Ram Baran Yadav
|Ram Baran Yadav
|1st President of Nepal|
23 July 2008 – 29 October 2015
|Prime Minister||Girija Prasad Koirala
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Madhav Kumar Nepal
Jhala Nath Khanal
Khil Raj Regmi
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
|Vice President||Parmanand Jha|
|Preceded by||Position established
Girija Prasad Koirala Acting Head of State of Nepal
|Succeeded by||Bidhya Devi Bhandari|
4 February 1948 |
|Political party||Nepali Congress(1968-2008)|
|Alma mater||University of Calcutta
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Ram Baran Yadav (Nepali: रामवरण यादव; born 4 February 1948) is a Nepali politician and physician who was the President of Nepal from 23 July 2008 to 29 October 2015. Previously he served as Minister of Health from 1999 to 2001 and was General Secretary of the Nepali Congress party. He is Nepal's first President following the declaration of a republic in 2008.
Yadav was Minister of State for Health in the 1991–1994 Nepali Congress government. He was elected to the House of Representatives in the 1999 election as a candidate of the Nepali Congress. After that election, he became Minister of Health.
In May 2007, Yadav's residence in Janakpur was attacked by militants of the Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM). The JTMM put up a seizure notice at the house, hoisted their flags at it and detonated a bomb.
Yadav was elected as the first President of Nepal in a second round of voting on 21 July 2008. He received 308 out of the 590 votes cast in the Constituent Assembly, defeating Ram Raja Prasad Singh, who had been nominated by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), in a second round of voting. Yadav was sworn in as President on 23 July 2008. Chief Justice of Nepal Kedar Prasad Giri administered the oath of office and secrecy to Yadav at the presidential palace, Shital Niwas, Rastrapati Bhawan. Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala among others were present. Yadav also administered oath to Vice-President Parmananda Jha.
Ram Baran Yadav was born to Thani Yadav and Ram Rati Yadav on 4 February 1948 at Sapahi Village Development Committee (VDC) Ward No. 9, Dhanusa district of Nepal. He is Madhesi ethnic Nepalese of indigenous Maithali people origin. Yadav received a MBBS from Calcutta Medical College, in Kolkata, India, a DCP from the Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine in Kolkata, and an MD from PGIMER in Chandigarh, India. He was married to Julekha Yadav, now deceased. His son Chandramohan Yadav is a former Member of Parliament. He has two nephews Nyas Yadav and Sumit Yadav who is a senior scientist in United Kingdom. While President, Yadav resided at Shital Niwas in Kathmandu.
Yadav began his political career while studying medicine in Calcutta, India. He came in contact with several Nepali politicians who had self-exiled themselves in India, such as B. P. Koirala, Ganesh Man Singh, Subarna Shamsher Rana, Pushpa Lal Shrestha, and Saroj Koirala. Inspired by these leaders, Yadav started engaging himself in politics actively. He championed the cause for multi-party democracy during the referendum held in 1980. While practicing as a physician for several years, he engaged himself in politics as an active cadre of the Nepali Congress Party. He was a rural private practitioner for several years as well as a personal physician to Koirala, the first elected Prime Minister of Nepal, from 1980 to 1982.[clarification needed]
Yadav participated in the struggle for democracy for several decades. He spent nine months altogether in prison during the course of the struggle. After the restoration of multiparty democratic dispensation in Nepal in 1990, he spearheaded his political career with increased vigor and vitality. Yadav was elected twice as a Member of the House of Representatives from the Constituency No. 5 of Dhanusa district of Nepal. He was the Minister of State for Health from 1991 to 1994. He again took charge of the Ministry of Health as the Cabinet Minister from 1999 to 2001. Yadav was elected as a Member of the Constituent Assembly from the same constituency of Dhanusa District during the elections held on 10 April 2008.
Yadav discharged various responsibilities in the Nepali Congress Party. He was a member of the Central Working Committee for 15 years, and also a member of Parliamentary Board, and member of the Discipline Committee of the Party. Before being elected as President, he was General Secretary of the Nepali Congress Party.
He visited India in 2010 and went to Tirupati Balaji and Chandigarh, where he received his medical degree. On March 26, 2015 he departed for an official visit to China at the invitation of the Chinese government.
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Girija Prasad Koirala
|President of Nepal
Bidhya Devi Bhandari