Rameh

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For the villages in Iran, see Rameh, Iran.
Rameh
  • רָמָה, ראמה
  • الرامه
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Ráma
 • Also spelled Rame (official)
al-Rama (unofficial)
Rameh.jpg
Rameh is located in Israel
Rameh
Rameh
Coordinates: 32°56′21.3″N 35°22′1.61″E / 32.939250°N 35.3671139°E / 32.939250; 35.3671139Coordinates: 32°56′21.3″N 35°22′1.61″E / 32.939250°N 35.3671139°E / 32.939250; 35.3671139
Grid position 184/260 PAL
District Northern
Government
 • Type Local council (from 2005)
Area
 • Total 6,118 dunams (6.118 km2 or 2.362 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 7,500
Name meaning "Lofty" or "Elevated"[1]

Rameh (Arabic: الرامة‎; Hebrew: רָמָה; also ar-Rame or ar-Rama) is an Arab town in the North District of Israel. It is located east of Bi'ina and Karmiel.

History[edit]

Edward Robinson identifies Rameh with the ancient Ramah of Asher (Joshua 19:29), citing its location and ancient sarcophagi discovered on a hill outside the village as evidence.[2]

The village is situated on an ancient site, atop a hill at the edge of Beit HaKerem Valley. To the east are remains of Roman baths, dating to the 2nd to 4th century, and oil presses from the same period. South and southeast are remains of buildings foundations, including an Aramaic inscription on a lintel, which indicate a 3rd to 4th century synagogue. To the northeast of the Roman bath are the remains of a large basilica. This was excavated in 1972, and very large column bases were found, together with polychrome mosaics representing fauna and flora.[3]

Rameh was a major town during the rule of the Crusaders.[citation needed]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, Rameh was with the rest of Palestine incorporated into the Ottoman Empire after it was captured from the Mamluks, and by 1596, it was a village under the administration of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Akka, (Liwa ("District") of Safad), with a population of 96 households, all Muslim. It paid taxes on silk spinning (dulab harir),[4] goats, beehives, and a press that was used for processing either olives or grapes, in addition to paying a fixed, or lump sum.[5] A map from Napoleon's invasion of 1799 by Pierre Jacotin showed the place, named as "Ramah".[6]

The French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village in 1875, and found it to have 800 inhabitants, half Christian and half Druze.[7] In 1881 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as "a village, built of stone, of good materials, containing a Greek chapel and about 600 Christians and 500 Druzes; it is situated in plains, with large olive-groves, gardens and vineyards; five perennial springs near the village, and several cisterns in it."[8]

British Mandate era[edit]

It was one of the largest villages in the Galilee during the period of Ottoman Empire control. In 1923, Rameh became the first village in Palestine to receive self-governing status granted by the British Mandate and had the largest olive orchards in the area. It was granted permission to self-govern through a village council.[9]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Al Rameh had a total population 847, 28 Muslims, 624 Christians, and 195 Druze.[10] Of the Christians, 474 were Orthodox, 47 Catholics, 102 Greek Catholic (Melchite) and 1 Maronite.[11] This had increased in the 1931 census of Palestine, when Er Rama had 254 houses, with a total population of 1142. Of these, 70 were Muslim, 746 Christians, and 326 Druze.[12]

In 1945 Er Rama had a population of 1,690, all Arabs, with 24,516 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 8,310 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 3,078 used for cereals,[14] while 56 dunams were built-up land.[15]

post 1948[edit]

It was captured by Haganah forces in 1948, becoming a part of Israel, and later achieving local council status in 1954.[citation needed]

Demography[edit]

51% of the residents of Rameh are Christian, 29% are Druze and 20% are Muslim.[citation needed]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 92
  2. ^ Robinson, 1856, pp. 64-65.
  3. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 705
  4. ^ Rhode, Harold (1979). "The Administration and Population of the Sancak of Safed in the Sixteenth Century". PhD dissertation, Columbia University. Retrieved 2014-10-10.  See p. 145 for the silk tax, and p. 5 for the date.
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 190
  6. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 166.
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 453
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p. 204
  9. ^ Survey of Palestine British Mandate of Palestine. Vol. 1, p.132.
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Acre, p. 36
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 50
  12. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 102.
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 41
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 81
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 131

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]