Rakiura National Park

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Rakiura National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Rakiura National Park
Map showing the location of Rakiura National Park
Location Stewart Island, New Zealand
Nearest city Oban, New Zealand
Coordinates 46°54′S 168°7′E / 46.900°S 168.117°E / -46.900; 168.117Coordinates: 46°54′S 168°7′E / 46.900°S 168.117°E / -46.900; 168.117
Area 1,570 km2 (610 sq mi)
Established 2002
Governing body Department of Conservation

Rakiura National Park is a nature reserve park located on Stewart Island / Rakiura, New Zealand. It is the newest national park of New Zealand and opened in 2002. The protected area covers about 85% of the island.

History[edit]

Rakiura National Park is the 14th of New Zealand's national parks and was officially opened on 9 March 2002 by the Prime Minister, Helen Clark, the Minister of Conservation, Sandra Lee, and the mountaineer Sir Edmund Hillary.[1] It is New Zealand's newest national park.[2]

It covers 1,570 square kilometres (610 sq mi), which is about 85% of Stewart Island, New Zealand's third-largest island. The park area excludes the township area around Halfmoon Bay (Oban) and some roads as well as private or Maori-owned land further inland.[1] It is made up of a network of former nature reserves, scenic reserves, and State Forest areas.

A chain sculpture at the entrance to Rakiura National Park symbolises the Maori view that Stewart Island is anchored to South Island; the sculpture was unveiled as part of the opening of the national park.[1] In 2008, a similar sculpture was erected in Bluff, and it represents the other end of the chain.[3]

Natural history[edit]

Near Port William Hut, North Coast

The popular Rakiura Track is within the national park. Many native birds can be found within the park, and Rakiura offers perhaps the best opportunity anywhere in New Zealand for viewing kiwi in the wild. This is in part due to the absence of stoats and ferrets. Certain coastal areas of this park are breeding areas for the endangered yellow-eyed penguin.[4] Weka, a flightless and curious bird species, can only be found on offshore islands.[5]

In the 1970s, kakapo were found in the Tin Range at a time when it was thought that the species was nearly extinct. The kakapo have been transferred to nearby Codfish Island, which is not part of the national park.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Stewart Island national park created". The New Zealand Herald. New Zealand Press Association. 10 March 2002. Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  2. ^ Walrond, Carl (12 December 2012). "Stewart Island/Rakiura - New Zealand's third main island". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Bluff to replicate anchor chain sculpture". The Southland Times. 30 May 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Hogan, C. Michael (6 April 2009). Stromberg, N., ed. "Yellow-eyed Penguin: Megadypes antipodes". GlobalTwitcher.com. 
  5. ^ Walrond, Carl (12 December 2012). "Stewart Island/Rakiura - Plants and animals". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  6. ^ Walrond, Carl (12 December 2012). "Stewart Island/Rakiura - Plants and animals". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 

External links[edit]