Ramesh Chandra Jha

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Ramesh Chandra Jha
रमेशचन्द्र झा
Born (1928-05-08)8 May 1928
Motihari, Bihar and Orissa Province, British India
Died (1994-04-07)7 April 1994 (aged 65)
Motihari, Bihar, India
Occupation Poet, novelist, journalist, freedom fighter
Language Hindi, English, Bhojpuri, Maithili, Sanskrit
Nationality Indian
Period 1950s-1970s
Spouse Suryamukhi Devi
Children Vinayak Jha, Reeta Jha
Relatives Laxmi Narayan Jha (father), Anuranjan Jha, Sanjeev K Jha (grandchildren)


Ramesh Chandra Jha (8 May 1928 – 7 April 1994) was an Indian poet, novelist and freedom fighter. Son of a senior gandhian Lakshmi Narayan Jha, who was offered to become the first chief minister of bihar but refused as he called himself a freedom fighter then a politician. Ramesh Chandra Jha's poems, ghazals and stories evoke patriotism and human values. Romanticism and struggle of life are also important aspects of his writing. His poetry expresses concerns of people's life struggle, their dreams and hopes.

His research published as Apne Aur Sapne : A Literary Journey Of Champaran in the 1960s traced the rich literary heritage of Champaran in Bihar and noted the upcoming young poets such as Dinesh Bhramar and Pandey Ashutosh.[1]

Life history[edit]

Harivansh Rai Bachchan's letter to Ramesh Chandra Jha
Ramesh Chandra Jha is sharing stage of Akhil Bhartiya Kavi Sammelan with his contemporary poets Bhawani Prasad Mishra, Janki Ballabh Shastri and others
Ramesh Chandra Jha (right) is being awarded in West Bengal
Ramesh Chandra Jha (left) with his freedom fighter friends
Tamra Patra award given by Indira Gandhi for his participation in the Indian freedom struggle
"Swadheenta Samar Mein Sugauli" launched in Bhor Literature Festival, 2016

Ramesh Chandra Jha was born on 8 May 1928 in Fulwariya village of Sugauli in East Champaran district, known as Motihari, Bihar. His father, Laxmi Narayan Jha, was a well-known patriot and freedom fighter who fought against British rule and was arrested many times, including on 15 April 1917 when Mahatma Gandhi visited Champaran for his Satyagrah movement. That incident inspired the son to become rebellious and he was convicted of robbery at the age of 14. Even Ramesh Jha created various chaos insie the jail and become problemtic for british officers.[citation needed]

Jha was not just a patriotic poet but went to jail many times during British rule because of his involvement in the Quit India Movement.[2][3] He was student of Hazarimal High School, Raxaul that time and was entrapped into several cases of the robbery at police stations during freedom struggle. In his school days he led student protest and was later thrown out from the school.

S. R. Bakshi and Ritu Chaturvedi in his research based book have said that

At his phulwariya village in great hardship, Gokul Thakur ordered Ramesh Chandra and Rama Kant Jha to go to Sugaon and to take account of the articles were removed and also the condition of imposed collective fines. Since both these persons view of prematured age, there was not much possibility of their being arrested. But both of them were arrested happily and imprisoned for two years under the Section 38(v) of the Indian safety act...[4]

While in jail, Jha studied Indian literature and after the independence of India, like his father, rather than joining politics, he became a poet and novelist. In a Muktak (poem), Jha had expressed his feelings in a poetry- "जंगल झाड़ भरे खंडहर में सोया पाँव पसार, दलित ग़ुलाम देश का मारा हारा थका फ़रार..."[clarification needed]

Honours and awards[edit]

  • 15 August 1972, on the 25th anniversary of Indian independence, Indira Gandhi awarded him with Tamra Patra for his participation in the Indian freedom struggle.
  • Awarded by Dr Uday Narayan Tiwari Award on 2 October 1993 at the National Bhojpuri Language Summit in Raniganj, West Bengal.

Ramesh Chandra Jha Memorial Award[edit]

Ramesh Chandra Jha Smiriti Samman 2016 to Vibhuti Narain Rai
Ramesh Chandra Jha Smiriti Samman 2016 is given by Senior Journalist Arvind Mohan in Motihari, Bihar to Vibhuti Narain Rai
2nd Ramesh Chandra Jha Smiriti Samman 2017 is given by Senior Journalist Arvind Mohan to Laxmi Shankar Bajpai at Phulwaria

On 04-5 March 2016 on the occasion of completing 200 years of Treaty of Sugauli BHOR Organization had conducted Sugauli Sandhi Samaroh 2016. In this festival an important historical book about Sugauli and its past, Swadheenta Samar Mein Sugauli, had been launched and the Ramesh Chandra Jha Smriti Samman for writer and journalist had been awarded.[5]

On 4 March 2016 the journalist Arvind Mohan, ex-DGP (Uttar Pradesh) and the former Vice-Chancellor of Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya, Vibhuti Narain Rai, along with many other special guests, launched Ramesh Chandra Jha's historical book titled Swadheenta Samar Mein Sugauli.[6]

Bhor Charitable Trust conducted 2nd Bhor Literature Festival 2017 on the occasion of 100 Years of famous Gandhi's Champaran Satyagrah. This event was held at historical Phulwaria village (Birth Place of Ramesh Chandra Jha) of Champaran on 15–16 April 2017, during the festival 2nd Ramesh Chandra Jha Smriti Samman was given to Laxmi Shankar Bajpai. Bhor has Started Guruvar Dinesh Chandra Jha Bhor Rural olympiad. BRO for rural school children. In the year 2017 it has given to 12 students of Champaran region. Guruvar Dinesh Chandra Jha was the renowned teacher and younger brother of Ramesh Chandra Jha.

Major literary works[edit]

Poetry Collection (काव्य-संग्रह)

  • Murlika, (मुरलिका)
  • Priyamvada (प्रियंवदा-खण्ड काव्य),
  • Swagatika, (स्वगातिका)
  • Megh-geet, (मेघ-गीत)
  • Aag-phool, (आग-फूल)
  • Bharat Desh Humara, (भारत देश हमारा)
  • Jawaan Jagte Raho, (जवान जागते रहो)
  • Marichika, (मरीचिका)
  • Jai Bharat Jai Gandhi, (जय भारत जय गांधी)
  • Jai Bolo Hindustan Ki, (जय बोलो हिन्दुस्तान की)
  • Priyadarshni (प्रियदर्शनी-श्रद्धा काव्य)
  • Deep Jalta Raha, (दीप चलता रहा)
  • Challo-Dilli, (चलो-दिल्ली)
  • Neel Ke Daag (नील के दाग)

Historical Novel (ऐतिहासिक उपन्यास)

  • Durg Ka Ghera (दुर्ग का घेरा) [प्र० व०- 1958,सुभाष पुस्तक मंडल, बनारस]
  • Majaar Ka Diya,[7] (मजार का दीया) [प्र० व०- 1962, चौधरी एंड संस, बनारस]
  • Mitti Bol Uthi (मिट्टी बोल उठी) [प्र० व०- 1962, चौधरी एंड संस, बनारस]
  • Rao-Hammir, (राव हम्मीर) [प्र० व०- 1963, सुभाष पुस्तक मंडल, बनारस]
  • Vatsraj,[8] (वत्स-राज) [प्र० व०- 1956, चौधरी एंड संस, बनारस]
  • Kunvar Singh, (कुंवर सिंह)
  • Kaling Ka Lahu (कलिंग का लहू)

Patriotic Work (राष्ट्रीय साहित्य)

  • Yah Desh Hai Veer Jawanon Ka (Poetry Collection)[9] (यह देश है वीर जवानों का)
  • Swadheenta Samar Mein:Sugauli (Prose) (स्वाधीनता समर में:सुगौली)

Social-Political Novel (सामाजिक-राजनीतिक उपन्यास)

  • Dharti Ki Dhool (धरती की धुल)
  • Jeevan-Daan (जीवन-दान) [प्र० व०- 1955, चौधरी एंड संस, कलकत्ता]
  • Roop Ki Rakh (रूप की राख)
  • Paas Ki Duri (पास की दूरी)
  • Meera Nachi Re (मीरा नाची रे)
  • Kaante Aur Kaliyan (काँटे और कलियाँ) [सुभाष पुस्तक मंडल, बनारस]

Children's Literature (बाल साहित्य)

  • Sone Ka Kangan (सोने का कंगन)
  • Chanda Ka Doot (चंदा का दूत)
  • Bandar Lala (बन्दर लाला)
  • Kehte Chalo Sunte Chalo (कहते चलो सुनते चलो)
  • Inse Sikho Inse Jano (इनसे सीखो इनसे जानो)
  • Kavita Bhari Kahaani (कविता भरी कहानी)
  • Naya Desh Nai Kahani (नया देश नई कहानी)
  • Gata Chal Bajata Chal (गाता चल बजाता चल)
  • Kaisi Rahi Kahaani (कैसी रही कहानी)
  • Aao Suno Kahaani (आओ सुनो कहानी)
  • Ek Samay Ki Baat(Novel) (एक समय की बात)
  • Aage Kadam Badhao (आगे कदम बढाओ)
  • Bachho Suno Kahaani (बच्चो सुनो कहानी)
  • Aao Padhte Jao (आओ पढ़ते जाओ)

Autobiographical Novel (आत्मकथात्मक उपन्यास)

  • Vidyapati (विद्यापति)
  • Bharat Putri (भारत-पुत्री)

Research Work (शोध कार्य)

  • Champaran Ki Sahitya Sadhana (चम्पारन की साहित्य साधना) (1958)
  • Apne Aur Sapne:A Literary Journey Of Champaran (अपने और सपने: चम्पारन की साहित्य यात्रा) (1988)
  • Champaran:Literature & Literary Writers (चम्पारन: साहित्य और साहित्यकार) (1967)

Bhojpuri Novel (भोजपुरी उपन्यास)

  • Surma Sagun Bichare Na (भोजपुरी का पहला धारावाहिक उपन्यास)

See also[edit]


External links[edit]