|• Also spelled||Rameen (official)|
Ramin from the west
|• Jurisdiction||8,480 dunams (8.5 km2 or 3.3 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||"high place" or, from personal name|
Ramin (Arabic:رامين) is a Palestinian village in the northeastern West Bank, located 15 kilometers east of Tulkarm in the Tulkarm Governorate. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of approximately 3,100 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.
During the early Crusader era, Daniel the Traveller reported that he saw a church here, identified by local Christians as the burial place of Joseph of Arimathea. Ḍiyāʼ al-Dīn (1173-1245) reported that there were Muslims living in Ramin during his lifetime.
Ramin, like all of Palestine was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517. In the 1596 tax registers, it was part of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jabal Sami, part of the larger Sanjak of Nablus. It had a population of 9 households, all Muslims. The inhabitants paid a fixed tax rate of 33.3% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues; a total of 4,930 akçe.
In 1838, Edward Robinson noted it on his travels in the region, while in 1870, Victor Guérin described it as a village situated on a high hill with 700 inhabitants. He further noted that the small square in front of the madafeh (guest house) was paved with large slabs of an ancient appearance.
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Ramin as "a village of moderate size, on a hill, with a second knoll to the east, whence its name. It has a few olives beneath it."
British Mandate era
In 1945 the population of Ramin was 630 Muslims, who owned 8,868 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 745 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 2,575 were used for cereals, while 14 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
Ramin's population is made up of the families of Salman (34%), Zafer (23%), Hamad (33%) and Zeidan (10%).
Ramin's total land area is about 8,500 dunams, of which 422 dunums is built-up area, about 500 dunams for quarries and 500 dunams for pastures. The nearby Israeli settlement of Enav was allocated 470 dunams. Ramin's remaining land is covered by olive and almond orchards.
- Pringle, 1998, p. 181
- Palmer, 1881, p. 189
- Projected Mid -Year Population for Tulkarm Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 764
- Ellenblum, 2003, p. 244
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 127
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, pp. 138, 144
- Guérin, 1875, p. 211
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 160
- Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Tulkarm, p. 27
- Mills, 1932, p. 56
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 21
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 76
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 127
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 177
- The Effects of the Israeli Practices on Residents of Ramin village Land Research Center. 22 June 2004
- Israeli settlers set fire to agricultural lands in Ramin village Land Research Center. 14 June 2007
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress. ISBN 0-860549-05-4.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Ellenblum, Ronnie (2003). Frankish Rural Settlement in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521521871.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Pringle, Denys (1998). The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: L-Z (excluding Tyre). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521390370.
- Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
- Zertal, Adam (2004). The Manasseh Hill Country Survey. 1. Boston: BRILL. ISBN 9004137564. (p. 375)