The first recorded sighting by Europeans was by the Spanish expedition of Álvaro de Mendaña on 11 April 1568. More precisely the sighting was due to a local voyage done by a small boat, in the accounts the brigantine Santiago, commanded by Maestre de Campo Pedro Ortega Valencia and having Hernán Gallego as pilot. They charted it as Isla de Ramos as it was found on Domingo de Ramos (Palm Sunday in Spanish).
- Sharp, Andrew The discovery of the Pacific Islands Oxford 1960 p.44,45.
- Brand, Donald D. The Pacific Basin A History of its Geographical Explorations The American Geographical Society, New York, 1967, p.133.
- Zaragoza, Justo "Relación de Hernán Gallego" in Historia del descubrimiento de las regiones australes hecho por el general Pedro Fernández de Quirós, Madrid, 1876, t.I, p.3.
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