|Minister of Home Affairs|
26 May 2014
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Sushilkumar Shinde|
|President of the Bharatiya Janata Party|
23 January 2013 – 8 July 2014
|Preceded by||Nitin Gadkari|
|Succeeded by||Amit Shah|
24 December 2005 – 24 December 2009
|Preceded by||L K Advani|
|Succeeded by||Nitin Gadkari|
|Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh|
28 October 2000 – 8 March 2002
Vishnu Kant Shastri
|Preceded by||Ram Prakash Gupta|
|Member of Parliament
16 May 2014
|Preceded by||Lalji Tandon|
|Member of Parliament
16 May 2009 – 16 May 2014
|Preceded by||Constituency created|
|Succeeded by||Gen (Retd) V K Singh|
10 July 1951 |
Bhabhaura, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Alma mater||Gorakhpur University|
Rajnath Singh (born 10 July 1951) is an Indian politician belonging to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) who currently serves as the Home Minister of India. He previously served as the Chief Minister of the state of Uttar Pradesh and as a Cabinet Minister in the Vajpayee Government. He has also served as the President of the BJP twice, 2005–2009 and 2013–2014. He began his career as a physics lecturer and used his long-term connections with the nationalist organisation, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh to become involved with the Janata Party.
Singh was born in the small village of Bhabhaura in Chandauli district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh in a Rajput family. His father was Ram Badan Singh and his mother was Gujarati Devi. He was born into a family of farmers and went on to secure a master's degree in physics, acquiring first division results from the Gorakhpur University. Rajnath Singh had been associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh since 1964, at the age of 13 and remained connected with the organisation even during his employment as a physics lecturer in Mirzapur. In 1974, he was appointed secretary for the Mirzapur unit of the Bharatiya Jan Sangh, predecessor of Bhartiya Janta Party.
In 1975, aged 24, Singh was appointed District President of the Jana Sangh. In 1977, he was elected Member of Legislative Assembly from the Mirzapur constituency. He became the State President of the BJP youth wing in 1984, the National general secretary in 1986 and the National President in 1988. He was also elected into the Uttar Pradesh legislative council.
In 1991, he became Education Minister in the first BJP government in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Major highlights of his tenure as Education Minister included Anti-Copying Act, 1992, which made copying a non-bailable offence, rewriting history texts and incorporating vedic mathematics into the syllabus. In April 1994, he was elected into the Rajya Sabha (Upper House of the Indian Parliament) and he became involved with the Advisory committee on Industry (1994–96), Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Agriculture, Business Advisory Committee, House Committee and the Committee on Human Resource Development. On 25 March 1997, he became the President of the BJP's unit in Uttar Pradesh and in 1999 he became the Union Cabinet Minister for Surface Transport.
In 2000, he became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and was twice elected as MLA from Haidergarh in 2001 and 2002. He tried to rationalise the reservation structure in government jobs by introducing the most Backward Classes among the OBC and SC, so that the benefit of reservation can reach the lowest status of Society.
In 2003, Singh was appointed as the Minister of Agriculture and subsequently for Food Processing in the NDA Government led by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, and was faced with the difficult task of maintaining one of the most volatile areas of India's economy. During this period he initiated a few epoch-making projects including the Kisan Call Centre and Farm Income Insurance Scheme. He brought down interest rates on Agriculture loans and also established Farmer Commission and initiated Farms Income Insurance Scheme.
After the BJP lost power in the 2004 general elections, it was forced to sit in the Opposition. After the resignation of prominent figure Lal Krishna Advani, and the murder of strategist Pramod Mahajan, Singh sought to rebuild the party by focusing on the most basic Hindutva ideologies. He announced his position of "no compromise" in relation to the building of a Ram Temple in Ayodhya at any cost and commended the rule of Vajpayee as Prime Minister, pointing towards all the developments the National Democratic Alliance made for the ordinary people of India. He also criticised the role of the English language in India, claiming that it caused erosion of cultural values.
- Christophe Jaffrelot (January 2003). India's Silent Revolution: The Rise of the Lower Castes in North India. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. pp. 489–. ISBN 978-1-85065-670-8.
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- Rajnath Singh is new BJP President. indianewsdiary.com
- "BJP chief claims English bad for India, triggers outrage." Times of India. 20 July 2013
- PTI (19 December 2009). "Rajnath steps down, Gadkari takes over as BJP president". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- "Rajnath Singh surpasses Vajpayee’s victory margin in Lucknow". The Hindu. 18 May 2014