Ralstonia pickettii

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Ralstonia pickettii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Betaproteobacteria
Order: Burkholderiales
Family: Ralstoniaceae
Genus: Ralstonia
Binomial name
Ralstonia pickettii
(Ralston et al. 1973)
Yabuuchi et al. 1996

Burkholderia pickettii (Ralston et al. 1973) Yabuuchi et al. 1993[1]
Pseudomonas pickettii Ralston et al. 1973

Ralstonia pickettii is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, soil bacterium.[2]

R. pickettii is a Betaproteobacteria species found in moist environments such as soils, rivers, and lakes. It has also been identified in biofilms in plastic water pipes. It is an oligotrophic organism, making it capable of surviving in areas with a very low concentration of nutrients. Several strains have shown an ability to survive in environments highly contaminated with metals. The ability to persist in these harsh conditions makes R. picketti a candidate for bioremediation.

R. picketti and R. insidiosa are emerging pathogens in hospital settings. R. picketti pathology does not follow an easy definition; although no fully healthy human has ever become ill from it, the bacterium has seriously affected humans with poor health. Several hospitals have reported outbreaks—in particular, patients with cystic fibrosis and Crohn's disease have been shown to be infected with R. picketti. Of the 55 reported cases of such infection, the majority are due to contaminated solutions such as water, saline, and sterile drugs. These solutions are usually contaminated when the product is manufactured, because R. picketti has the ability to pass through 0.45 and 0.2 µm filters that are used to sterilize medicinal products. The majority of R. picketti and R. insidiosa isolates showed susceptibility to most of the antibiotics tested.[3] The most effective were found to be the quinolones and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim.


  1. ^ "Genus Burkholderia". List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature. Retrieved 15 November 2016. 
  2. ^ Yabuuchi, E; Kosako, Y; Yano, I; Hotta, H; Nishiuchi, Y (1995). "Transfer of two Burkholderia and an Alcaligenes species To ralstonia gen. nov.: Proposal of Ralstonia pickettii (Ralston, Palleroni and Doudoroff 1973) comb. Nov., Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith 1896) comb. Nov. And Ralstonia eutropha (Davis 1969) comb. Nov". Microbiology and immunology. 39 (11): 897–904. doi:10.1111/j.1348-0421.1995.tb03275.x. PMID 8657018. 
  3. ^ Ryan, MP; Adley, CC (Jul 2013). "The antibiotic susceptibility of water-based bacteria Ralstonia pickettii and Ralstonia insidiosa". J Med Microbiol. 62 (7): 1025–31. doi:10.1099/jmm.0.054759-0. 

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