Ramankutty Nair

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Padma Bhushan Kalamandalam Ramankutty Nair
Kalamandalam-Ramankutty-Nair, at Guruvayur, Kerala (January 2011)
Born May 25, 1925
Vellinezhi, Palakkad (Palghat)
Died March 11, 2013
Vellinezhi, Palakkad (Palghat)
Nationality Indian
Occupation Kathakali Artist
Spouse(s) Saraswathi Amma
Children Narayanan kutty, Vijayalakshmi, Appukkuttan

Kalamandalam Ramankutty Nair (May 25, 1925 – March 11, 2013) was a performer of Kathakali, who practiced the Kerala art form for more than seven decades.


Ramankutty Nair owes the purity of his style to his legendary guru Pattikkamthodi Ravunni Menon, his only teacher in his entire career. Both hail from Vellinezhi, which is still known for producing many Kathakali artistes, in Palakkad district.[1] Ramankutty Nair had served in his alma mater, Kerala Kalamandalam, and went on to become its principal.

Born in 1925, Ramankutty Nair hailed from a family with no Kathakali pedigree. But Ravunni Menon, a resident tutor at the renowned (a mansion of the upper-caste Nambudiris) was an overarching presence in the cultural scene of the village, and soon little Ramankutty too fell under his spell. At Kerala Kalamandalam, where he subsequently mastered the art, Ramankutty Nair later sculpted out several disciples, the most prominent among them being Kalamandalam Gopi besides Kalamandalam Vasu Pisharody, M.P.S. Namboodiri, Balasubramanian and the late K. Gopalakrishnan.[2]

Many of the younger generation Kathakali artistes from Kalamandalam, like Soman and Shanmughan, too have had Ramankutty Nair as their guru for advanced training. (He retired as principal of Kalamandalam in 1985). In his later years, Ramankutty Nair was the chairman of Gandhi Seva Sadan, or Sadanam Kathakali Akademi as it is better known.

Active as an artiste till the age of 85, he performed across Kerala, and graced stages in the rest of India and several countries of the world. He was well known for his roles of Ravana in plays such as 'Thoranayudham' and 'Ravanolbhavam', Narakasura in 'Narakasuravadham', Duryodhana in 'Uttaraswayamvaram', Sisupala in 'Rajasooyam', Hanuman in 'Kalyanasaugandhikam', 'Thoranayudham' and 'Lavanasuravadham',Keechaka in 'Keechakavadham', Dharmaputra in 'Kirmeeravadham' and Arjuna in 'Kalakeyavadham'. Another famous role is that of Parasurama in 'Seethaswayamvaram', the costume of which was of his own design.[3]

The generally reticent Ramankutty Nair, who has penned an autobiography named Thiranottam, was a winner of the coveted Padma Bhushan award of the Government of India.[4] Renowned filmmaker Adoor Gopalakrishnan has made an eponymous documentary on Kalamandalam Ramankutty Nair.[5] of Kathakali, and is a film by the same name on him by Adoor Gopalakrishnan.[6][7]

Personal life[edit]

Kalamandalam Ramankutty Nair as Hanuman in 'LavanasuraVadham' Kathakali

The master lived in his native Vellinezhi with his wife Saraswati. On May 15, 2009, he celebrated his 'satabhishekam' (84th birthday) amid fanfare in the nearest town of Cherpulassery.

Ramankutty Nair died on March 11, 2013 at age 87.[8]



External links[edit]