Cicerone speaking at the NAS Building in 2013
|21st President of the National Academy of Sciences|
2005 – June 30, 2016
|Preceded by||Bruce Alberts|
|Succeeded by||Marcia McNutt|
|4th Chancellor of the University of California, Irvine|
1998 – 2005
|Preceded by||Laurel Wilkening|
|Succeeded by||Michael V. Drake|
Ralph John Cicerone|
May 2, 1943
New Castle, Pennsylvania, US
November 5, 2016 (aged 73)|
Short Hills, New Jersey, US
|Awards||Albert Einstein World Award of Science (2004)|
|Thesis||Monte Carlo and Thomson-scatter plasma-line studies of ionospheric photoelectrons (1970)|
|Doctoral advisor||S. A. Bowhill|
Ralph John Cicerone (May 2, 1943 – November 5, 2016) was an American atmospheric scientist and administrator. From 1998 to 2005, he was the chancellor of the University of California, Irvine. From 2005 to 2016, he was the president of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). He was a "renowned authority" on climate change and atmospheric chemistry, and issued an early warning about the grave potential risks of climate change.
Early life and education
Cicerone was the first in his family to attend college. He graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1965 with a bachelor of science degree in electrical engineering. He was captain of MIT's varsity baseball team. After college, he obtained masters and doctoral degrees from the University of Illinois.
Cicerone joined the University of Michigan as a research scientist, later holding faculty positions in electrical and computer engineering from 1971 to 1978. In 1978 he moved to the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego as a research chemist. He was appointed senior scientist and director of the Atmospheric Chemistry Division at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado, in 1980. He held this position until 1989 when he joined the University of California, Irvine (UCI), as professor of earth system science (having founded the department) and chaired the Department of Earth System Science from 1989 to 1994, when he became Dean of Physical Sciences. Cicerone was recognized on the citation for the 1995 Nobel Prize in chemistry awarded to colleague F. Sherwood Rowland. In 1998 he became the fourth Chancellor of UCI and held the position until 2005, when he left to be President of the National Academy of Sciences. He retired as NAS President in June 2016.
In 2001, while chancellor of UCI, Dr. Cicerone led an academy panel, commissioned by President George W. Bush, tasked with reporting to him on climate change. The panel concluded unequivocally that "greenhouse gases are accumulating in Earth's atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise."
Cicerone was a member of the USA Science and Engineering Festival's Advisory Board, a Foreign Member of the Royal Society. the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Korean Academy of Science and Technology. He also served as president of the American Geophysical Union, the world's largest society of earth scientists.
Honors, awards and legacy
He was the 1999 laureate for the Bower Award and Prize for Achievement in Science. The American Geophysical Union awarded him its James B. Macelwane Award in 1979 for outstanding contributions to geophysics by a young scientists and later in 2002 its Roger Revelle Medal for outstanding research contributions to the understanding of Earth’s atmospheric processes, biogeochemical cycles, and other key elements of the climate system. The World Cultural Council honored him with the Albert Einstein World Award of Science in 2004.
- McMillan, Janet (November 5, 2016). "Ex-Sciences Academy President Ralph J. Cicerone Dies at 73". The New York Times. Short Hills, New Jersey. Associated Press. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
- "Chancellors: Ralph J. Cicerone (1998-2005)". Anteater Chronicles; lib.uci.edu. University of California, Irvine. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
- Roberts, Sam (November 7, 2016). "Ralph Cicerone, Scientist Who Sounded Climate Change Alarm, Dies at 73". The New York Times. Retrieved November 7, 2016 – via nytimes.com.
- "Member Directory: Ralph J. Cicerone". NASOnline.org. National Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
- Revkin, Andrew C. (November 5, 2016). "Gone Too Soon – Ralph Cicerone, a Quiet Force for Scientific Progress in a Divisive Climate". The New York Times. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
- Cicerone, Ralph John (1970). Monte Carlo and Thomson-scatter plasma-line studies of ionospheric photoelectrons (Ph.D.). University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. OCLC 471497069 – via ProQuest. (Subscription required (. ))
- Jennings, Angel (November 5, 2016). "Ralph Cicerone, former UC Irvine chancellor who studied the causes of climate change, dies at 73". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
- Showstack, Randy (2016-06-06). "Former Academy Head Predicts Few Obstacles for Female Successor". Eos. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- Lavelle, Marianne (2015-07-06). "Science Editor-in-Chief Marcia McNutt set to become first woman to lead U.S. National Academy of Sciences". ScienceInsider. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- "Advisors". USA Science and Engineering Festival. Archived from the original on 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- "New Fellows 2012". Royal Society. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
- "Albert Einstein World Award of Science 2004". Archived from the original on February 18, 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- "Cicerone's Field of Dreams". uci.edu. Archived from the original on November 23, 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2009.
- "Cicerone Field at Anteater Ballpark". UCIrvine.PrestoSports.com. UC Irvine Sports Information. Archived from the original on 2012-08-13. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
- "UC Irvine announces 2008 Medal recipients". uci.edu. May 19, 2008. Archived from the original on November 23, 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2009.
- "National Academy of Sciences President Emeritus Ralph J. Cicerone Dies at 73". spaceref.com (Press release). National Academy of Sciences. November 5, 2016. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
- Ralph J. Cicerone papers. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California.
- University of California, Irvine, Chancellor Ralph J. Cicerone records. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California.
- Media related to Ralph Cicerone at Wikimedia Commons
| Chancellor of the University of California, Irvine
1998 – 2005
Michael V. Drake
|Professional and academic associations|
| President of the National Academy of Sciences
2005 – 2016