Ralph Earle (American naval officer)

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Ralph Earle
Ralph Earle in 1919.jpg
Earle in 1919
Born(1874-05-03)May 3, 1874
Worcester, Massachusetts
DiedFebruary 13, 1939(1939-02-13) (aged 64)
Worcester, Massachusetts
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branchUnited States Navy
Years of service1896–1927
RankRear Admiral
UnitChief of the Bureau of Ordnance
Battles/warsSpanish–American War
World War I
AwardsCommendations from the President

Ralph Earle (3 May 1874 – 13 February 1939) served the United States Navy during the Spanish–American War and World War I. He was the Chief, Bureau of Ordnance (BUORD) and retired as a rear admiral in 1927.[1]

Biography[edit]

Earle was born on 3 May 1874 in Worcester, Massachusetts.[1] He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1896.

He served at sea in several ships, among them USS Massachusetts, Essex, and Hornet.

While on board USS Missouri, he won commendations from the President and Secretary of the Navy for his conduct at the time of a disastrous turret explosion. He commanded USS Dolphin at the U.S. occupation of Veracruz, Mexico, and later commanded Connecticut.

Ashore, Earle had duty at the U.S. Naval Academy and the Naval Proving Ground. An expert on guns and explosives, he was made Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance shortly before the United States entered World War I.

Under his administration the North Sea mine barrage was conceived and executed using a new type of mine, and the plan of mounting naval 14-inch guns on railway cars for use as long-range artillery on the Western Front, was evolved and carried out.

After his retirement in 1925, Rear Admiral Earle served as president of Worcester Polytechnic Institute until his death.[2][3] Earle, well loved as WPI's sixth president implemented a five-year plan which brought the students a swimming pool and a new hall named after R. Sanford Riley among other needed campus improvements. He also served as president of the Worcester Economic Club in 1931.[4]

He died of a stroke on 13 February 1939 in Worcester, Massachusetts.[1]

Honored in ship naming[edit]

The USS Earle, launched 10 December 1941 by Boston Navy Yard, was named in his honor. The launch was sponsored by Mrs. John F. Hines, Jr., daughter of Rear Admiral Earle.

The Naval Weapons Station Earle (New Jersey) was also named (in 1943) to honor the admiral because of his strong association with ordnance projects.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Stroke Is Fatal To Admiral Earle. Head of Worcester Polytechnic Institute Collapses While Addressing Students. Ordnance Chief In War. He Planned the North Sea Mine Field and Originated 14-inch Nasal Rail Batteries". New York Times. Associated Press. February 14, 1939.
  2. ^ "Admiral Earle May Head School". New York Times. September 26, 1924.
  3. ^ "Earle Heads W.P.I. New President Emphasizes the Problem of Living". New York Times. October 23, 1925.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2007-12-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

Further reading[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

Further reading[edit]

  • Diaries of Ruth Earle Southwick 1921-1925, ISBN 9781512128819. Ruth Earle Southwick was Ralph Earle's only sister.