Ramechhap District

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Ramechhap District

Panch Pokhari at Ramechhap
Panch Pokhari at Ramechhap
Location of district in province
Location of district in province
Ramechhap with local level body
Ramechhap with local level body
Country   Nepal
ProvinceBagmati Province
Admin HQ.Manthali
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Ramechhap
 • Total1,546 km2 (597 sq mi)
 • Total202,646
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
Main Language(s)Nepali, Sunuwar, Tamang, Newari and Haayu

Ramechhap District (Nepali: रामेछाप जिल्लाAbout this soundListen ), a part of Bagmati Province, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, known as Kirat Ramechhap, with Manthali as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,546 km2 (597 sq mi) and has a population (2011) of 202,646[1] and a density of 137.4 per km2.

According to LLRCNepal[2] there are now eight local administrations in the district: Manthali Municipality, Ramechhap Municipality, Umakunda Rural Municipality, Khandadevi Rural Municipality, Gokulganga Rural Municipality, Doramba Rural Municipality, Likhu Rural Municipality and Sunapati Rural Municipality.[3]

The district has the highest population of the endangered native group the Kusunda and has the lowest population growth rate in Nepal.[4]


The district was named after Ramechhap village. The word Ramechhap comes from two Nepali words, Ram (person's name) and Chhap (mark). According to folklore, the village of Ramechhap was once occupied by Tamang people. A Tamang of the village, Ram by name received mukhtiyari of the village by royal decree. So, the land ownership and other legal activities were performed in the village by the stamp (chhap) of Ram.

Similarly, according to another folklore, the grassland of Ramechhap village was occupied by Tamang people. Those people daily used to rear their domesticated animals such as Buffalo, Goat and others in the open meadow. In Tamang language, "Ra" means Goat, "Mey" means ox, and "Chhawa" means their small offspring. By the time and mouth to mouth pronunciation the meadow has become "Ramechhap" and later the place has been named Ramechhap. Hence, the district is called Ramechhap.[5]

Geography and climate[edit]

Climate Zone[6] Elevation Range % of Area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
Nival above 5,000 meters  7.3%


At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Ramechhap District had a population of 202,646. Of these, 59.5% spoke Nepali, 18.2% Tamang, 6.9% Newari, 5.1% Sherpa, 3.7% Sunuwar, 2.1% Majhi, 2.0% Magar, 1.0% Thami and 0.5% Hyolmo/Yolmo as their first language.

35.5% of the population in the district spoke Nepali and 0.5% Bahing as their second language.[7]

Old Village Development Committees (VDCs)[edit]

Map of the VDCs in Ramechhap District

Newly formed local administrative bodies[edit]

Name Nepali Population (2011) Area (km2) Density
Manthali Municipality मन्थली नगरपालिका 213
Ramechhap Municipality रामेछाप नगरपालिका 203
Umakunda Rural Municipality उमाकुँण्ड गाउँपालिका 451
Khandadevi Rural Municipality खाँडादेभी गाउँपालिका 151
Doramba Rural Municipality दोरम्वा गाउँपालिका 141
Gokulganga Rural Municipality गोकुलगँगा गाउँपालिका 197
Likhutamakoshi Rural Municipality लिखु तामाकोशी गाउँपालिका 125
Sunapati Rural Municipality सुनापति गाउँपालिका 85

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Household and population by districts, Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) Nepal Archived 2013-07-31 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ District Profile of Ramechhap at Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal website (in Nepali) Archived 2009-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Book: Ramechhap:Introduction, Publication: District Development Committee, Ramechhap, Language: Nepali
  6. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series, No. 110, 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  7. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°20′0″N 86°5′0″E / 27.33333°N 86.08333°E / 27.33333; 86.08333