Rajendra Chola III

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Rajendra Chola III
Rajendra Chola III
Chola territories c. 1246 CE
Reign 1246–1279 CE
Predecessor Rajaraja Chola III
Died ?1279 CE
Queen Cholakulamadeviyar
Father Rajaraja Chola III
Religion Hinduism, Shaivism[citation needed]

Rajendra Chola III was the son of Rajaraja Chola III who came to the Chola throne in 1246 CE. Although his father Rajaraja III was still alive, Rajendra began to take effective control over the administration.

Sadayavarman Sundara Pandyan I ascended the Pandya throne in 1251 CE and by 1258, he forced the Cholas and the Hoysalas to retreat. The sudden rise of the Pandyas brought the Cholas and the Pallavas together. Maaravarman Kulasekara Pandyan I met the Cholas near Thanjavur and defeated Rajendra Chola III. Pandyas destroyed the fort and the outer wall of the temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram.

There are no confirmed reports of Rajendra Chola III have been killed in the battle and he lived in obscurity in Gangaikonda Cholapuram up to 1280 after which there are no inscriptions found of the Cholas.

Preceded by
Rajaraja Chola III
1246–1280 CE
Succeeded by
Pandya rule


  • Nilakanta Sastri, K. A. (1935). The CōĻas, University of Madras, Madras (Reprinted 1984).
  • Nilakanta Sastri, K. A. (1955). A History of South India, OUP, New Delhi (Reprinted 2002).