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Ramalina fraxinae ascocarp.JPG
Ramalina fraxinea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Lecanoromycetes
Order: Lecanorales
Family: Ramalinaceae
Genus: Ramalina
Ach. (1809)[1]
Type species
Ramalina fraxinea
(L.) Ach. (1810)

Ramalina is a genus of greenish fruiticose lichens that grow in the form of flattened, strap-like branches.[2]:189 Members of the genus are commonly called strap lichens[2]:189 or cartilage lichens.[3] Apothecia are lecanorine.[2]:189

Lichen spot tests on the cortex are K-, C-, KC+ dark yellow, and P-.[2]:189

It is in the Ramalinaceae and in the suborder Lecanorineae.[4]


The genus has a widespread distribution and contains over 240 species.[5]



  1. ^ Acharius E. (1809). Lichenographia Universalis (in Latin). pp. 122, 598. 
  2. ^ a b c d Field Guide to California Lichens, Stephen Sharnoff, Yale University Press, 2014, ISBN 978-0-300-19500-2
  3. ^ "Ramalina". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  4. ^ C.J. Alexopolous, Charles W. Mims, M. Blackwell, Introductory Mycology, 4th ed. (John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken NJ, 2004) ISBN 0-471-52229-5
  5. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 591. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 

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