Ramat Yohanan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ramat Yohanan
KIBBUTZ RAMAT YOHANAN. קיבוץ רמת יוחנן.D833-071.jpg
Ramat Yohanan is located in Haifa region of Israel
Ramat Yohanan
Ramat Yohanan
Coordinates: 32°47′34.44″N 35°7′16.67″E / 32.7929000°N 35.1212972°E / 32.7929000; 35.1212972Coordinates: 32°47′34.44″N 35°7′16.67″E / 32.7929000°N 35.1212972°E / 32.7929000; 35.1212972
DistrictHaifa
CouncilZevulun
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded1932
Founded byNative Jews and American immigrants
Population (2017)[1]969
Websitewww.kry.org.il

Ramat Yohanan (Hebrew: רָמַת יוֹחָנָן‬, lit. Yohanan Heights) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located near Kiryat Ata and adjacent to the kibbutzim of Kfar HaMaccabi and Usha, it falls under the jurisdiction of Zevulun Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 969.[1] In 2014, Forbes Israel ranked the Kibbutz as the 6th richest in Israel with an estimated value of 250 million Shekels.[2]

History[edit]

The kibbutz was founded in 1932 on land bought by Yehoshua Hankin from the Lebanese in 1925. The founders were a mix of native Jews and immigrants from the United States. It was named after the South African politician Jan Smuts, who was a prominent supporter of Zionism. In 1941, Yitzhak Rabin joined the Palmach section of the Haganah during his stay at kibbutz Ramat Yohanan.

It was the location of the Battle of Ramat Yohanan during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine. The Druze regiment of the Arab Liberation Army were confronted by the Haganah soldiers. During the battle the defenders ran out of ammunition and fought with knives before they were re-supplied. Subsequently, the Druze ran out of ammunition and withdrew to their base in Shefa-'Amr with many casualties. As a result of their defeat, many Druze swapped sides in the conflict, and began co-operating with the Haganah.

Members of the Yiftach Brigade stationed at Ramat Yohanan in 1948
Immigrant reception day at Ramat Yohanan. 1948

Economy[edit]

The kibbutz grows produce including mainly avocado, lychee and citrus fruits. The kibbutz has large dairy farm of 600 milk cows, thousand acres of fields, and a large chicken breeding farm.

The main economical power of the kibbutz comes from the company Palram, which mainly manufactures plastic sheets for the building industry.[3]

Beginning in the 1970s, Ramat Yohanan hosted a ulpan program. In recent years aimed primarily at American and Russian students, the program ceased operating in 2017 mostly due to Israeli government changes to immigration evaluations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. ^ (Hebrew) http://www.forbes.co.il/rating/list.aspx?en6v0tVq=GG
  3. ^ "Palram Global Operations".