Rampside Gas Terminal
|Rampside Gas Terminal|
View of the terminals from the south
Location within Cumbria
|Alternative names||Morecambe Bay Gas Terminal, Rivers Gas Terminal, North Morecambe On-Shore Terminal|
|Location||Rampside Road (A5087), Barrow-in-Furness, LA13 0QU|
|Design and construction|
|Main contractor||Costain Oil and Gas (Rivers Terminal)|
- 1 History
- 2 Operations
- 3 Centrica gas fields
- 4 ConocoPhillips gas fields
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
Production started in 1985 with the South Morecambe gas field. The North Morecambe terminal was built in 1992. The Rivers Fields Area was discovered in 1982. The terminal was built on a site used by the former Roosecote coal-fired power station.
It consists of three gas terminals, situated between Roose to the north and Rampside to the south. The sea around the gas platforms is around 30 metres (93 ft) deep. Centrica's facilities employ about 400 people, with a maximum of 172 people offshore, with around 140 being Centrica personnel. Offshore personnel are transferred via helicopter from Blackpool International Airport and also directly from the terminal itself with flights currently operated by Bond Offshore Helicopters. Gas is transferred to the terminals via 36 inch pipelines. Gas, after processing and compression, is supplied to the National Transmission System. Gas is also transferred to the Roosecote Power Station, next-door to the north at Roose.
It is named as it is because its fields are all named after Lancashire rivers. This is operated by Centrica Energy on behalf of ConocoPhillips. The £60m contract for the construction by Costain Oil and Gas Ltd (now called COGAP) of Manchester from January 2002. The whole £185m project, including the fields, was originally developed by Burlington Resources, who were bought by ConocoPhillips in 2006. The gas coming to the terminal is sour and contains plenty of nitrogen and hydrogen sulphide. Gas is transferred from here to the North Morecambe Terminal. Waste hydrogen sulphide is burned to produce sulphur dioxide and converted to liquid sulphuric acid which has industrial use.
North Morecambe Terminal
Operated by Centrica. Gas arriving here has a higher concentration of carbon dioxide and nitrogen than the South Morecambe plant, and hence has to be treated in different processes, and thus needs a separate plant. There is three phase separation and carbon dioxide is removed via an amine wash. Nitrogen is removed via a cryogenic distillation process
South Morecambe Terminal
Operated by Centrica. It receives gas only from the South Morecambe field. First to begin production in 1985. Gas is compressed via two GE LM2500+ gas turbines and Vectra power turbines that drive gas compressers South Morecambe Terminal off line 2015 / 2016 and Decommissioned in 2016.
Centrica gas fields
Operated by Hydrocarbon Resources Limited (HRL), owned by Centrica. These Centrica fields are some of the largest on the UK Continental Shelf, and produces enough gas to heat 1.5million UK homes.
Discovered in March 1976. Production started in October 1994. Both North and South Morecambe fields are about 25 miles west of Blackpool. This field is not manned and has one platform.
Discovered in September 1974. Production started in January 1985. Gas is transferred to the South Morecambe Terminal. The Central Processing Complex (CPC) is powered by four dual-fuel gas turbines, powered by the field's gas or low-sulphur diesel. There are five drilling platforms and the main accommodation platform is in the CPC. 80% of the total gas in the Morecambe Bay area is in this field.
Gas is transferred via the South Morecambe field.
ConocoPhillips gas fields
Millom and Dalton
Part of the Rivers project. Gas goes to the North Morecambe platform, where the fields are situated near to, then the North Morecambe terminal. Named after Millom and Dalton-in-Furness in Cumbria. Millom discovered in April 1982 with production starting in August 1999. Dalton discovered in April 1990 with production starting in August 1999.
Gas goes to the Rivers terminal. Named after the River Calder, Lancashire. Largest of the Rivers fields. Situated just south-west of the South Morecambe field. Discovered in February 1982.
Darwen and Crossens
- ConocoPhillips in the East Irish Sea
- ConocoPhillips operations in the UK
- Centrica operations
- Rivers project
- North Morecambe terminal being built in 1992
- History of the gas fields
- Costain construction of the Rivers Terminal (PDF)