Ramin, Tulkarm

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Ramin
Other transcription(s)
 • Also spelled Rameen (official)
Ramin from the west
Ramin from the west
Ramin is located in the Palestinian territories
Ramin
Ramin
Location of Ramin within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°17′03″N 35°08′57″E / 32.28417°N 35.14917°E / 32.28417; 35.14917Coordinates: 32°17′03″N 35°08′57″E / 32.28417°N 35.14917°E / 32.28417; 35.14917
Palestine grid 164/187
Area
 • Jurisdiction 8,480 dunams (8.5 km2 or 3.3 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 3,100
Name meaning "high place"[1] or, from personal name[2]

Ramin (Arabic:رامين) is a Palestinian village in the northeastern West Bank, located 15 kilometers east of Tulkarm in the Tulkarm Governorate. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of approximately 3,100 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[3]

History[edit]

Ceramics from the late Roman and from the Byzantine eras have been found here.[4]

During the early Crusader era, Daniel the Traveller reported that he saw a church here, identified by local Christians as the burial place of Joseph of Arimathea.[1] Ḍiyāʼ al-Dīn (1173-1245) reported that there were Muslims living in Ramin during his lifetime.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

Ramin, like all of Palestine was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517. In the 1596 tax registers, it was part of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jabal Sami, part of the larger Sanjak of Nablus. It had a population of 9 households, all Muslims. The inhabitants paid a fixed tax rate of 33.3% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues; a total of 4,930 akçe.[6]

In 1838, Edward Robinson noted it on his travels in the region,[7] while in 1870, Victor Guérin described it as a village situated on a high hill with 700 inhabitants. He further noted that the small square in front of the madafeh (guest house) was paved with large slabs of an ancient appearance.[8]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Ramin as "a village of moderate size, on a hill, with a second knoll to the east, whence its name. It has a few olives beneath it."[9]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Ramin had a population of 320 Muslims,[10] increasing in the 1931 census to 423 Muslims, living in 113 houses.[11]

In 1945 the population of Ramin was 630 Muslims,[12] who owned 8,868 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 745 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 2,575 were used for cereals,[14] while 14 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[15]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Ramin came under Jordanian rule.

Post 1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Ramin has been under Israeli occupation.

Ramin's population is made up of the families of Salman (34%), Zafer (23%), Hamad (33%) and Zeidan (10%).[16]

Ramin's total land area is about 8,500 dunams, of which 422 dunums is built-up area, about 500 dunams for quarries and 500 dunams for pastures. The nearby Israeli settlement of Enav was allocated 470 dunams. Ramin's remaining land is covered by olive and almond orchards.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pringle, 1998, p. 181
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 189
  3. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Tulkarm Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  4. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 764
  5. ^ Ellenblum, 2003, p. 244
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 127
  7. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, pp. 138, 144
  8. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 211
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 160
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Tulkarm, p. 27
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 56
  12. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 21
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 76
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 127
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 177
  16. ^ The Effects of the Israeli Practices on Residents of Ramin village Land Research Center. 22 June 2004
  17. ^ Israeli settlers set fire to agricultural lands in Ramin village Land Research Center. 14 June 2007

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]