Rampton Secure Hospital
|Rampton Secure Hospital|
|Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust|
Entrance to Rampton Secure Hospital
|Speciality||Psychiatric hospital |
(secure mental hospital)
Rampton Secure Hospital is a high security psychiatric hospital near the village of Woodbeck between Retford and Rampton in Nottinghamshire, England. It is one of only three high security psychiatric hospitals in England, alongside Ashworth Hospital near Liverpool and Broadmoor Hospital in Berkshire. It is managed by Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust.
Rampton Hospital, which was designed by Francis William Troup, was built on what until then was a large open common known as "Rampton Field" as an overflow facility for Broadmoor Hospital and opened in 1912.
On 22 May 1979, Yorkshire Television broadcast an exposé programme titled Rampton, The Secret Hospital, showing the routinely severe mistreatment of Rampton patients by staff. A groundbreaking look inside the hitherto secret world of a 'special hospital', it was cited in a "top ten" of television programmes which occasioned intense public debate and engendered far-reaching effects upon its subject area, and it was awarded an International Emmy.
A follow-up television broadcast a few weeks later reported that its immediate effect within the hospital had so far amounted to a few scapegoat prosecutions while the status quo had continued largely as before, except that no staff member could trust another not to be a whistle-blower. An inquiry under Sir John Boynton was set up; the report in 1980 was critical of the hospital's management structure making a total of 205 recommendations.
In February 2000, the hospital was awarded a Charter Mark award. This government scheme was designed to both reward excellence and encourage constant quality improvement. The scheme laid emphasis on the quality of service provided to users including visitors and the general public.
In April 2001, the hospital, which had previously been administered by the Home Office, became managed by the new Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, a provider of mental health services in the local area.
The Mike Harris Centre, a new training building named after the consultant forensic psychiatrist who led the forensic division of Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, opened in January 2011. Other major developments have included the David Wilson Unit, for National High Secure Learning Disability Services, which opened in July 2011.
Rampton Hospital houses about 400 patients who have been detained under the Mental Health Act 1983 under the criteria of "mental disorder" (any disorder or disability of mind). It has a staff of about 2,000 and provides the national services for patients with a learning disability, women and deaf men requiring high security care. It also provides services for men suffering from mental illness and personality disorders. The hospital has an 'Enhanced Personality Disorder' unit originally opened in 2004 as part of a national pilot for 'Dangerous and Severe Personality Disordered' men.
- Charles Arthur Salvador - Notorious British criminal responsible for many assaults, riots, hostage situations, and robberies.
- Bruce George Peter Lee - The most prolific serial killer in U.K. history responsible for the deaths of 26 people within a six-year span.
- Beverley Allitt - Serial killer who killed four children and attacked nine others when working as a nurse at a Lincolnshire hospital in 1991.
- Ian Ball - Attempted kidnapper of Princess Anne in 1974.
- Peter Bryan - Cannibalistic serial killer who murdered three people in London between 1993 and 2004, eating parts of their bodies after killing them.
- Stephen Shaun Griffiths - Serial killer nicknamed 'The Crossbow Cannibal' responsible for at least three murders (possible as many as eleven).
- Ian Huntley - Perpetrator of the Soham murders at Soham, Cambridgeshire, in August 2002, was sectioned at the hospital for nearly two months after his arrest, but transferred to a mainstream prison on remand after being declared fit to stand trial.
- Thomas McDowell - Murderer of German rabbi Andreas Hinz in North London.
- Mark Rowntree - Spree killer who in 1976 admitted murdering four people in West Yorkshire.
- Carstairs State Hospital, the equivalent facility for Scotland and Northern Ireland.
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- Press Association. "Psychopath faces life for killing trainee rabbi | UK news". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- Chilling threats of a killer..., the Yorkshire Post, by Kate O'Hara, published 3 January 2004. Retrieved 22 April 2012