Rajshahi silk

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Rajshahi silk sari

Rajshahi silk is the name given to the silk products produced in Rajshahi, Bangladesh. It is famous because it is a high quality fabric used for clothing, especially for saris.[1][2]

History[edit]

Records date the beginning of silk production in the region to the 13th century. It was then known as Bengal silk or Ganges silk.[3] The government of Pakistan started silk production in Rajshahi in 1952.[4] The Rajshahi Silk Factory was a state owned factory which was founded in 1961. In 1978 it was handed over to the Bangladesh Sericulture Development Board. Since then it has been making a loss. It was closed down in 30 November 2002.[5] Before 2002300 tonnes of strings were produced by this factory. In 2011 it was only 50 tonnes.[4] In 2011 the finance minister of Bangladesh, Abul Maal Abdul Muhith,[6] expressed interest in reopening the Rajshahi silk factory but the Privatisation Commission refused on the grounds that it was a loss making concern.[7]

Types[edit]

Rajshahi silk fibers.

Rajshahi silk is like all other kinds of silk made from the cocoons of silkworms. The very thin fibers resulting from this process are covered with sericin, a special protein.[8] There are mainly three varieties of silks:

Among these varieties, Mulberry silk is the finest and is therefore the most valuable.

Clothes like Saris made out of Rajshahi silk are highly popular all over Bangladesh.[8] Rajshahi silk is also sold as fabric to designers and is available in different colours and designs.

Significance[edit]

In 2011 there were seven silk factories and the Bangladesh Sericulture Research and Training Institute in Rajshahi. Most of the silk of Bangladesh is produced by the region's sericulture.[4] Approximately 100,000 people are directly or indirectly employed in this sector. Rajshahi Silk Industry and Factory Labourers' Union represent the workers in the silk industry.[9]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Silk pyjamas, artworks, dinner set, leather bag set – Gifts from Bangladesh to India". deccanchronicle.com/. 2017-04-08. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
  2. ^ "Rajshahi's brand name 'Silky Rajshahi'". The Financial Express Online Version. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
  3. ^ "Silk of Bengal". The Daily Star. 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  4. ^ a b c "Rajshahi Silk Losing Shine". The Daily Star. 2011-06-13. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  5. ^ "Rajshahi Silk Factory to reopen this year". The Daily Star. 2011-06-20. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  6. ^ "Muhith backs plan to revive Rajshahi Silk Factory". The Daily Star. 2011-08-19. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  7. ^ "Reopening of Rajshahi Silk Factory uncertain | Dhaka Tribune". archive.dhakatribune.com. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  8. ^ a b "The silk route". The Daily Star. 2014-07-08. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  9. ^ "'Save Rajshahi silk industries from ruination'". The Daily Star. 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2017-04-23.