India. The first Rajdhani Express left New Delhi station for Howrah station to cover a distance of 1,445 km in 17 hours 20 mins.[2]

The Mumbai-New Delhi Rajdhani Express, one of the most important trains in India, was introduced on 17 May 1972.[1]

Until 1988, with the introduction of the Bhopal Shatabdi Express at 140 km/hr, the Rajdhani was the fastest train in India reaching speeds of 115-120 km/hr.[1]


Rajdhani express gets the highest priority on the Indian railway network.[2] They are fully air-conditioned. Passengers are served meals (food price included in the train fare) during the journey. Depending on the duration and timings of the journey, these could include morning tea, breakfast, lunch, high tea and dinner.[2] All Rajdhani Express trains offer three classes of accommodation: AC First Class (FC) with 2-berth and 4-berth coupès (with locking facility for privacy), AC 2-tier (2T) with open bays (4 berths/bay + 2 berths on the other side of the aisle of each bay), provided with curtains for privacy, and AC 3-tier (3T) with open bays (6 berths/bay + 2 berths on the other side of the aisle of each bay) without curtains. Currently there are 24 pairs of trains, connecting New Delhi to important cities across the country. These trains have fewer stops than other express trains and halt only at prominent stations. Recently Dynamic pricing has been introduced on all Rajdhani express trains.


There are currently 24 pairs of Rajdhani Express operational:[3][4][5]

State(s) Train Name Train Number(s) Distance Average Speed
Assam Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express 12423/12424 2434 km 75 km/h
Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express (via Hajipur) 20505/20506 2458 km 68 km/h
Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express (via Muzzafarpur) 20503/20504 2452 km 68 km/h
Bihar Patna Rajdhani Express 12309/12310 999 km 80 km/h
Chhattisgarh Bilaspur Rajdhani 12441/12442 1501 km 74 km/h
Goa Madgaon Rajdhani 22413/22414 2094 km 71 km/h
Gujarat Swarna Jayanti Rajdhani 12957/12958 934 km 68 km/h
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu Rajdhani 12425/12426 582 km 64 km/h
Jharkhand Ranchi Rajdhani (via Bokaro) 12439/12440 1305 km 74 km/h
Ranchi Rajdhani (via Daltonganj) 12453/12454 1341 km 76 km/h
Karnataka Bangalore Rajdhani 22691/22692 2365 km 70 km/h
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Rajdhani 12431/12432 3149 km 76 km/h
Maharashtra Mumbai Rajdhani 12951/12952 1384 km 88 km/h
August Kranti Rajdhani 12953/12954 1377 km 79 km/h
Bandra Rajdhani 09003/09004 1367 km 98 km/h
Odisha Bhubaneswar Rajdhani (via Adra) 22811/22812 1723 km 74 km/h
Bhubaneswar Rajdhani (via Bokaro) 22823/22824 1800 km 76 km/h
Bhubaneswar Rajdhani (via Sambalpur) 20817/20818 1914 km 70 km/h
Tamil Nadu Chennai Rajdhani 12433/12434 2175 km 77 km/h
Telangana Secunderabad Rajdhani 12437/12438 1661 km 76 km/h
Tripura Agartala Rajdhani 20501/20502 2421 km 59 km/h
West Bengal Howrah Rajdhani (via Gaya) 12301/12302 1447 km 85 km/h
Howrah Rajdhani (via Patna) 12305/12306 1530 km 76 km/h
Sealdah Rajdhani 12313/12314 1479 km 82 km/h



On 25 June 2014, at least four passengers were killed and eight injured when the New Delhi-Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express derailed at Goldin Ganj station near Chapra in suspected sabotage by Maoists. The train was heading towards Dibrugarh .[6]

On the morning on 14th Sept, 2017, at around 6.00 a.m. IST, a coach of the New Delhi-Ranchi Rajdhani Express derailed at the New Delhi station. According to a railway spokesperson, no one was injured in the incident.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Mumbai-New Delhi Rajdhani Express turns 40". Times of India. 20 May 2012. Retrieved 4 Sep 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "Rajdhani Express and Duronto Express Trains". MakeMyTrip. Retrieved 4 Sep 2012.
  3. ^ "Rajdhani Express trains". Indian Railways. Retrieved 14 Feb 2010.
  4. ^ "List of all Rajdhani Express trains". etrain.info. Retrieved 4 Sep 2013.
  5. ^ "12424/New Delhi — Dibrugarh Town Rajdhani Express". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 4 Apr 2016.
  6. ^ "Rajdhani Express derails near Chhapra in Bihar; Railway suspects 'sabotage'". timesofindia-economictimes. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Rajdhani Express coach derails at New Delhi Railway Station". timesofindia-indiatimes. Retrieved 14 September 2017.

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