Rally for Democracy and Progress (Niger)

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The Rally for Democracy and Progress (French: Rassemblement pour la Démocratie et le Progrès, RDP-Jama'a) is a political party in Niger. It was established as the ruling party during the presidency of Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara.

History[edit]

The National Union of Independents for Democratic Renewal (UNIRD) was established in 1996 to support Maïnassara in that year's presidential elections. UNIRD went on to win the parliamentary elections later in the year. However, the following year it was dissolved and replaced by the RDP-Jama'a. At the RDP's national congress, Hamid Algabid was elected leader of the RDP-Jama'a on 20 August 1997.[1][2]

After Maïnassara was assassinated in a coup in April 1999, a new transitional military regime held elections late in the year. One faction of the RDP chose Algabid as its candidate for the general elections, while another backed party vice-chairman Amadou Cissé.[3][4] The dispute went to the Court of State, which accepted Algabid's candidacy.[5] The dispute led to the Cissé faction breaking away to form the Union for Democracy and the Republic. In the elections, Algabid finished fourth out of seven candidates in the first round with 10.83% of the vote,[6] and backed Mahamadou Issoufou of the Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS) in the second round. However, some in the RPD disagreed with this decision and backed Tandja Mamadou of the National Movement for the Development of Society (MNSD) instead. Tandja won the second round against Issoufou.[5] In the parliamentary elections the RDP won eight seats in the National Assembly,[5] and following the elections, went into opposition along with the PNDS.[7]

Algabid was re-elected President of the RDP for another three-year term at a party congress on 23 January 2001,[8] although a dissident faction, led by Idi Ango Omar, opposed Algabid's nomination of executive members of the party.[7] Following his re-election, Algabid said that the party's "immediate objective" was "to secure the opening of an international commission of inquiry into the assassination of president Mainassara".[8] In the National Assembly, the RDP proposed that the amnesty for participants in both the 1996 and 1999 coups be lifted, but the proposal was rejected by a large majority of deputies on 21 April 2001. Along with other opposition parties, the RPD was part of a demonstration by about 3,000 people in Niamey on April 7, 2002, shortly before the anniversary of the assassination, demanding an international inquiry.[7]

In the 2004 general elections Algabid was the RDP candidate again, finishing last in a field of six candidates with 5% of the vote. The RDP then backed incumbent president Tandja Mamadou in the second round.[9] In the parliamentary elections the party received 6.5% of the vote, winning six of the 113 seats. In the 2009 parliamentary elections it won seven seats.

The party did not nominate a presidential candidate for the 2011 general elections, but retained its seven seats in the National Assembly. The 2016 elections saw it reduced to three seats, with the party again not contesting the presidential elections.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Niger: New party leader for RDP, IRIN-WA Weekly Roundup 10-97 of Main Events in West Africa covering period 19–25 August 1997.
  2. ^ "Niger: Party congress ends; leaders elected", Voix du Sahel, Niamey, 21 August 1997.
  3. ^ "NIGER: New constitution promulgated", IRIN-WA Update 525 of events in West Africa, 10 August 1999.
  4. ^ "NIGER: Eight register for November presidential poll", IRIN, 30 August 1999.
  5. ^ a b c Report of the observation mission of the presidential and legislative elections of 17 October and 24 November 1999, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (French).
  6. ^ Elections in Niger, African Elections Database.
  7. ^ a b c "Niger: Democratic Rally of the People-Jama'a-RDP", Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada (UNHCR.org), 19 September 2002.
  8. ^ a b "Niger: Rally for Democracy and Progress re-elects chairman", AFP, 23 January 2001.
  9. ^ "Présidentielle au Niger: un quatrième parti, le RDP, soutient la candidature de Mamadou Tandja au second tour", Xinhua, 23 November 2004 (French).