|קניון רמת אביב|
|Location||Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel|
|Address||Einstein Street 40|
|Opening date||September 5, 1997|
|Owner||Melisron, owned by Ofer Brothers Group (73.4%), Migdal (26.6%)|
|No. of stores and services||140|
|No. of anchor tenants||3|
|Total retail floor area||17,800 square metres (192,000 sq ft)|
|No. of floors||2|
Ramat Aviv Mall (Hebrew: קניון רמת אביב) is an upscale shopping mall at 40 Einstein Street, in Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv. At a rent of $1,804 per square meter, it is Israel's most expensive mall and the 35th most expensive mall in the world. It houses many renowned international fashion brands including Louis Vuitton, Emporio Armani, Montblanc, H. Stern, Michael Kors, Calvin Klein, Tommy Hilfiger, Tumi, Longchamp, Tag heuer, Ralph Lauren, Carolina Herrera, Giorgio Armani, Chanel, Rolex, Nespresso, Hugo Boss and many others. Its gross leasable area is 17,800 square meters (192,000 sq ft) and it has 140 stores in two retail floors. Above the shopping is an office building called Ramat Aviv Mall Tower. The entire project—tower and mall—has a gross area of about 80,900 square meters (871,000 sq ft) The mall is valued at 1.699 billion shekels, or 470 million dollars.
The plan to construct the mall was announced in 1989. This plan was met with hostility by the residents of Ramat Aviv, who feared that the mall would damage their quality of life. Betsy Winer, of the Jerusalem Post, wrote, "I was opposed to its [the mall's] construction in the first place, citing it as an ugly, unnecessary eyesore - the product of greedy, rapacious entrepreneurs, and having no place in a residential area." Therefore, in 1992, some 30 residents submitted an appeal to the Supreme Court of Israel to prevent Meqarqee Mercaz Ltd., the company which was going to build the mall, from receiving a license to build a shopping mall in Ramat Aviv. This caused a delay of more than a year in constructing the mall and Meqarqee Mercaz sued the residents, claiming damages of approximately $3–5 million from them. Construction of the mall began on October 11, 1993.
In November 1996, Lev Leviev, an Orthodox Jewish diamond merchant, became the controlling shareholder of Africa Israel, which owned 74% of Meqarqee Mercaz. Although he first said that "he would not let religious considerations influence the management of the company", in March 1997 he declared that the mall would be closed on Sabbath and he required the restaurants in it to be kosher. This caused a major controversy and led to protests from Omri Padan, head of McDonald's Israel, from Israel Theaters, and from the residents of Ramat Aviv. Padan's and Israel Theaters' contracts allowed them to operate on weekends and the residents claimed that Leviev's decision violated the secular character of their neighborhood. Roni Milo, the mayor of Tel Aviv, even called for a boycott of the shopping mall and Dan Darin, the deputy mayor, stated that the city would not grant Africa Israel new building permits if they were to close the mall on weekends. This caused Africa Israel's stock to drop by 20 percent. On May 7, 1997, Africa Israel decided to allow the McDonald's restaurant in the mall to be non-kosher. The mall and the office building above it opened on September 5, 1997. An arbitrator, Dov Levin, a retired Israeli Supreme Court Justice, was given the right to decide whether or not the cinemas and the restaurants would open on Sabbath. He ruled that they would remain closed because the Tel Aviv bylaws, although rarely enforced, state that entertainment spots and eateries must close on Sabbath. The controversy actually pleased the other store owners, who, because of the mass exposure of the mall, profited more than they expected.
In 2006, the McDonald's branch in the mall became kosher. The decision was initiated by McDonald's itself. In late 2007, the administration of the mall announced that it was going to close down the Lev Cinema. This led to some protests. On its place some stores were built, including the first Apple store in Israel. In April 2009, Africa Israel, which owned 73.4% of the mall, sold its part to Melisron, a company owned by the Ofer Brothers Group, for 1.5 billion shekels. The insurance company Migdal owns the remaining 26.6%.
Description of the mall
Ramat Aviv Mall stretches on an area of 80,876 square meters (870,542 sq ft). This area includes the retail areas, the office areas, the underground and upper parking lots, and the public spaces and parks surrounding the mall. The main entrance of the mall is in Einstein Street 40, and there are two other entrances in Brazil Street and in Brodetsky Street. Approximately 24,000 people visit the mall each day and it is considered one of the most successful shopping malls in Israel, if not the most successful.
About 140 stores operate in the shopping mall. There are 3 anchor stores—Hamashbir Lazarchan, Super-Pharm, and Zara. The fashion stores Ralph Lauren, Calvin Klein, and Guess opened their first stores in Israel in Ramat Aviv Mall. Food companies in the mall include McDonald's, Burger King, Arcaffe, Sbarro, Boston Deli, and Ilan's House of Coffee.
The parking lot contains about 1,550 parking spaces. There are also about 200 parking spaces on the roof of the mall. About 7,200 people use the parking lot each day. Ramat Aviv Mall also has an area of about 7,970 m2 (85,788 sq ft) of offices, located primarily in the medical center and in the office building above the mall. The medical center is located on the third floor of the mall and has an area of about 2,100 m2 (22,604 sq ft). It includes therapy rooms, surgery rooms and resting rooms. The office building, with 15 floors and a height of 58 meters (190 ft 3 in), comprises an area of about 5,300 m2 (57,049 sq ft). The embassies of Norway, Finland, and Croatia are situated in the building, along with law firms.
- "קניון רמת-אביב נפתח מחר לתקופת הרצה". Globes. September 4, 1997
- Chayut, Ilanit. "עזריאלי בראש, מלחה שני". Globes. 8 November 2010.
- "קניון רמת אביב". Kenyonim.com.
- "Ramat Aviv is Israel's most expensive mall". Ynet. 2 October 2010.
- "Ramat Aviv Mall Tower". Emporis.
- "מליסרון בע"מ - דוחות כספיים ליום 30 יוני 2009" Archived 2012-03-15 at the Wayback Machine. Magna - Distribution Site. June 30, 2009.
- Rosenberg, Daviv. How Many Shopping Malls Are Too Many?". Jerusalem Post. 6 January 1989.
- Sommer, Allison Kaplan. "Ramat Aviv Mall opens". Jerusalem Post. 15 September 1997.
- Betsy, Winer. "The Ramat Aviv Mall" Jerusalem Post. 4 April 1997.
- "Article: Mall delay causes damages claim. (Meqarqee Mercaz Ltd. sues Ramat Aviv residents who delayed construction)". Israel Business Today. 23 May 1993.
- Olpiner, Dovrat. "חוות דעת של מומחה שומת נכס - קניו "אביב" ונכסים סמוכים רח' איינשטיין, רח' ברזיל, תל אביב"[permanent dead link]. Greenberg Olpiner & Co.. 21 May 2007
- Beck, Galit Lipkis. "Africa Israel's new mall will close on Shabbat". Jerusalem Post. 4 March 1997
- Strasler, Nehemia. "The Ayatollah of Ramat Aviv". Jerusalem Post. March 5, 1997.
- Derfner, Larry. "So tell me - who's a coercer...?". Jerusalem Post. March 7, 1997.
- Yudelman, Michal. "Business as usual in Tel Aviv". Jerusalem Post. March 15, 1997.
- Keinon, Herb. "From Rehov Bar-Ilan to Ramat Aviv". Jerusalem Post. March 18, 1997.
- "Israeli Franchisee Fights To Stay Open On Sabbath". The Seattle Times. March 23, 1997.
- Levin, Elazar. "Africa Israel to Permit McDonald’s to Open Non-Kosher Restaurant in Ramat-Aviv Mall" Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine. Globes. May 7, 1997.
- Sandler, Neal. "A TEMPEST OVER SABBATH LAWS...GIVES McDONALD'S A BIG BEEF (int'l edition)". BusinessWeek. December 22, 1997.
- Goldstein, Tani. "McDonalds in Ramat Aviv goes kosher". Ynet. September 11, 2006.
- Ofek, Dorit. "Lev vs. Lev". Jerusalem Post. December 21, 2007.
- Oren, Nili. "אין להם לב". Nana 10. 9 December 2007
- Hoffman, Tzahi. "Apple opens first Israeli store". Globes. 22 September 2008.
- "אפריקה מוכרת את קניון רמת-אביב וקניון סביונים למליסרון לפי שווי של 1.74 מיליארד שקל". Globes. 7 April 2009.
- "משה רוזנבלום - מנהל חטיבת הקניונים של בריטיש ישראל - הודיע על כוונתו לסיים את עבודתו בחברה". The Marker. 16 August 2009. Moshe Rosenblum, Chief Executive Officer of British Israel Investments, the leading property company in Israel in the field of shopping malls and commercial centers, said: "They [Melisron Ltd.] bought the best mall in Israel. We did not see another way to significantly increase the returns of the mall, so we decided not to acquire it."
- "Embassy and Consulates". Norway - the official site in Israel.
- "Embassy and residence".Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
- "קרואטיה". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
- "נכסים מניבים - קניון רמת אביב" Archived 2011-08-19 at the Wayback Machine. Ofer Brothers Group