List of Rajput dynasties and states
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During the medieval period, many parts of India and modern-day Pakistan were being ruled by various dynasties of ruling Hindu warrior class- Rajput. Following is the list of those ruling Rajput dynasties of the Indian subcontinent :
- Chauhan dynasty of Ajmer and Delhi: The Chauhans, ruled between 956 and 1301 AD, earlier over the eastern parts of the present day’s Rajasthan with their capital at Ajmer and later extended their territory up to parts of modern-day Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Gujrat and Madhya pradesh. This Rajput dynasty was founded by Vatsraj who had the title of Agniraj. The Chauhan dynasty claims descendance from Fire God Agni.The first great ruler was Ajairaj who is famously known as the founder of the city of Ajmer. Prithviraj Chauhan was considered greatest of all Chauhan rulers. During his reign, the kingdom extended over Delhi, Ajmer, modern-day Rohilkhand, Kalinjar, Hansi, Kalpi, Mahoba etc. He conquered Bhatinda (in Punjab) from Ghaznavide ruler of Punjab and defeated Muhammad of Ghor in the first battle of Tarain. However, he was defeated in the second battle of Tarain, 1192. Ranthambhore branch of chauhans ruled from 1192 to 1301 till the invsion of Ala-ud-din Khilji.Successor states after 1301 in modern times are that of mainpuri (etawah) and Bhaddaiyan Raj (sultanpur).
- Kabul Shahi dynasty of modern day Afghanistan also known as Hindu Shahi (964-1026 AD): according to some historians, the later rulers of Kabul Shahi dynasty were of Hindu Janjua Rajput origin, although other claim them to be of Turkic origin with Hindu influence, This dynasty was ruling parts of Afghanistan and Punjab region at the time of Turkic Ghaznavid invasions. Jayapala was its first Rajput king who succeeded the last Brahmin king Bhimadeva. Its last king Bhimpala died in 1024.
- Rana dynasty of Ambala and Nepal
- Sisodias of Mewar (Udaipur)
- Raghuwanshi Rajputs of Ayodhya Lord Shree Ram and Raja Harishchandra(Founder), Samthar, Barauli Rao
- Hadas of Bundi, Kota, Baran and Jhalawar, Rajasthan
- Rais of Raikot State, from around 13th Century A.D until after the dissolution of the Mughal Empire, the Manj Rais of Talwandi and Raikot ruled over an extensive territory south of the Sutlej, till dispossessed of it by the Ahluwalia Sikhs and later by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1806 A.D
- Sengars of Bhareh(UP), Jalon(UP), Datia(MP)
- Solanki dynasty: The Solankis established their rule over present day’s Indian state of Gujarat between 945 and 1297 AD. Their kingdom came into prominence during the reign of Mulraj. They ruled with their capital situated at Anhilwara.
- Parhar, Parihara, Pratihara, dynasty]] of Kannauj: Conquered Kannauj in 816 AD, which remained its capital for about a century, declined in the 10th century.
- Chandelas of Khajuraho: This Rajput dynasty was founded by Jayasakthi. They ruled the areas across Bundelkhand with Khajuraho as their capital. The dynasty came to an end after Alauddin Khalji conquered Bundelkhand.
- Gahadvalas of Kannauj: This Rajput dynasty ruled the kingdom of Kannauj for around a hundred years, beginning in the late 11th century.
- Bizelwans of Chamba, Himachal Pradesh
- Tomaras of Delhi and Gwalior
- Tomar Pathanias of Nurpur: Ruled from the 11th century to 1849 over parts of northern Punjab and Himachal Pradesh.
- History of Sirsa Town - Page 29
- Hussain Khan (2004), Chronicles of Early Janjuas, iUniverse, ISBN 0-595-28096-X,
... Jayapala, son of Asatapala, succeeded Bhimadeva in about 353/964. Jayapala was a scion of the Janjua (Rajput) dynasty ... Jayapala being Janjua (Rajput) was known as Hindu Shahi and had succeeded the former Brahman Hindu Shahi ...
- Greater Game: India's Race with Destiny and China by David Van Praagh
- Indian Encyclopaedia, Volume 1
- Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan
- The History of India by Kenneth Pletcher
- G.S. Ghurye (2005). Rajput Architecture. Popular Prakashan. p. 36. ISBN 81-7154-446-0.
- Roma Niyogi, The history of the Gāhaḍavāla dynasty, page 8
- Vijaya R Trivedi
- dynasty of Himchal
- Historical Dictionary of Medieval India by Iqtidar Alam Khan
- Bandana Rai
- Census of India, 1981: Uttar Pradesh - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- Garhwal & Kumaon: A Guide for Trekkers and Tourists - K. P. Sharma - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- Dogra Dynasty
- Asha Ranawat
- Humayun: the great moghul by Shiri Ram Bakshi, Sri Kant Sharma
- Rajputs - Bhanj Dynasty Provinces