Ralls County, Missouri
Ralls County Courthouse in New London
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
|Founded||November 16, 1820|
|Named for||Daniel Ralls|
|• Total||484 sq mi (1,250 km2)|
|• Land||470 sq mi (1,200 km2)|
|• Water||14 sq mi (40 km2) 2.65%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||21/sq mi (8.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Ralls County is a county located in the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,167. Its county seat is New London. The county was organized November 16, 1820 and named for Daniel Ralls, Missouri state legislator.
Ralls County was one of several along the Mississippi River settled in the early years primarily by European-American migrants from the Upper South, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. They also brought characteristic antebellum architecture and culture. Ralls is considered one of the counties in the outer ring of what is called the Little Dixie region. Most of the Little Dixie counties are located further west along the Missouri River, from Callaway County west.
- Marion County (north)
- Pike County, Illinois (northeast)
- Pike County (southeast)
- Audrain County (south)
- Monroe County (west)
- Interstate 72 (proposed)
- U.S. Route 24
- U.S. Route 36
- U.S. Route 54
- U.S. Route 61
- Route 19
- Route 79
- Route 154
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 10,167 people, 3,736 households, and 2,783 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km2). There were 4,564 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.93% White, 1.11% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.04% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Approximately 0.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.1% were of American, 27.3% German, 10.5% English and 10.4% Irish ancestry.
There were 3,736 households, out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.20% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.50% were non-families. 21.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $37,094, and the median income for a family was $41,955. Males had a median income of $28,139 versus $20,238 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,456. About 6.60% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.
- Ralls County R-II School District – Center
- Ralls County Elementary School (PK-05)
- Mark Twain Junior High School (06-08)
- Mark Twain High School (09-12)
- Ralls County Library
Historically, the Democratic Party predominantly controlled politics at the local level in Ralls County. However, all local seats up for election with a Republican candidate during the November 2016 election cycle were won by Republicans. Republicans now hold the office of Sheriff, Coroner, and Western District Commissioner.
|Ralls County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Gina Jameson||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Sandra Lanier||Democratic|
|Collector||Connie L. Berry||Democratic|
|John W. Lake||Republican|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Rodney J. Rodenbaugh||Democratic|
|Public Administrator||Paula Evans||Democratic|
|Treasurer||Jena L. Epperson||Democratic|
|2016||64.47% 3,371||33.72% 1,763||1.81% 95|
|2012||52.97% 2,595||45.72% 2,279||2.21% 110|
|2008||53.74% 2,717||44.76% 2,263||1.50% 76|
|2004||61.68% 3,090||37.25% 1,866||1.08% 54|
|2000||47.21% 2,145||51.65% 2,347||1.14% 52|
|1996||27.05% 1,097||71.06% 2,882||1.90% 77|
|Democratic||David M. Blackwell||1,239||24.32%||-4.25|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||76||1.49%||-0.64|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||66||2.13%||+0.33|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||86||1.80%|
Missouri presidential preference primary (2008)
|Ralls County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||256 (27.00%)|
|Mike Huckabee||376 (39.66%)|
|Mitt Romney||279 (29.43%)|
|Ron Paul||24 (2.53%)|
|Ralls County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Clinton||823 (57.84%)|
|Barack Obama||504 (35.42%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||78 (5.48%)|
- Hannibal (mostly in Marion County)
- Monroe City (mostly in Monroe County and partly in Marion County)
- New London (county seat)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1917). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 343.
- The Story of Little Dixie, Missouri, Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed 3 June 2008
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 13, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Ralls County Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
- Digitized Historical Photos of Ralls County from Digital online collection of public domain photos Photos of historical Hannibal, Mississippi River scenes in Ralls County, historical Saint Paul and Saint Peter's Brush Creek Cemeteries in Ralls County, Missouri
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Ralls County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books