Mother of the Believers
|أم حبيبة بنت أبي سفيان|
Ramla bint Abi Sufyan
c. 589 or 594 CE
|Died||45 AH ; c. 664 CE|
|Resting place||Jannat al-Baqi, Medina|
|Known for||Wife of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad|
|Children||Habibah bint Ubayd Allah|
She was the daughter of Abu Sufyan ibn Harb and Safiyyah bint Abi al-'As. Abu Sufyan was the chief of the Umayya clan, and he was the leader of the whole Quraysh tribe and the most powerful opponent of Muhammad in the period 624-630. However, he later accepted Islam and became a Muslim warrior. The first Umayyad caliph, Muawiyah I, was Ramla's half-brother, and Uthman ibn Affan was her maternal first cousin and paternal second cousin.
Marriage to Ubayd-Allah ibn Jahsh
Ubayd-Allah and Ramla were among the first people to accept Islam. In 616, in order to avoid hostilities from Quraish, they both emigrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia), where she gave birth to her daughter, Habibah bint Ubayd-Allah.
Marriage to Muhammad
Muhammad sent Ramla a proposal of marriage, which arrived on the day she completed her Iddah (widow's waiting period).
The marriage ceremony took place in Abyssinia even though Muhammad was not present. Ramla chose Khalid ibn Said as her legal guardian at the ceremony. The Negus (King) of Abyssinia read out the Khutba himself, and Khalid ibn Said made a speech in reply. The Negus gave Khalid a dower of 400 dinars and hosted a huge wedding feast after the ceremony. He also sent musk and ambergris to the bride through the slave Barrah. Muhammad did not give a dower larger than this to any of his other wives.
The Negus then arranged to send all thirty of the remaining immigrant Muslims back to Arabia. They travelled to Medina in two boats. Shurahbil ibn Hasana accompanied Ramla on this journey. According to some sources, she married Muhammad one year after the Hijra, though she did not live with him until six years later, when Muhammad was sixty years old and she was thirty-five. Tabari writes that her marriage took place in 7 A.H. (628) when "she was thirty-odd years old."
Life in Medina
On one occasion, Abu Sufyan visited his daughter Ramla in her house in Medina. "As he went to sit on the apostle’s carpet she folded it up so that he could not sit on it. 'My dear daughter,' he said, 'I hardly know if you think that the carpet is too good for me or that I am too good for the carpet!' She replied: 'It is the apostle’s carpet and you are an unclean polytheist. I do not want you to sit on the apostle’s carpet.' 'By God,' he said, 'since you left me you have gone to the bad.'"
- Understanding the Islamic Law, Raj Bhala, Section: Ramla bint Abi Sufyan (Umm Habiba).
- الشبكة الإسلامية - (9) أم حبيبة رملة بنت أبي سفيان رضي الله عنها
- Muhammad ibn Jarir Al-Tabari, Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk vol. 39. Translated by Landau-Tasseron, E. (1998). Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors, p. 177. New York: State University of New York Press.
- Islam online
- Landau-Tasseron/Tabari p. 178.
- Ibn Hisham note 918.
- Muhammad ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammadﷺ, pp. 527-530. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Ibn Kathir, The Wives of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Archived 2013-08-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Tirmadhi 2226, Musnad Ahmed 12039
- Guillaume/Ishaq, p. 543.
- John Glubb, The Life and Times of Muhammad, Lanham 1998, p. 304-310.