Ram Pradhan Inquiry Commission

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Ram Pradhan Committee officially known as the High-Level Enquiry Committee (HLEC) on 26/11, the Pradhan Inquiry Commission was appointed by the Maharashtra Government on December 30, 2008, to probe the response to the 2008 Mumbai attacks.[1]

This was a two-member committee comprising former home secretary Ram Pradhan and former IPS officer Vappala Balachandran. The committee evaluated lapses in the law enforcement agencies and suggests measures to prevent events like 26/11 Mumbai attacks.[2][3][4] On December 21, 2009 the committee report was presented to the then chief minister described the Mumbai attacks as "war-like" attack and also found that it was beyond the capacity of the Mumbai Police.[5] The committee submitted its report to the Chief Minister of Maharashtra in April 2009, but the government did not release it, citing security concerns. In December 2009, after substantial portions of the report had been leaked in the media and much agitation had been conducted by the opposition in the state assembly, a Marathi translation was tabled before the assembly.


The aim of the commission was to "analyse how far the existing procedures, instruments and administrative culture are to be blamed for what are perceived as lapses. Our stress is on identifying systemic failures," as opposed to blaming individuals.[6]


  1. Intelligence
  2. Action to Handle the Attacks
  3. Means to Face Terrorist Attacks
  4. Command and Control
  5. Coastal Security
  6. Modernisation of Police
  7. Anti-Terrorist Squad
  8. Flying Squads
  9. Handling of Security Intelligence at Operational Levels


  1. R.D. Pradhan (chair), formerly Union Home Secretary in the Rajiv Gandhi government.
  2. Vappala Balachandran, former special secretary, Cabinet Secretariat.


  1. ^ The Times of India published the entire report on its web site. The link is mis-named in the middle of the story. Dhume, Sunil (2009-12-02). "Senior officers don't even look at intelligence reports: 26/11 panel". Times of India. 
  2. ^ Mumbai blasts: Govt fails to keep its word, 3 yrs on Times of India. Jul 15, 2011
  3. ^ "Pradhan Committee finds 'total confusion' in processing alerts". Sify News. Jan 12, 2009.
  4. ^ "Maharashtra government rejects Pradhan panel report". Sify News. Jun 16, 2009.
  5. ^ Pradhan Committee finds serious lapses on Gafoor’s part The Hindu, December 21, 2009
  6. ^ The text of the report, as a Microsoft Word document. R.D. Pradhan and V. Balachandran (2009-04-18). "High Level Enquiry Committee on 26/11" (Maharashtra Government vide GAD GR No: Raasua.2008/C.R.34/29-A, 30th Dec 2008). Times of India.