Ramappa Temple

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Coordinates: 18°15′33″N 79°56′36″E / 18.25917°N 79.94333°E / 18.25917; 79.94333

Ramappa Temple
Ramappa Temple Warangal.JPG
Geography
Country India
State Telangana
District Jayashankar Bhupalpally
Location Palampet village
Culture
Sanctum

Lord Siva

Ramalingeswara Swamy[1]
Direction and posture East-facing
Major festivals Maha Sivaratri
Architect Ramappa, Bhumija style/Kadamba architecture
History
Date built 11th Century
Creator Recherla Rudra

Ramappa Temple also known as the Ramalingeswara temple, is located 77 km from Warangal, the ancient capital of the Kakatiya dynasty, 157 km from Hyderabad in the state of Telangana in southern India. It lies in a valley at Palampet village of Venkatapur Mandal, in erstwhile Mulug Taluq of Jayashankar Bhupalpally district, a tiny village long past its days of glory in the 13th and 14th centuries.[2] An inscription in the temple dates it to the year 1213 AD and says it was built by a General Recherla Rudra, during the period of the Kakatiya ruler Ganapati Deva.[1]

The temple is a Shivalaya, where Lord Ramalingeswara is worshipped. It stands majestically on a 6 ft high star-shaped platform. The hall in front of the sanctum has numerous carved pillars that have been positioned to create an effect that combines light and space wonderfully. The temple is named after the sculptor Ramappa, who built it, and is perhaps the only temple in India to be named after a craftsman who built it.[3] History says that it took 40 years to build this temple.

The main structure is in a reddish sandstone, but the columns round the outside have large brackets of black basalt. These are carved as mythical animals or female dancers or musicians, and are "the masterpieces of Kakatiya art, notable for their delicate carving, sensuous postures and elongated bodies and heads".[4]

Description[edit]

The roof (garbhalayam) of the temple is built with bricks, which are so light that they are able to float on water.[5]

There are two small Shiva shrines on either side of the main temple. The enormous Nandi within, facing the shrine of Shiva, remains in good condition.

Nataraja Ramakrishna revived Perini Shivatandavam (Perini Dance), by seeing the sculptures in this temple. The dance poses, written in Nritta Rathnavalid by Jayapa Senaani, also appear in these sculptures.

The temple remained intact even after repeated wars, plunder and destruction during wars and natural disasters. There was a major earthquake during the 17th century which caused some damage.

Many of the smaller structures were neglected and are in ruins. The Archaeological Survey of India has taken charge of it. The main entrance gate in the outer wall of the temple is ruined.[6]

Location[edit]

Ramappa temple is located in Palampet, Venkatapur mandal which is 19 km far from Mulugu Mandal (around 70 km off Warangal Town). It is 6 km away from Kota Gullu where another Shiva temple is located. Tourists from Hyderabad can reach to Ramappa Temple via Hanamkonda.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  • Michell, George, The Penguin Guide to the Monuments of India, Volume 1: Buddhist, Jain, Hindu, 1989, Penguin Books, ISBN 0140081445

External links[edit]