Ralph Gore, 1st Earl of Ross

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

General Ralph Gore, 1st Earl of Ross (23 November 1725 – September 1802),[1] known as Sir Ralph Gore, 6th Baronet from 1746 until 1764, subsequently as The Lord Gore until 1768 and then as The Viscount Belleisle until 1772, was an Irish soldier, politician and peer.

Background[edit]

Born at Belle Isle Castle, he was the second son of Sir Ralph Gore, 4th Baronet and his second wife Elizabeth, only daughter of St George Ashe, at that time Bishop of Clogher.[2] Gore was educated at Trinity College, Dublin and in 1744, he purchased a lieutenantcy in the 33rd Regiment of Foot.[2] In 1746, he succeeded his older brother St George as baronet.[3]

Military career[edit]

In the middle of the War of the Austrian Succession, Gore joined the regiment in Flandern in 1745 and took over a company.[4] At the Battle of Fontenoy on 11 May, he was hit on his right arm by a shot, however quickly recovered.[4] During the Battle of Lauffeld on 2 July 1747 all his superior officers were killed or severely wounded, so command of the battalion fell to Gore, who performed so well, that on the following day he received the thanks of the British commander Prince William, Duke of Cumberland.[4]

In 1760, he raised the 92nd Regiment of Foot (Donegal Light Infantry) and became its lieutenant-colonel until the regiment's dissolution three years later.[4] Gore was promoted to colonel in 1772 and to major-general in 1777.[2] Two years thereafter he was admitted to the Irish general staff[2] and in 1781 obtained colonelship of the 32nd (Cornwall) Regiment of Foot.[5] In the following year, he was made a lieutenant-general[6] and in 1788 during the absence of Sir William Augustus Pitt was acting Commander-in-Chief, Ireland.[2] Gore was promoted to a full general in 1796.[7]

Political career[edit]

In 1747, Gore entered the Irish House of Commons, sitting for Donegal County, the same constituency his father and brother had represented before, until 1764,[8] when on 30 June, he was ennobled in the Peerage of Ireland with the title Baron Gore, of Manor Gore, in the County of Donegal.[9] He took his seat in the Irish House of Lords in 1767 and was created Viscount Belleisle, of Belleisle, in the County of Fermanagh on 25 August 1768.[10] Gore was finally advanced as Earl of Ross, in the County of Fermanagh on 4 January 1772.[11] He served as High Sheriff of Donegal in 1755 and as High Sheriff of Fermanagh in 1760.[2]

Family[edit]

On 23 February 1754 he married firstly Katherine, eldest daughter of William Conolly.[12] After her death in 1771, Gore remarried Alicia Clements, youngest daughter of Nathaniel Clements on 22 August 1773.[12] His only son by his second marriage, predeceased him in 1789.[3] Alicia died in 1795 and was buried like her son at Clifton Church in Bristol.[2] Gore survived her until 1802 and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his nephew Ralph; his other titles became extinct.[13]

Belle Isle[edit]

Belle Isle had been in the Gore family for generations, but it was Lord Ross' father who built the castle. His son, who was born there, spent many years improving and expanding Belle Isle Castle and creating a magnificent garden.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Leigh Rayment – Peerage". Retrieved 15 November 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Cokayne, George Edward (1949). Geoffrey H. White, ed. Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom. vol. XI. London: The St Catherine Press. pp. 164–165. 
  3. ^ a b Burke, John (1832). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. vol. I (4th ed.). London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 527. 
  4. ^ a b c d Lodge, John (1789). Mervyn Archdall, ed. The Peerage of Ireland or A Genealogical History of the Present Nobility of that Kingdom. vol. III. Dublin: James Moore. pp. 285–287. 
  5. ^ "No. 12188". The London Gazette. 15 May 1781. p. 3. 
  6. ^ "No. 12391". The London Gazette. 23 September 1782. p. 459. 
  7. ^ "No. 13892". The London Gazette. 14 May 1796. p. 459. 
  8. ^ "Leigh Rayment – Irish House of Commons 1692–1800". Retrieved 15 November 2009. 
  9. ^ "No. 10426". The London Gazette. 12 June 1764. p. 3. 
  10. ^ "No. 10855". The London Gazette. 30 July 1768. p. 1. 
  11. ^ "No. 11206". The London Gazette. 17 December 1771. p. 1. 
  12. ^ a b "ThePeerage – Ralph Gore, 1st and last Earl of Ross". Retrieved 15 November 2009. 
  13. ^ Lodge, Edmund (1859). The Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire (28th ed.). London: Hurst and Blackett. p. 711. 
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Sir St George Gore-St George, 5th Bt
Andrew Knox
Member of Parliament for Donegal County
1747–1764
With: Andrew Knox
Succeeded by
Robert Clements
Andrew Knox
Military offices
New regiment Lieutenant-Colonel of the
92nd Regiment of Foot (Donegal Light Infantry)

1760–1763
Regiment disbanded
Preceded by
William Amherst
Colonel of the 32nd (Cornwall) Regiment of Foot
1781–1802
Succeeded by
James Ogilvie
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Earl of Ross
1772–1802
Extinct
Viscount Belleisle
1768–1802
Baron Gore
1764–1802
Baronetage of Ireland
Preceded by
St George Gore-St George
Baronet
(of Magherabegg)
1746–1802
Succeeded by
Ralph Gore