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File:Rajpootana 1909.jpg
Rajasthan was known as Rajpootana before its reformation in 1949. The map illustrates the situation in 1909.
Rajpootana region as depicted in the Map of India by Anthony Finley in 1831.
Districts of Rajasthan. Present Day Rajasthan

Rājpootāna (Hindi: राजपूताना, Urdu: راجپوتانا‎) meaning “Land of the Rajputs[1] was a historical region that included the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat[1] and Pakistan.[2] The name was later adopted by British government as Rajpootana Agency for its dependencies in the region of present-day Indian state of Rājasthān.[3] Rajpootana agency included 18 princely states, two chiefships and the British district of Ajmer-Merwara. This British official term remained till its replacement by "Rajasthan" in the constitution of 1949.[3] Rajpootana was the subject of the 2009 movie Gulaal.


George Thomas (Military Memories) was the first in 1800 A.D., to term this region as Rajpootana Agency.[4] The historian John Keay in his book, India: A History, stated that the Rajpootana name was coined by the British, but that the word even achieved a retrospective authenticity: in an 1829 translation of Ferishta's history of early Islamic India, John Briggs discarded the phrase Indian princes, as rendered in Dow's earlier version, and substituted Rajpoot princes.

The region was previously long known as Gurjaratra (an early form of "Gujarat"), before it came to be called Rajpootana during the medieval period.[5] [6]


The area of Rajpootana is estimated to be 343,328 square km (132,559 square miles) and breaks down into two geographic divisions:

  • An area northwest of the Arāvalli Range including part of the Great Indian (Thar) Desert, with characteristics of being sandy and unproductive.
  • A higher area southeast of the range, which is fertile by comparison.

The whole area forms the hill and plateau country between the north Indian plains and the main plateau of peninsular India.[citation needed]

File:Map of Rajpootana or Rajasthan 1920.jpg
Map of Rajpootana or Rajasthan, 1920

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Rajpootana". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  2. ^ "Rajput". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  3. ^ a b R.K. Gupta; S.R. Bakshi (1 January 2008). Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan Through The Ages The Heritage Of Rajputs (Set Of 5 Vols.). Sarup & Sons. pp. 143–. ISBN 978-81-7625-841-8. Retrieved 30 October 2012. 
  4. ^ F. K. Kapil (1999). Rajpootana states, 1817-1950. Book Treasure. p. 1. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
  5. ^ John Keay (2001). India: a history. Grove Press. pp. 231–232. ISBN 0-8021-3797-0, ISBN 978-0-8021-3797-5. Colonel James Tod, who as the first British official to visit Rajasthan spent most of the 1820s exploring its political potential, formed a very different idea of "Rashboots".....and the whole region thenceforth became, for the British, 'Rajpootana'. Historian R. C. Majumdar explained that the region was long known as Gurjaratra early form of Gujarat, before it came to be called Rajpootana, early in the Muslim period. 
  6. ^ R.C. Majumdar (1994). Ancient India. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 263. ISBN 8120804368, ISBN 978-81-208-0436-4. 


  1. Low, Sir Francis (ed.) The Indian Year Book & Who’s Who 1945-46, The Times of India Press, Bombay.
  2. Sharma, Nidhi Transition from Feudalism to Democracy, Aalekh Publishers, Jaipur, 2000 ISBN 81-87359-06-4.
  3. Webb, William Wilfrid The Currencies of the Hindu States of Rajpootana, Archibald Constable & Co., Westminster, 1893.
  4. Rajpootana, Encyclopædia Britannica.
  5. Rajputanas.com.

External links[edit]