|Direction and posture||East-facing|
|Major festivals||Maha Sivaratri|
|Architect||Ramappa, Bhumija style/Kadamba architecture|
|Date built||11th Century|
Ramappa Temple also known as the Ramalingeswara temple, is located 77 km from Warangal, the ancient capital of the Kakatiya dynasty, 157 km from Hyderabad in the state of Telangana in southern India. It lies in a valley at Palampet village of Venkatapur Mandal, in erstwhile Mulug Taluq of Jayashankar Bhupalpally district, a tiny village long past its days of glory in the 13th and 14th centuries. An inscription in the temple dates it to the year 1213 AD and says it was built by a General Recherla Rudra, during the period of the Kakatiya ruler Ganapati Deva.
The temple is a Shivalaya, where Lord Ramalingeswara is worshipped. It stands majestically on a 6 ft high star-shaped platform. The hall in front of the sanctum has numerous carved pillars that have been positioned to create an effect that combines light and space wonderfully. The temple is named after the sculptor Ramappa, who built it, and is perhaps the only temple in India to be named after a craftsman who built it. History says that it took 40 years to build this temple.
The main structure is in a reddish sandstone, but the columns round the outside have large brackets of black basalt. These are carved as mythical animals or female dancers or musicians, and are "the masterpieces of Kakatiya art, notable for their delicate carving, sensuous postures and elongated bodies and heads".
The roof (garbhalayam) of the temple is built with bricks, which are so light that they are able to float on water.
Nataraja Ramakrishna revived Perini Shivatandavam (Perini Dance), by seeing the sculptures in this temple. The dance poses, written in Nritta Rathnavalid by Jayapa Senaani, also appear in these sculptures.
The temple remained intact even after repeated wars, plunder and destruction during wars and natural disasters. There was a major earthquake during the 17th century which caused some damage.
Ramappa temple is located in Palampet, Venkatapur mandal which is 19 km far from Mulugu Mandal (around 70 km off Warangal Town). It is 6 km away from Kota Gullu where another Shiva temple is located. Tourists from Hyderabad can reach to Ramappa Temple via Hanamkonda.
- Gollapudi Srinivasa Rao. "Ramappa temple never fails to surprise visitors". The Hindu. Retrieved 2015-01-01.
- "The Shiva temples at Palampet". Retrieved 2006-09-11.
- UNESCO "The Glorious Kakatiya Temples and Gateways", Tentative List
- Michell, 385
- "Warangal Temples, Telangana". Retrieved 2006-09-11.
- Michell, George, The Penguin Guide to the Monuments of India, Volume 1: Buddhist, Jain, Hindu, 1989, Penguin Books, ISBN 0140081445
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