Ramgarh district

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Ramgarh district
District of Jharkhand
Location of Ramgarh district in Jharkhand
Location of Ramgarh district in Jharkhand
Country India
State Jharkhand
Administrative division North Chotanagpur division
Headquarters Ramgarh Cantonment
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Hazaribagh
 • Assembly seats Ramgarh, Mandu, Barkagaon
Area
 • Total 1,211 km2 (468 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 949,159
 • Density 780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 73.92 per cent
 • Sex ratio 921
Major highways NH 33 and NH 23
Website Official website

Ramgarh district (Hindi: रामगढ़ जिला) is one of the 24 districts in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Introduction and geography[edit]

Ramgarh was made district on 12 September 2007. It was carved out of erstwhile Hazaribagh District. Ramgarh lies at the heart of the Jharkhand State. It is a mining, industrial and cultural hub with the famous [1] Maa Chhinnamasta Temple. The name Ramgarh means "The Fort of God Ram". The district of Ramgarh has been named after the town Ramgarh, its present headquarters.

The district covers an area of 1360.08 km2.

Subdivision: Ramgarh

Blocks of Ramgarh:[2] Ramgarh, Patratu, Gola, Mandu, Chitarpur and Dulmi.

District Registration office is in Gola.

Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha Constituencies[3]

Lok Sabha Constituencies : Hazaribagh

Vidhan Sabha Constituencies :

  1. Ramgarh :Ramgarh Police Station (excluding G.Ps. Terpa, Patratu, Koto, Palani, Hapuhua, Harikarpur, Gegda, Deoria, Bargama, Pali, Salgo, Sanki, Jabo, Chaingari, Chikor, Lapanga, Ghutua, Barkakana and Sidhwar-Kalan) and Gola Police Station.
  2. Mandu (Part):Mandu Police Stations.
  3. Barkagaon (Part): G.Ps. Terpa, Patratu, Koto, Palani, Hapuhua, Harijarpu Gegda, Deoria, Bargama, Pali, Salgo, Sanki, Jabo, Chaingara, Chikor, Lapanga, Ghutua, Barkakana and Sidhwar-Kalan in Ramgarh Police Station.

Ramgarh District has borders with:[4]

North and West: Hazaribagh District

North and East: Bokaro District

East: Purulia District (West Bengal)

South: Ranchi District

History[edit]

Origin of name

The word Ram is derived from Murram and Gadh is derived from Beluagadha. There is enormous source of coal i.e. area of coal. In Hazaribagh district, there is sitagadha and Vishnugadha. It can be said keeping all name of Ramgarh was declared.

Ancient history[edit]

History of the Ramgarh District is closely linked with the beginning of human civilization in India.

Stone age :Along the river Damodar in Ramgarh early stone age (Lower Paleolithic) tools [5] were found

Mahajanapadas

The gigantic king Jarasandh was very powerful, Chotanagpur[6] was in his jurisdiction probably the Chhotanagpur was under sub-ordination of Mahapadam of Magadh. Nand Ugrasen of Nagwanshi’s.

Maurya Empire: It is also said that entire Chhotanagpur was under sub-ordination of Ashoka the Great (c. 273 – c. 232 BC) so that in Budha period, there was also Ramgarh.

Buddhism and Jainism: It is certified by the symbolic relies of Buddha period in the temple of Gola. Probably in 8th century BC. (3) Jain Trithankar was constructed in Parasnath. It is clarified by this that in the beginning of Jainism, There is existence of Ramgarh.

Gupta Empire: King Samudragupta (c. 385 – c. 380 AD)[6] had invader Eastern Deccan by passing through Ramgarh so that Ramgarh was Present at that time also. This period has been called the Golden Age of India.

In the Regime of the king of Mundaraj, Mudra Munda Ramgarh was present too. This fast is corroborated by the presence of Munda tribe in Ramgarh.


In Nagvanshi regime, too Ramgarh was present because Chhotanagpur was under control.

Medieval period[edit]

Muslim Regime : - In Turk-Afghan period (1206-1526 A.D.), Jharkhand the forest country was under subordination of ruler of that time. So, Ramgarh was present in that region too. The Ramgarh regime[7] was established in 1368. The founder King of Ramgarh regime was King Bagdeo Singh. At that time the capital of Ramgarh was in Sira. The headquarters of capital was transferred in urda, Badam, Ramgarh and Padma one by one. In 1670 the headquarters of Ramgarh regime was transferred in Ramgarh. Ramgarh Regime also known as Padma Raja or Regime. In around 1740, Ramgarh was “Jungle District of Ramgarh”.[8]

Modern era[edit]

British Regime : – The Power of obtaining reference from Ramgarh regime was given to East India Company by King Shah Alam II.

In 1771 Captain Comac was made Military Collector of Ramgarh District,[9] Whose headquarters was in Chatra. The military district of Ramgarh contains Nagpur, Palamoo, Hazaribagh, Chatra, Giridih and Kodarma. At that the headquarters of Ramgarh Battalion[10] was Hazaribagh, whose commander was a European.

"It appears that the great social reformer and the founder of the Brahm Samaj Raja Ram Mohan Roy was in Ramgarh in1805-06. He went there with Mr. William Digby who was then acting Magistrate and Registrar of Ramgarh. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the Sheristeder of the Collectorate and lived both at Cahtra and Ramgarh in this capacity when Mr. William Digby was transferred else here he took Ram Mohan Roy with him to his new place of work”.

In 1811, Ramgarh Battalion was used for suppressing the Munda Uraon and Tamad Revolt and Kol revolt. In 1837, Ramgarh was police station of British government. In 1938 new G.T. road was started and Banaras road was closed. It is worth mentioning the name of Lubia Manghi. Bainu Manjhi and Arjun Manjhi. In Sitagarh, the cropping of coffee was taking place. The name of Rupu Manjhi is famous in the first national revolt of 1857.


On 8Th January 1856, Sheik Bhikari and Thakur Upraon Singh were hanged on a Bunyan tree of Chhuttupalu valley. This valley is also known as lalki Ghaati and that Bunyan tree is called “Phansiyahi bore”.

Ramgarh Cant council was structured in 1941. There are two centers of Army training i.e.Sikh Regimental Centre (SRC) and Punjab Regimental Centre (PRC).

Indian National Congress 53rd Session[edit]

In 1940 INC 53rd Session[11][12] was accomplished under the presidency of Maulana Abul Qalam Ajad at Jhanda Chowk, Ramgarh now Ramgarh Cant. Mahatma Gandhi,[13] Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Dr. Rajender Prasad, Sarojini Naidu, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Acharya J.B. Kripalani, Industrialist Jamnalal Bajaj and others greats leaders[14] of Indian freedom movement attended the Ramgarh Session.

A Adivasi women greets Gandhi ji with a khadi piece, at the Indian National Congress 53rd Ramgarh Session
Gandhiji with Sardar Patel and Acharya Kripalani at the Indian National Congress 53rd Ramgarh Session

[15] Mahatma Gandhi also opened khadi and village Industries Exhibition at Ramgarh.[16] Storm and hurricane was on the peak.

Jawaharlal Nehru, industrialist Jamnalal Bajaj, Sarojini Naidu, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, andMaulana Azad at the 1940 Ramgarh Session of the Indian National Congress

At that time, under the leadership of Netajee Subhas Chandra Bose conference against Samjhauta was completed also. In Ramgarh, Subhsha Chandra Bose was seen as president of All India Forward Block and M.N. Roy was seen as leader of Radicle democratic party.

Post-independence[edit]

After independence in 1947, the territory of the present-day Ramgarh district became a part of erstwhile Hazaribagh district. In 1952 Ramgarh Block was created and in 1991 Ramgarh Subdivision was formed. Sikh Regimental Centre was shifted from Merrut to Ramgarh Cant in 1976. On 12 September 2007 Ramgarh was made district consisting Ramgarh, Gola, Mandu and Patratu Block, taking the total count of districts in the state to 24.

Babulal Marandi was the first Chief Minister of Jharkhand, Marandi enters assembly by winning Ramgarh by-poll.

Shibu Soren born in Nemra village of Ramgarh district became chief minister of Jharkhand three times and his son Hemant Soren also became Deputy Chief Minister (11 September 2010 – 18 January 2013) of Jharkhand.

In 2009 two new blocks Dulmi and Chitarpur were created, being carved out from Ramgarh block

On 13 September 2012 Ramgarh become first district of country where payment of Government Scheme like KCC and Indra Awash done through UID or Aadhaar card.[17]

On 08.01.13 Jharkhand Government has taken decision to merge Dari block of Hazaribag district to Ramgarh District and creation of a new block Chaingada[18] and Government has also taken decision to create new block Mahuatand craved out from Gomia block of Bokaro district and merge them to Ramgarh district but the decision is still pending because President's rule was imposed in Jharkhand on 18 January 2013.

Hemant Soren (born in Nemara in Ramgarh district) was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Jharkhand on 13 July 2013.

Physiography and rivers[edit]

Physiography:

The district is a part of Chotanagpur plateau. Important physiographic regions[19] of the district is Damodar Trough or Upper Damodar basin or simply Damodar Valley. Major area of the district comes under Damodar Valley. Damodar Valley is bounded by Hazaribag Plateau in north and Ranchi Plateau in south. Ranchi and Hazaribag plateau is separated by east–west running Damodar Valley.

A View of Ranchi Plateau and Damodar Valley, between Ramgarh and Chutupallu

Barka Pahar (Marang Buru)[20] 1049 meters high above sea level located along the Ramgarh-Ranchi border is probably the highest peak, and it also separates the districts.

Rivers and river basins:

Damodar is the main river of the district and it also forms a major river basin, Comprising a number of tributaries. Important amongst them are: Naikari, Bhervi or Bhera and Bokaro river.

Naikari Dam, Patratu

In Hindu mythology and folklore Damodar is a Nad means Male River.

Small Rivers are Hurhuri, Gomti, Barki, Kurum, Kochi, Sherbhuki, Dhobdhab etc.

Suwarn Rekha River flow south eastern part of district.[21] Tributaries of Suwarn Rekha are Kadamgara, Khatgara etc.

Waterfalls:

Rajrappa Fall: On the confluence of the Bhairavi (Bhera) and Damodar Rivers.

Dam: Naikari Dam, Patratu.

Geology and mineral resources[edit]

The district holds a strong position on the mineral map of the country. The district is endowed with a large and rich deposit of coal & coal bed methane (CBM) and also possesses various other minerals like Limestone, Fire Clay, etc.

The coalfields of the Ramgarh district lying in the Damodar Valley. The important geological formations of the district is Gondwana System and the rocks of the Damuda Group of Lower Gondwana age comprises the most important coal seams. The coal deposit of the district mainly found in South Karanpura, West Bokaro and Ramgarh coalfields.[22]

Coal mines[edit]

The Coal India Ltd. subsidiary Central Coalfield Ltd [23] divided the above coalfield into following Areas:-

South Karanpura coalfields[edit]

Barka Sayal Area:

  • Saunda D (formerly known as Bird Saunda[24]) Under Ground Mines
  • Saunda D Open Cast Mines. (Not in operation)
  • Central Saunda Under Ground Mines
  • Saunda Under Ground Mines
  • Sayal D Under Ground Mines
  • Urimari Under Ground Mines
  • Bhurkunda Open Cast Mines

Argada Area :

  • Sirka Open Cast Mines
  • Sirka Under Ground Mines
  • Argada Under Ground Mines

Ramgarh coalfields[edit]

Rajrappa Area :

  • Rajrappa Project (formerly known as Ramgarh Project) Open Cast Mines.

West Bokaro coalfields[edit]

Kuju Area :

  • Sarubera Open Cast Mines
  • Sarubera Under Ground Mines
  • Ara Open Cast Mines
  • Kuiu Under Ground Mines
  • Topa Open Cast Mines
  • Topa Under Ground Mines
  • Pindra Open Cast Mines
  • Pindra Under Ground Mines
  • Pundi Open Cast Mines
  • Karma Open Cast Mines

Hazaribag Area:

  • Kedla Under Ground Mines
  • Kedla Open Cast Mines
  • Jharkhand Open Cast Mines
  • Laiyo Under Ground Mines
  • Parej East Open Cast Mines
  • Tapin North, OC
  • Tapin South, Mixed (OC & UG).

CCL Coal Washery:[25] Kedla Washery

Tata Steel:[26] West Bokaro (Ghato) open cast mines. Tata Steel has established country’s first coal washery at West Bokaro (Ghato) in 1951.

Mines Rescue Station (CCL): Naisarai, Ramgarh.

Rescue Room (CCL):Kedla.

Captive coal mining blocks[edit]

Captive Coal Blocks allocated [27] to different company by Ministry of Coal, Government of India in the district are following:

  • Sugia: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation
  • Rauta: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation
  • Burakhap: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation
  • Kotre–Basantpur:TISCO (Tata steel)
  • Patratu: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation

Coal-bed methane[edit]

Coal-bed Methane (CBM),[28] is an eco-friendly natural gas, stored in coal seams, generated during the process of the coalification. ONGC is doing exploration work in South Karanpura Coalfields for CBM.

Underground coal gasification[edit]

Coal India Limited has identified two sites for developing UCG with Joint Venture Partners, Kaitha Block[29] in Ramgarh coalfield under CCL command area is one of them.

Mineral royalty and other minerals[edit]

Mineral royalty

  • 2011-12: Rs264 Crore
  • 2012-13:[30] Rs278 Crore

Other minerals

Limestone: Isolated patches of limestone occur along a belt extending east and west parallel with the coal-fields.

Iron ore: In the Ramgarh, Bokaro and Karanpura coal-fields, nodules & Lenticles of iron ore are found. At one time these were used by indigenous smelters.

Industries and agriculture[edit]

Industries[edit]

Ramgarh is an important industrial district of East India. Several mineral based industries like Steel, Sponge Iron, Cement, Refractory and Thermal Power Plant etc. are established due to availability of Coal and other minerals. Important industrial unit of district are following:-

Public sector undertaking

  • Patratu Thermal Power Station,[31] Patratu
  • Steel authority of India (SAIL) Refractories:[32]
IFCO, Marar
Bharat Refractories Ltd. Ranchi Road
  • C.C.L., Central Repair Work Shop,[33] Barkakana

Private sector industries

  • Jindal Steel & Power Limited (JSPL):[34] Balkudra, Patratu
  • Indo-Ashahee Glass Company, Bhadaninagar
  • Brahmaputra Metallics Ltd,[35] Kamta, Gola
  • Jharkhand Ispat Private Limited,[36] Hesla
  • Aloke Steels Industries Private Limited, Budhakhap, Karma
  • Maa Chhinnamastika Cement and Ispat Private Limited, Budhakhap, Karma
  • Sri Durga Cement Company Limited
  • DLF Power Limited,[37] Rajrappa
  • DLF Power Limited, Argada
  • Anindita Trades & Investments Ltd. (Sponge Iron Unit),Senegarha
  • Chintpurani Steel Pvt. Ltd., Indra
  • Shri Venkatesh Iron & Alloys Ltd, Lapanga
  • Dayal Steels Ltd, Chaha
  • Sri Ram Power & Steel Pvt. Ltd, Sarubera
  • Redeemer Engisoft Pvt Ltd (Software Company), Ramgarh[38]
  • Shree Nanak Ferro Alloys Pvt Ltd (Silico Manganese), Rauta, Ranchi Road, Ramgarh

Private sector Institution

  • Lexicon India The Computer Education,[39] Lexicon India Is a Trust and Provide Computer Education & Training In area of Computer ..

Upcoming projects:

  • Mukund Ltd.[40] (Bajaj Group) Steel Plant, Barlanga.[41]
  • Burnpur Cement Limited,[42] Patratu.
  • Inland Power Limited,[43] Inland Nagar, Gola.
  • Karanpura Energy Limited (a wholly owned subsidiary of Jharkhand State Electricity Board):[44] The project involves setting up of 2×660 MW Coal Based Thermal Power Project at villages Dhurmi.

Agriculture[edit]

The main occupation of the people of Ramgarh is cultivation. There are three main agricultural seasons in the district, 1) kharif, 2) rabi 3) zaid. Rice, maize, ragi, fruits and vegetables are the main crop[45] of the district.

Soils, climate, forests and wildlife[edit]

Soils and climate:

Soils: Mainly two type of soil found -Red Soil and Sand loam.

Climate: The area lies in the sub-humid region of Chotanagpur Plateau and enjoys semi-extreme type of climate. The day temperature rises around 40 °C during the summers and drops down to around 10 °C during the winter.

Three broad seasons can be recognized:

  • The winter season, November to February.
  • The hot season, March to May.
  • The rainy season, June to October.

Forests and wildlife:

The forest area of the district is 487.93 km2. The district is rich in flora and fauna. Government has planned a deer park in the district.[46] The park will come up on 25 acres on Gola-Muri Road in Gola block. 30 villages [47] in the district is tuskers (elephant) effected.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Ramgarh district has a population of 949,159,[48] roughly equal to the nation of Fiji[49] or the US state of Delaware.[50] This gives it a ranking of 459th in India (out of a total of 640).[48] The district has a population density of 684 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,770 /sq mi).[48] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.06%.[48] Ramgarh has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males,[48] and a literacy rate of 73.92%.[48]

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

The district has very good network of railways. In 1927, Bengal Nagpur Railway (BNR)[51] opened the 72-mile (116 km) Chandil-Barkakana section to traffic. In the same year the Central India Coalfields (CIC) Railway opened the Gomoh-Barkakana line. It was extended to Daltonganj in 1929.

At present the district railway network is divided between two zone East Central Railways and South Eastern Railway.

Ramgarh Cantonment, Mael, Barkipona, Gola Road, Harubera, Sondimra and Barlanga Station come under Ranchi Division of SER.[52]

Ranchi Road, Chainpur, Argada, Barkakana Junction, Bhurkunda, Patratu and Tokisud station come Under Dhanbad Division of ECR.

Barkakana is a Railway sub-division under Dhanbad division of East Central Railway zone. Doubling of Danea-Ranchi Road rail line has announced in the Railway Budget 2013-14.

New Rail Line Project: (Ranchi-Tatisilwai-Sidhwar-Barkakana-Kuju-Mandu-Hazaribag-Barhi-Koderma-Tilaiya)

Ranchi-Koderma-Tilaiya (Bihar) new rail line project[53] of the state is passing through the district. The district portion between Sidhwar-Barkakana-Kuju and Mandu is on advance stage of completion. The distance between Ranchi and Barkakana by train will be reduce to half by this new rail line. Completion of this project will also shorten the distance between Barkakana, Patna and Delhi.

Important railway station and train stoppage[edit]

Barkakana Junction:

Barkakana junction is the only junction in the district.

  • a) Barkakana-Patna, Palamu Express, (daily) b) Patna-Barkakana, Palamu Express, (daily) Via:Daltonganj
  • a) Jabalpur-Howrah, Shaktipunj Express (daily) b) Howrah-Jabalpur, Shaktipunj Express, (daily) Via:Dhanbad
  • a) Tatanagar-Raulkela-Delhi-Jamutawi Express, (daily) b) Jamutawi-Delhi-Raulkela-Tatanagar Express, (daily)
  • a) Ranchi-Delhi (Anand Vihar), Jharkhand Shwarn Jayanti Express (three days) b) Delhi (Anand-Vihar)-Ranchi, Jharkhand Shwarn Jayanti Express (three days)
  • a) Barkakana- Rajendranagar (Patna), Slip Express (daily) b) Rajendernagar (Patna)-Barkakana, Slip Express, (daily) Via:Gomo
  • a) Ranchi-Chopan Express (three days) b) Chopan-Ranchi Express (three days)
  • a) Sambalpur-Varanasi Express (two days) b) Varanasi-Sambalpur Express (two days)
  • a) Howrah-Bhopal Express (weekly) b) Bhopal-Howarh Express (weekly) Via:Dhanbad
  • a) Kolkatta-Ajmer Express (weekly) b) Ajmer-Kolkatta Express (weekly) Via:Dhanbad
  • a) Kolkatta-Amamdabad Express (weekly) b) Amamdabad-KolkattaExpress (weekly)

Via:Dhanbad

  • a) Sataragachi-Ajmer Express (weekly) b) Ajmer-Santragachi Express (weekly):Via Tatanagar, Katni, Kota
  • a) Ranchi-Varanasi Express (four days) b) Varanasi-Ranchi Express (four days)
  • a) Ranchi-Ajmer Grib Nawaj Express (weekly) b) Ajmer-Ranchi Grib Nawaj Express (weekly) Via:Varanasi, Agra Fort, Jaipur

Ramgarh Cant :

Ramgarh cant railway station situated at Bijulia near NH33. It is around one km from city bus stand,

  • a) Tatanagar-Raulkela-Delhi-Jamutawi Express, (daily) b) Jamutawi-Delhi-Raulkela-Tatanagar Express, (daily)
  • a) Ranchi-Delhi (Anand Vihar), Jharkhand Shwarn Jayanti Express (three days) b) Delhi (Anand-Vihar)-Ranchi, Jharkhand Shwarn Jayanti Express (three days)
  • a) Ranchi-Chopan Express (three days) b) Chopan-Ranchi Express (three days)
  • a) Sambalpur-Varanasi Express (two days) b) Varanasi-Sambalpur Express (two days)
  • a) Ranchi-Varanasi Express (four days) b) Varanasi-Ranchi Express (four days)
  • a) Ranchi-Ajmer Grib Nawaj Express (weekly) b) Ajmer-Ranchi Grib Nawaj Express (weekly) Via:Varanasi, Agra Fort, Jaipur

Ranchi Road :

  • a) Jabalpur-Howrah, Shaktipunj Express (daily) b) Howrah-Jabalpur, Shaktipunj Express, (daily)
  • a) Barkakana- Rajendranagar (Patna), Slip Express (daily) b) Rajendernagar (Patna)-Barkakana, Slip Express, (daily)
    A View of Ranchi Road Railway Station

Patratu :

  • a) Barkakana-Patna, Palamu Express, (daily) b) Patna-Barkakana, Palamu Express, (daily)
  • a) Jabalpur-Howrah, Shaktipunj Express (daily) b) Howrah-Jabalpur, Shaktipunj Express, (daily)
  • a) Tatanagar-Raulkela-Delhi-Jamutawi Express, (daily) b) Jamutawi-Delhi-Raulkela-Tatanagar Express, (daily)
  • a) Ranchi-Delhi (Anand Vihar), Jharkhand Shwarn Jayanti Express b) Delhi (Anand-Vihar)-Ranchi, Jharkhand Shwarn Jayanti Express
  • a) Sambalpur-Varanasi Express (two days) b) Varanasi-Sambalpur Express (two days)
  • a) Ranchi-Chopan Express (three days) b) Chopan-Ranchi Express (three days)
  • a) Ranchi-Varanasi Express (four days) b) Varanasi-Ranchi Express (four days)
  • a) Ranchi-Ajmer Grib Nawaj Express (weekly) b) Ajmer-Ranchi Grib Nawaj Express (weekly)

Burkunda:

  • a) Barkakana-Patna, Palamu Express, (daily) b) Patna-Barkakana, Palamu Express, (daily)

Gola Road :

  • a) Tatanagar-Raulkela-Delhi-Jamutawi Express, (daily) b) Jamutawi-Delhi-Raulkela-Tatanagar Express, (daily)

Roads[edit]

Road are the major means of transportation in the district. Three major expressways (NH33, NH23 & SH2) pass through the district. State Highways Authority of Jharkhand (SHAJ) is planning to construct a four-lane road between Patratu and Dhanbad [54] via Sayal, Naya mor, Chas mor and Raj ganj.

National Highway

Main National Highways [55] crossing the district are NH-33 and NH-23.

National Highway 23 connects with NH 33 at Mahatma Gandhi Chowk, Ramgarh Cant.

  • National Highway 33: (District portion) Mandu-Kuju-Ramgarh to Chutupalu. Four lane construction work almost completed except Ramgarh city bypass.
NH 33 Between Ramgarh and Chutupallu
State Highway No.2 between Patratu and Ranchi
  • National Highway 23: (District portion) Ramgarh-Chitarpur-Gola. Land acquisition work for four lane is going on in the district.

State highway and other important roads

  • State Highway No.2:[56]

Ramgarh-Barkakana-Bhurkunda-Patratu-kanke-Ranchi (Four lane work under construction)57 km

  • Naisari (Ramgarh)-Argada-Sirka-Giddi A Road[57] 17.40 km
  • Kuju (Naya Mor)-Ara-Sarubera-Kedla-Ghato-Jharkhand Colliery-Laiyo Road
  • Kuju (Naya Mor)-Religara Road
  • Ghato-Parej-Tapin-Charhi Road
  • Chitarpur (Rajrappa Mor)-Rajrappa Project-Rajrappa Mandir Road
  • Gola-Rajrappa Mandir Road. (Do not go Rajrappa Mandir during rainy season by this road)
  • Gola-Muri Road
  • Gola-Sikidri-Ormanjhi Road

Air[edit]

Birsa Munda Airport (45 km) at Ranchi is the nearest Airport. Direct links are available to prominent cities such as Delhi, Patna, Mumbai and Kolkata.

Healthcare and education[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

Central Coalfield Ltd

  • Central Hospital,[58] Nai Sarai, Ramgarh. (District largest hospital)
  • Jubilee Regional Hospital, Kedlanagar
  • Silver Jubilee Hospital, Rajrappa Project

State government

Sadar Hospital:Near Ramgarh Block. Ramgarh

Referral Hospital:Tooti Jharna

Private sector

  • Tata Central Hospital, West Bokaro Division, Ghato
  • Brindavan Hospital & Research Center (p) Ltd,[59] Ranchi Road, Ramgarh.
  • Sainath Hospital, Thana Chowk, Ramgarh cantt, Ramgarh

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

Central government schools

  • Kendriya Vidyalaya :[60] a) Ramgarh Cantt b) Bhurkunda c) Patratu d) Barkakana

Private sector schools

  • D A V Public School:[61] a) N T S Barkakana b) Rajrappa Project c) Kedla d) Ara e) Agrasen DAV, Bharech Nagar
  • Shri Guru Nanak Senior Secondary School, Ramgarh Cant
  • Sidhartha Public School, Ramgarh Cant
  • Siddhartha Public School, Rishipattanam (Near Chutupallu)
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir :a) Rapappa Project, b) Sirka, c) Sarubera
  • Radha Gobind Public School, Ramgarh Cant
  • Holy Cross School, Ghatotand
  • St. Ann's School, Kaitha, Ramgarh Cantt
  • Ramprasad Chandra Bhan Public School, Ramgarh Cantt.
  • Nehru Children Convent High School,Rajeev Nagar, Ghato Tand

State government schools

  • Gandhi Memorial High School, Ramgarh Cant
  • Kuju High School, Kuju
  • S.V.N. High School, Ghatotand

Other schools

  • Army Public School,[62] Ramgarh Cantt. (Army Welfare Education Society)

Colleges[edit]

Constituent colleges:[63]

  • Ramgarh College,[64] Ramgarh.

Non constituent colleges:[65]

  • C.N. College, Ramgarh
  • J.M. College, Bhurkunda
  • Jubilee College, Bhurkunda
  • P.T.P.S. College, Patratu.

Technical institutes[edit]

Engineering colleges A new Engineering college started this year 2013. Ramgarh Institute of Technology. A new Government Engineering College is coming up in Ramgarh. Government is also planning to open Jharkhand state first women’s engineering Collage at Ramgarh.[66]

Medical colleges

Government is planning to open a new ESI Medical Collage [67] in the district.

Management College

Birsa Institute Of Technical Education (B.I.T.E. Ramgarh)[68] started in 2012 at Ramgarh

Markets and entertainment[edit]

Markets: Main markets are Ramgarh, Patratu, Bhurkunda, Kuju and Gola

Cinema halls:

  • Ramgarh Cant:1) New Shanti Cinema 2) Rajeev Talkies 3) Shanti Talkies (Closed) 4) Ashok Talkies (Closed)
  • Kuju: Gitanjali Talkies (closed)
  • Bhurkunda: 1) Lakshmi Talkies 2) Janta Talkies
  • Patratu: Veena Talkies
  • Film City:[69] Government of Jharkhand is planning a modern film city near Patratu.

Clubs:

  • Rotary Club:Near Mahatma Gandhi Chowk, Ramgarh cant
  • Rotary Club of Ramgarh [70] held its inaugural meeting on 5 November 1961
  • Lions Club: a) Ramgarh Cant b) Bhurkunda.[71]
  • Gymkhana Club:[36] Ranchi Road, Ramgarh.

Museum

Zarina Khatoon Museum Cum Research Centre[72] at Chiterpur.

Culture[edit]

Ramgarh culture is rich and diverse and as a result unique in its very own way. Rajrappa Mandir and Tooti Jharna Mandir is a popular destination for marriage ceremonies.

Fairs and festivals[edit]

The major and most celebrated fairs and festivals include Dipawali, Holi, Chhath, Dussehra or Durga Puja or Navaratri, Ramanavami, Karma, Sarhul, Tusu, Eid, Sarsawati puja, Makar Sankranti, Jivitputrika or Jitiya (Hindi: जिउतिया)[73] etc. Due to presence of industries and mining activities Viskarma Puja is also one of the important festival. Makar Sankranti fair[74] in Rajrappa mandir also attracts lots of people. Fairs also organized during Jitiya,[75] karma and others festival.

Cuisine[edit]

Ramgarh has a variety of foods and cuisines. The most known and common cuisine in Ramgarh that are practically prepared in every household includes Roti (Chapati) or Phulka, Rice or Bhat, Dal, Sabzi or Tarkari and last but definitely not the least, Achar or Pickle. Duska and Vada is famous local fast food. Salty Duska ingredients is rice and urad dal. Ingredient of Vada is also urad dal. Different types of flowers and leaves are used as a vegetables like Bamboo shoot pakoras, Pampkin flower fried pakoras, Khukri or mushroom tarkari etc. Khoya pedas of Rajrappa mandir is also famous dry sweets.

Places of interest[edit]

Pilgrimage sites[edit]

Tooti Jharna Temple: Situated about 7 km from Ramgarh cantonment on NH-33 Patna Ranchi highway a famous temple of Lord Shiva where water from river falls through a canal on Shiv Linga. The Raghu baba of this temple is belongs from the nearby village Digwar and hence most of the Digwar villagers are connected with this temple. To reach this tample is very simple. Just take a route of Ranchi-Patna road and take a right turn from Ranchi Road. It is very near to Ranchi road, just 2–3 km ahead towards the way of Village Digwar.

Mayatungri Temple:It is also known as daughter of the Hills and is 5 km South of Ramgarh in the Chutupalu Valley. This hill is full of natural scenes and scenery and is a beautiful tourist spot. Although it is located on a height of 300 ft, it takes only 15 minutes to march its peak. Every year the local festival of karma is celebrated here with gaiety and fanfare by the people of the surrounding villages. It is popularly believed that worshipping on the hill brings rain to this area. Nowadays on the occasion of Durgapuja, Nawratra is performed twice a year on this hill.

Kaitha Shiv Mandir:[76] This ancient temple of Shiwa is loeated on NH-23 and is 3 km away from Ramgarh cantonment. It has been declared as a National Monument. The temple was built in 1670. The sculpture of this temple is extremely attractive. The Shivalinga in the temple is located at a height which is accessible by means of two stairs. A detailed analysis of this temple shows that some of its portion was also used for military purpose. At present this temple is in a dilapidated condition.

Khere Math: Khere Math temple [77] of Gautama Buddha is situated at Matwa-tand village near NH23 of Gola Block.

Gurudawara Singh Sabha: This Gurudwara was established and inaugurated by the Sikh community of Ramgarh around 1940 in a small room situated on Shivajee road in Ramgarh. But today a grand structure has taken the form of Gurudwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha in place of that small room. It is the centre of attraction for its great tomb and minarets. The interior decoration of the Darbar hall of Gurudwara Sahib is picture squire.

Rajrappa Mandir[edit]

The famous Maa Chhinmastika temple (मां छिन्नमस्तिका मंदिर) [78] is situated at Rajrappa (रजरप्पा), 28 km away from Ramgarh Cantonment on the confluence of rivers Damodar and Bhairavi or Bhera. This temple finds place in Vedas and Puranas and it has been recognized as an ancient and strong source of Shakti. The Chhinamastika Temple is a very holy and popular place of Hindu pilgrimage. Devotees from all corners of Country visit this holy place throughout the year. The temple is very old and its architectural design is the same as that of other temples of tantrik importance. Though its antiquity is yet to be dated. Marriages are also solemnized here on a large scale. The headless statue of Goddess Chhinamastika stands upon the bodies of Kamdeo and Rati in a lotus bed. A number of other temples have come up around the original temple. Particularly, the temples of Mahavidyas (Tara, Shodashi, Bhubneswari, Bhairavi, Bagla, Kamla, Matangi, and Dhumavati) built in a series and others temple like Sun God temple, Lord Shiva temple God hanuman temple, Ma Kali temple etc. In Hindu Mythology Damodar is considered an incarnation of God Shiva and while Bharvi is Goddess Shakti. Confluence of both river in Rajrappa consider as scared union of Damoder (God Shiva) and Bharvai (Goddess Shakti). The water of river Bharvi flow down from top to river damoder which is flows below, its also shows Goddess or Devi power. Many take a dip in the river before offering puja (Hinduism).

Maa Chhinnamasta Temple
Dakshina Kali temple
Temples of Mahavidyas built in a series

Rajrappa is not only famous Shakti Peeth (शक्तिपीठ) but also a great picnic spot. Picnic at Rajrappa provides one with double excitement as one could get opportunity to offer prayers to goddess and also enjoy the picnic with fun and food in the sands of river amid beautiful natural scenario of forest, green valleys, hills and rocky terrains. Food, cooking materials, groceries, milk, fruits and fresh vegetable are also available in the market. Now one portion of sand beach of river Bharvi is prepared for picnic by madir samiti with the help of caretaker or agent. They will provide space with Chatai, table etc. after paying some nominal charge. During the rainy season the paid sand beach submerged with water.

Damodar River (western side) Rajrappa Mandir
Damodar River (estern side) Rajrappa Mandir

How to Reach

By air: The nearest airport is Ranchi (70 km)

By rail: The nearest railway stations are Ramgarh Cant station (28 km), Ranchi Road (30 km), Barkakana (33 km), Ranchi (70 km), Koderma (135 km).

By road: Get down at Ramgarh Cantonment and take a trekker or jeep to reach Rajrappa Mandir. From early morning to evening trekker or jeep are available at old bus stand.

Bus service:

Only one bus service provided by Ramgarh project Cooperative Society is running between Rajrappa mandir to Ranchi (Ratu Road) via Ramgarh Cantonment. (Please check the availability and time)

Regular bus services are available from new bus stand Ramgarh Cantonment to all important places of Jharkhand and Bihar.

Road route:

  • Route for tourist coming from Ranchi, Jamshedpur, and Hazaribag:

Ramgarh Cant-Chitarpur (Rajrappa Mor)-Rajrappa Mandir (17+11=28 km)

  • Route for tourist coming from Dhanbad, Bokaro and Muri:

Gola-Rajrappa Mandir (13KM). (Do not go during rainy season)

Gola-Chitarpur (Rajrappa Mor)-Rajrappa Mandir

Accommodations

Low and medium budget hotels are available at Ramgarh Cant.

Jharkhand tourism dept. has constructed a new mega complex in Rajrappa mandir for tourist which consists:

The Dharamsala (rest house) consists of 16 deluxe rooms. One stage is also constructed for the purpose of marriage and other ceremony. The complex is ready and shortly going to open for public.

Historic monuments[edit]

Mahatama Gandhi Samadhi Sathal:[12]

This sthal popularly known as Gandhi Ghat is situated on the bank of river Damodar in Ramgarh. Mohandas K. Gandhi had visited[79] Ramgarh in 1940 at the time of the Indian National Congress session at Ramgarh. After the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi in 1948, the pitcher containing the remains of the departed soul were dispatched to different places of our country and Ramgarh is fortunate to be one of those places. A Samadhi of Gandhiji was erected on it. Earlier, a fair used to be organized here on the occasion of the birthday and anniversary of Bapu but now this practice has been abandoned. The Samadhi is made of Black Granite Stones.

Mahatma Gandhi Samadhi Sathal, Ramgarh

China Cemetery:[80] Situated 5 km away from Ramgarh cantonment, China Kabristan is a famous historical monument. At the outbreak of World War II some soldiers who rose in history against Mawtse tunge the grate hero of Cultural Revolution and who were also the supporters of the friendly states were made capture and imprisoned at Ramgarh. After a few days these soldiers died of hunger and snake bites. A collective burial ground of these soldiers who had died of hunger and snake bites was made in this China Kabristan where these are a total of 667 graves. In the middle of the graveyard a pillar in memory of Chyan Kai Sek was erected. The total area covered by this graveyard is around seven acres. There is a Buddha temple also in its vicinity. Three beautiful cantonment have come into existence around the graveyard. Inside the graveyard the pucca roads have been indorsed with rows of beautiful flowers. China Kabristan is in fact a material witness to the annals of the history of Ramgarh.

Megalithic sites of Ramgarh District:[81][82][83] Ramgarh district is very rich in ancient and historical sites, different Megaliths site has been identified near Chitarpur, Gola and Kuju.

Nature tourism[edit]

Naikari Dam :Naikari or PTPS dam Constructed on Naikari and others small rivers is around 5 km from Patratu. Surrounded by hills, forest and rivers, Naikari dam is a beautiful site for picnic and boating.[84]

Dhur-duria Fall: Dhurduria fall situated near Sidhwar village is about 4 km from Ramgarh Cantt. The fall is created on the course of Sherbhuki river. Road is up to Sidhwar village only so approach road should be constructed from Sidhwar village to fall. The water falls from approx 50 ft.height.[85]

Am-Jharia Fall: Situated near the border of Halwadi and Sidhwar village.[85]

Nimi Fall:Nimi fall situated near nimi village and around 5 km from Bhurkunda.

Dhara Fall: Dhara Fall is situated near Khakara village under Gola Block. Government is planning to construct approach road from NH23 (between Gola and Peterwar) to fall.[86]

Gandhaunia (Hindi: गंधौनिया (गरम पानी कुंड)): Situated at about 20 km. near Mandu. It is a hot water spring (pond).[87]

Chutupallu: Situated at about 10 km from Ramgarh on the Ramgarh - Ranchi NH 33 is a hill top with awesome beauty. There are many a dhabas and motels in the way after crossing Chutupallu that offer great food. The scenic beauty in the ghats is worth seeing getting mesmerized by the scene is very common even if you visit the place many daily.

A view from Ramgarh Mountain Pass from Ramgarh to Ranchi

Bankhetta: Situated near Chutupallu. Water falls from a height giving the feeling of rainfall in a cave when someone claps inside.

Liril Fall: Situated between Ramgarh and Chutupallu looks like the fall from the old Liril Soap advertisement. It is popularly known as Liril Fall. A great picnic spot.

Barso Paani: Situated at about 30 km. from Ramgarh near Charhi towards Hazaribagh. Water falls from the ceiling giving the feeling of rainfall in a cave when someone claps.

Hundru Fall:The Hundru Fall located near the Ranchi-Ramgarh district border is created on the course of the Subarnarekha River.[21]

Road route for tourist coming from Hazaribagh, Dhanbad and Bokaro:

Shortest route but do not go during rainy season

  • Ramgarh- (21 km) Ormanji Block-Sikidri-Hudru fall (21.12).[57] (Ramgarh to hundru fall 42.12 km)
  • Gola-Sikidri-Hundru fall

All-weather road

  • Ramgarh-Ormanji Block-Getalsud-Hudru fall
  • Gola-Sikidri-Getalsud-Hundru fall

See also[edit]

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External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°37′12″N 85°31′12″E / 23.62000°N 85.52000°E / 23.62000; 85.52000

jharkhand