Ralph Arthur Roberts
|Ralph Arthur Roberts|
|Born||Robert Arthur Schönherr
2 October 1884
|Died||12 March 1940 (aged 55)
|Occupation||Film actor, director, playwright, lyricist|
|Years active||1919–1940 (film)
Ralph Arthur Roberts (2 October 1884 – 12 March 1940) was a German film actor who also directed in the theatre and occasionally in film and wrote plays. From 1928 on, he headed the Berlin Theatre in Behrenstraße.
Life and career
He was born in Meerane as Robert Arthur Schönherr; his parents were Carl Robert Schönherr, a baker, and his wife Berta Elisabeth née König. He grew up in Dresden, where he was already performing as an extra at the Albert-Theater while still in gymnasium and then studied acting with Adolf Winds and composition at the conservatoire. He made his professional début in 1903 at the Residenztheater in Wiesbaden, and had temporary engagements at the Trianon Theatre in Berlin and the Schauspielhaus in Breslau. In 1907 or earlier, he moved to Hamburg, where in 1909 he became a member of the company at the Thalia Theatre.
After service as an officer in World War I, Roberts returned to the Thalia, where he directed plays in addition to acting. In 1921 he became head of the Komödienhaus in Berlin, and in 1928 he opened his own theatre in Behrenstraße, where he premiėred several comic works of his own. Initially he played tragicomic rôles, frequently in operettas; in 1922, he co-starred with Fritzi Massary in the première of Leo Fall's Madame Pompadour. However, after that he concentrated on light comedy on the stage.
In addition, he played several supporting rôles in films. Wearing a monocle was part of his image, and in film he generally played men of substance: directors and industrialists. He is remembered especially for his tendency to portray characters as more or less eccentric, which rose to ironic self-commentary in rôles such as the public prosecutor in Der Maulkorb (in which according to his relative and biographer Hansjoachim Schönherr he proved himself "one of the best character actors of his generation") and King Charles X of France in Tanz auf dem Vulkan.
Roberts also wrote lyrics for songs, which were used for the 1954 film On the Reeperbahn at Half Past Midnight featuring Hans Albers and Heinz Rühmann. In particular, he wrote both the lyrics and the music for the title waltz, originally for a 1912 revue of his at the Thalia, Bunt ist die Welt, and also prominently featured in the film Große Freiheit Nr. 7 from 1944.
Direction and scriptwriting
- 1934: Spiel mit dem Feuer (Director, co-scripted)
- 1939: Meine Tante – Deine Tante (Co-scripted, also actor)
- 1949/50: Sie sind nicht mehr (Assistant director)
- 1957/58: Das gab's nur einmal (Assistant director)
Lyrics and music
- ROBERTS, Ralph Arthur, British Film Institute Film & TV Database, retrieved 4 July 2013.
- Ralph Arthur Roberts, Filmportal.de, retrieved 4 July 2013 (in German)
- Hansjoachim Schönherr, "Roberts, Ralph Arthur (eigentlich Robert Arthur Schönherr)", Neue deutsche Biographie, Volume 21 Pütter – Rohlfs, ed. Hans Günter Hockerts, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2003, p. 681 (in German)
- Hansjoachim Schönherr. Ralph Arthur Roberts, Lebensbild eines großen Schauspielers. Studien zur Filmgeschichte 7. Hildesheim/New York: Olms, 1992. ISBN 9783487095677 (in German)