Ramoaaina language

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Duke of York
RegionNew Ireland
Native speakers
10,300 (2000 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3rai

Ramoaaina (Ramuaina) is an Oceanic language spoken on the Duke of York Islands off eastern New Ireland.


Phoneme inventory of the Ramoaaina language[3]:

Consonant sounds
Labial Alveolar Velar
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b d g
Fricative (s)
Rhotic r
Lateral l
Nasal m n ŋ
Approximant w

/s/ is used, but mainly in loanwords.

Vowel sounds
Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e ɘ o
Low a


  1. ^ Ramoaaina at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ramoaaina". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Davies, Robyn; Fritzell, Lisbeth (1992). Duke of York grammar essentials (Ramoaaine). Ukarumpa: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

External links[edit]