Ramesseum medical papyri

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The Ramesseum medical papyri constitute a collection of ancient Egyptian medical documents dating back to the early 18th century BC, found in the temple of the Ramesseum.[1] As with most ancient Egyptian medical papyri, these documents mainly dealt with ailments, diseases, the structure of the body, and proposed remedies used to heal these afflictions,[1] namely ophthalmologic ailments, gynaecology, muscles, tendons, and diseases of children.[2] It is the only well-known papyrus to describe these in great detail.[1] Most of the text written in the known manuscripts of this collection are in parts III, IV, and V, and written in vertical columns.[1]

Papyrus IV deals with issues similar to the Kahun Gynecological Papyrus, such as labor, the protection of the newborn, ways to predict the likelihood of its survival, and ways to predict which gender the newborn will be. It also contains a contraception formula.[3]

Papyrus V contains numerous prescriptions dealing with the relaxation of limbs, written in hieroglyphic script, rather than hieratic script as other medical papyri were.[3]

Papyrus III of this collection, in addition to other medical papyri of its time period, may provide information about the eruption of Santorini and the medical problems it caused, as well as possible support for the ninth biblical plague of darkness:


  1. ^ a b c d Marry, Austin (January 21, 2004). "Ancient Egyptian Medical Papyri". Ancient Egypt Fan. Eircom Limited. Retrieved 2007-12-24.
  2. ^ "Medicine of the Pharaohs: For Every Malady a Cure". Coptic Medical Society UK. Retrieved 2014-04-22.
  3. ^ a b "The Oldest Medical Books in the World". Ancient Medicine - World Research News Articles. World Research Foundation. Retrieved 2007-12-24.
  4. ^ Trevisanato, Siro Igino (2006). "Six medical papyri describe the effects of Santorini's volcanic ash, and provide Egyptian parallels to the so-called biblical plagues". Medical Hypotheses. Elsevier. 67 (1): 187–190. doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2006.01.008. Retrieved January 3, 2016.