Rakaia (New Zealand electorate)

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Rakaia was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Canterbury region from 1972 to 1978 and 1993 to 2008.

The seat was held by former Prime Minister Jenny Shipley from 1993 to 2002, and by Brian Connell[1] from 2002 to 2008.

Population centres[edit]

Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election,[2] and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87.[3] Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. [3] In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created (including Rakaia).[4] In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated, and six electorates were newly created.[5]

The electorate included the following population centres:

History[edit]

The Rakaia seat previously existed from 1972 to 1978, when it was held by Colin McLachlan of the National Party, who previously and subsequently held the Selwyn seat. It was recreated in 1993 as a replacement for Ashburton.

Due to boundary changes for the 2008 general election, the Rakaia seat ceased to exist. Its population centres were redistributed among the new seats of Rangitata and Selwyn.

In the 2008 elections, Selwyn was expected to be a safe National seat while Rangitata was considered vulnerable to capture by Labour due to the presence of the city of Timaru. While Amy Adams won Selwyn for National as expected, Rangiata was taken by National's Jo Goodhew.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National  

Election Winner
1972 election Colin McLachlan
1975 election
(Electorate abolished 1978–1993)
1993 election Jenny Shipley
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election Brian Connell
2005 election

Election results[edit]

1999 election[edit]

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Rakaia for a list of candidates.

1975 election[edit]

General election, 1975: Rakaia[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Colin McLachlan 10,532 60.0 +5.9
Labour G W Lowrie 5,295 30.2
Social Credit J B Brinsdon 988 5.6
Values B M Brocx 743 4.2
Majority 5,237 29.8 +16.3
Turnout 20,938 84.1 -5.2

1972 election[edit]

General election, 1972: Rakaia[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Colin McLachlan 8,557 54.1
Labour H A Clark 6,424 40.6
Social Credit R H Hooper 754 4.7
New Democratic E V Wall 90 0.6
Majority 2,133 13.5
Turnout 17,282 89.3

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ New Zealand Parliament - Brian Connell MP
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  3. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 115.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 112, 116.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 115.
  6. ^ a b Norton 1988, pp. 325.

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 266. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 

External links[edit]