Ramesh Raskar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ramesh Raskar
Ramesh Raskar at TED Conference.jpg
Ramesh Raskar at TED Conferences.
Born1970
ResidenceCambridge, Massachusetts
CitizenshipAmerican
Alma materUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Government College of Engineering, University of Pune
Purushottam English School
Known forShader lamps, Femto-photography, CORNAR, Computational photography, HR3D, EyeNetra StreetAddressForAll
AwardsTR100, Lemelson–MIT Prize, ACM SIGGRAPH Achievement Award 2017
Scientific career
FieldsComputer scientist
InstitutionsMassachusetts Institute of Technology
Doctoral advisorHenry Fuchs and Greg Welch

Ramesh Raskar is a Massachusetts Institute of Technology Associate Professor and head of the MIT Media Lab's Camera Culture research group.[2][3][4] Previously he worked as a Senior Research Scientist at Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories (MERL) during 2002 to 2008.[5] He holds over ninety patents in computer vision, computational health, sensors and imaging.[6][7] He received the $500K Lemelson–MIT Prize in 2016.[8] The prize money will be used for launching REDX.io, a group platform for co-innovation in Artificial Intelligence.[9] He is well known for inventing EyeNetra (mobile device to calculate eyeglasses prescription), EyeCatra (cataract screening) and EyeSelfie (retinal imaging), Femto-photography (trillion frames per second imaging)[10][citation needed] and his TED talk for cameras to see around corners.[11]

Early life and education[edit]

Ramesh Raskar was born in Nashik, India and he finished his engineering education from College of Engineering, Pune.[12][13] He finished his PhD at UNC Chapel Hill.[14]

Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories[edit]

Raskar joined Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories in 2002.[15] His significant contribution in computer vision and imaging domain led him to win 'TR 100' in 2004, 'The Global Indus Technovator Award' in 2004 respectively.[16][17]

MIT Media Lab[edit]

Raskar joined MIT Media Lab in 2008.[18] Raskar, together with others developed a computational display technology that allows observers with refractive errors, cataracts and some other eye disorders to perceive a focused image on a screen without wearing refraction-corrective spectacles. The technology uses a light field display in combination with customized filtering algorithms that pre-distort the presented content for the observer.[19][20]

His lab produced a number of extreme highspeed pictures using a femto-camera that took images at around one-trillion frames per second.[21] They have also developed a camera to see around corners using bursts of laser light.[22]

Juliett Fiss has covered his role as the catalyst behind the Siggraph NEXT program at Siggraph 2015 in Los Angeles.[23]

Raskar was awarded the "2017 CG Achievement Award" by ACM SIGGRAPH for his potential contribution in computational photography and light transport and their applications for social impact.[24]

He has been influential in deploying research ideas in the real world. Startups created by members of his CameraCulture research group include EyeNetra.com (ophthalmic tests), Photoneo (high speed 3D sensing), Labby (AI for food testing), Lumii (novel printing for 3D imagery), LensBricks (computer vision with computational imaging), Tesseract (personalized display) and more. Non-profits emerging from his efforts include REDX.io (AI for Social Impact), MIT Emerging Worlds, LVP-MITra, REDX-WeSchool, DigitalImpactSquare and more.

He serves on the Expert Commission of $3.5 Billion Botnar Fondation as AI and Health expert.

JJ Abrams and Ramesh Raskar at MIT Media Lab, 2012
JJ Abrams and Ramesh Raskar at MIT Media Lab, 2012

Philosophies on Innovation[edit]

Raskar has presented a series of talks and workshops on innovation processes.

They include his Idea Hexagon, How to give an engaging talk, How to prepare for a thesis, How to write a paper and the Spot-Probe method for problem-solution identification. In 2019, he presented doctoral hooding commencement speech at UNC Chapel Hill [25].

Key ideas from his interview with Lemelson Foundation are as follows.

  • Cleverness alone is not enough to become a good inventor
  • Inventor’s job is to think in an anti-disciplinary manner – look beyond disciplines
  • The true power of an inventor is less about expertise on one subject, but rather the ability to ask questions no one else is asking and follow the trail of answers as they are revealed.
  • The "spot probe" methodology is something every inventor needs to master. It is a continual cycle: Ask a lot of questions. Spot a lot of problems. Articulate those problems. Then probe their potential solutions.
  • Solving big societal problems requires both passion and skill, but those qualities exist on two different axes. The hardest problems to work on are found where those two axes intersect – where passion meets skill.
  • To make a grand difference, ensure the problem you’re trying to solve is the right problem. Solve the right problems at the right time.
  • Invention is all about people. If you don't work with the right people you don't get inspired to work in the right way.
  • Difference between problem-solving and invention – working in isolation can just solve a problem, while to invent you need give and take.
Idea Hexagon framework by Ramesh Raskar depicts how to invent new ideas from a given a central idea 'X' using six formulas.

See the world in a new or different way, and great things will happen. The next generation of young inventors will then spot a whole new set of problems and probe for solutions that no one can begin to predict.[26]

Philosophy of DAPS/DOPS and its global impact[edit]

In his recent talk, Raskar mentioned, "Instead of apps, let’s think about DAPS (Digital Applications for Physical Services) Or DOPS. If you want to make it broader, we can have DOPS (Digital Opportunities for Physical Services). With DOPS and DAPS we have an opportunity to impact the physical world in areas where we simply couldn’t before".[27]

REDX.io[edit]

Raskar’s philosophy on ‘Learn, Think and Apply’ encourages him to form REDX.io platform. REDX’s goal is to promote peer to peer learning, peer to peer problem solving in more systematic ways! REDX labs are working on following keywords: Wearables, Agriculture, Camera, Health, Unorganized Sector, Satellite Imaging, Machine Learning, Mobile, Social Graph, Crowd Sourcing, Sensors. They are physical lab with very well-funded and innovators working with critical problems. REDX Mumbai is funded by TATA trust. DISQ in Nashik funded by TCS foundations, a multibillion-dollar lab! REDX lab in Brazil is well funded by local trust. REDX clubs operate as non-profit organizations. Innovators and their solutions have the opportunity to interact with other REDX clubs and work in REDX labs worldwide. The onboarding process to become a REDX club includes a 10-week course, appointing a board and an academic advisor, establishing a community coalition, and recruiting innovators and mentors. Clubs receive certification directly from Dr.Raskar.[28]

Awards and Fellowships[edit]

  • TR100 Award from Technology Review (recognizes top young innovators under the age of 35)[29]
  • The Global Indus Technovator Award (instituted at MIT to recognize the top 20 Indian technology innovators worldwide)[30]
  • MIT Sloan Research Fellowship[31]
  • DARPA Young Faculty Award[32][33][34]
  • LAUNCH Health Innovation Award, presented by NASA, USAID, US State Dept and NIKE[35][36]
  • PharmaVOICE 100[37]
  • Vodafone Wireless Innovation Project Award (first place)[38]
  • Lemelson–MIT Prize ($500,000)[39][40]
  • 2017 ACM SIGGRAPH Achievement Award[41]
  • 2019 Jack Dangermond Award $10,000 for GeoSpatial Research in a Journal Paper (for Street Address for All)[42]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MIT and the shortcut to Nirvana". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  2. ^ "BBC News - Super-camera shows how light moves". Bbc.co.uk. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  3. ^ "MIT experts embark on health-mapping scheme". Times of India. 29 August 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Exclusive: MIT Professor Ramesh Raskar busts biggest Startup Myths". The Business Insider. 8 February 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  5. ^ "In Profile: Ramesh Raskar". MIT News. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  6. ^ Raskar, Ramesh. "Patent portfolio". USPTO.
  7. ^ Raskar, Ramesh. "Patent Timeline" (PDF). Lemelson-MIT.
  8. ^ "Imaging Scientist and Social Impact Inventor Awarded $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize". Lemelson-MIT Prize.
  9. ^ "This Winner of a Big Foundation Prize Aims to Boost Other "Impact Inventors"".
  10. ^ "Femto-photography", Wikipedia, 16 February 2019, retrieved 15 May 2019
  11. ^ Raskar, Ramesh, Imaging at a trillion frames per second, retrieved 24 January 2018
  12. ^ "In Profile: Ramesh Raskar".
  13. ^ "MIT and the shortcut to Nirvana". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  14. ^ "In Profile: Ramesh Raskar". MIT News. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  15. ^ "In Profile: Ramesh Raskar". MIT News. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  16. ^ "MIT Professor Ramesh Raskar busts biggest Startup Myths". Business Insider India. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  17. ^ "Technovator Awards". MIT.
  18. ^ "In Profile: Ramesh Raskar". MIT News. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  19. ^ Pamplona, Vitor F.; Oliveira, Manuel M.; Aliaga, Daniel G.; Raskar, Ramesh (2012). "Tailored Displays to Compensate for Visual Aberrations". ACM Transactions on Graphics. 31 (4): 1–12. doi:10.1145/2185520.2185577.
  20. ^ Huang, Fu-Chung; Wetzstein, Gordon; Barsky, Brian A.; Raskar, Ramesh (2014). "Eyeglasses-free display". ACM Transactions on Graphics. 33 (4): 1–12. doi:10.1145/2601097.2601122. hdl:1721.1/92749.
  21. ^ "Ramesh Raskar | Profile on". Ted.com. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  22. ^ Jones, Orion (30 September 2011). "Ramesh Raskar: An Immigrant's Story | IdeaFeed". Big Think. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  23. ^ "What is Siggraph NEXT". 1 January 1970. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  24. ^ "2017 CG Achievement Award: Ramesh Raskar".
  25. ^ UNC-Chapel Hill (17 May 2019), Ramesh Raskar | 2019 Doctoral Hooding Ceremony Keynote Address | UNC-Chapel Hill, retrieved 18 May 2019
  26. ^ "A Conversation with Ramesh Raskar". 5 April 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  27. ^ "How to impact on billions of lives through disruptive innovations".
  28. ^ "This Winner of a Big Foundation Prize Aims to Boost Other "Impact Inventors"".
  29. ^ "MIT Professor Ramesh Raskar busts biggest Startup Myths". Business Insider India. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  30. ^ "Technovator Awards". MIT.
  31. ^ "Six junior faculty named Sloan Research Fellows". MIT News. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  32. ^ "DARPA Young Faculty Award". Northeastern University.
  33. ^ "Awards Info". DARPA. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  34. ^ "List of DARPA Award recipients" (PDF). Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  35. ^ "Innovating for Billions: Inverting the Research and Funding Models". Stanford University. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  36. ^ "Intro of Dr Raskar". GES. Global Entrepreneur sUMMIT. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  37. ^ "Raskar was awarded PharmaVOICE 100 his positive contributions to the life-sciences industry".
  38. ^ "Ramesh Raskar Intro". Tata Center at MIT. Tata Center for Technology and Design. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  39. ^ "Inverting the Venture Model, Ramesh Raskar's REDX platform- Congrats to Ramesh Raskar for receiving the $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize Invention-Imaging scientist and inventor sets sights on launching peer-to-peer invention platforms for global impact". John Werner. The Medium. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  40. ^ "Ramesh Raskar Inventor of Femto-photography; Awarded $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize". Lemelson MIT. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  41. ^ "2017 CG Achievement Award: Ramesh Raskar".
  42. ^ "The Jack Dangermond Award". www.isprs.org. Retrieved 15 May 2019.

External links[edit]