Rampton Secure Hospital
|Rampton Secure Hospital|
|Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust|
Entrance to Rampton Secure Hospital
|Speciality||Psychiatric hospital |
(secure mental hospital)
Rampton Secure Hospital is a high security psychiatric hospital near the village of Woodbeck between Retford and Rampton in Nottinghamshire, England. It is one of only three high security psychiatric hospitals in England, alongside Ashworth Hospital near Liverpool and Broadmoor Hospital in Berkshire. It is managed by Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust.
Rampton Hospital, which was designed by Francis William Troup, was built on what until then was a large open common known as "Rampton Field" as an overflow facility for Broadmoor Hospital and opened in 1912.
On 22 May 1979, Yorkshire Television broadcast an exposé programme titled Rampton, The Secret Hospital, showing the routinely severe mistreatment of Rampton patients by staff. A groundbreaking look inside the hitherto secret world of a 'special hospital', it was cited in a "top ten" of television programmes which occasioned intense public debate and engendered far-reaching effects upon its subject area, and it was awarded an International Emmy.
A follow-up television broadcast a few weeks later reported that its immediate effect within the hospital had so far amounted to a few scapegoat prosecutions while the status quo had continued largely as before, except that no staff member could trust another not to be a whistle-blower. An inquiry under Sir John Boynton was set up; the report in 1980 was critical of the hospital's management structure making a total of 205 recommendations.
In February 2000, the hospital was awarded a Charter Mark award. This government scheme was designed to both reward excellence and encourage constant quality improvement. The scheme laid emphasis on the quality of service provided to users including visitors and the general public.
In April 2001, the hospital, which had previously been administered by the Home Office, became managed by the new Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, a provider of mental health services in the local area.
The Mike Harris Centre, a new training building named after the consultant forensic psychiatrist who led the forensic division of Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, opened in January 2011. Other major developments have included the David Wilson Unit, for National High Secure Learning Disability Services, which opened in July 2011.
Rampton Hospital houses about 400 patients who have been detained under the Mental Health Act 1983 under the criteria of "mental disorder" (any disorder or disability of mind). It has a staff of about 2,000 and provides the national services for patients with a learning disability, women and deaf men requiring high security care. It also provides services for men suffering from mental illness and personality disorders. The hospital has an 'Enhanced Personality Disorder' unit originally opened in 2004 as part of a national pilot for 'Dangerous and Severe Personality Disordered' men.
- Beverley Allitt, who killed four children and attacked nine others when working as a nurse at a Lincolnshire hospital in 1991.
- Ian Ball, who attempted to kidnap Princess Anne in 1974.
- Peter Bryan, who murdered three people in London between 1993 and 2004, eating parts of their bodies after killing them.
- Stephen Shaun Griffiths, a serial killer known as the 'Crossbow Cannibal'.
- Ian Huntley, who murdered two 10-year-old girls at Soham, Cambridgeshire, in August 2002, was sectioned at the hospital for nearly two months after his arrest, but transferred to a mainstream prison on remand after being declared fit to stand trial.
- Bruce Lee, who in 1981 admitted killing a total of 26 people in a string of arson attacks.
- Thomas McDowell, who in 2002 murdered German rabbi Andreas Hinz in North London.
- Mark Rowntree, who in 1976 admitted murdering four people on a killing spree in West Yorkshire.
- Charles Salvador, who was jailed for crimes including armed robbery and who has since taken inmates and prison staff hostage.
- Carstairs State Hospital, the equivalent facility for Scotland and Northern Ireland.
- "History Information: Rampton Hospital" (PDF). Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- Eden, Richard (2002-08-21). "Rampton is home to the dangerous and violent". Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-09-09.
- "Television that changed our world - UK". The Scotsman. 22 July 2005. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- "Previous awards: Documentary: The Secret Hospital: 1979". International Emmy Awards. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- "Rampton Hospital: Boynton Report (Hansard, 11 November 1980)". hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 2018-01-28.
- "Patients lose smoking ban appeal". BBC News. 20 May 1912. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Clarke opens centre". Retford Guardian. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- 16:50 (2011-07-16). "New unit at Rampton Hospital opened by Secretary of State for Health - Retford Trader and Guardian". Retfordtoday.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-09-09.
- "Empathic and Moral Processing in Personality Disordered Patients". Health Research Authority. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- "Inside Rampton Hospital". BBC News. 21 August 2002. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Beverly Allitt: Suffer the Children". The Crime Library. 10 May 2000. Archived from the original on 8 February 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2007.
- "Princess defies her would-be kidnapper". The Telegraph. 1 January 2005. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
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- "Huntley tells of life at Rampton". Evening Standard. 9 October 2002. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- "The horrifying full story of Bruce Lee - Hull's worst serial killer". Hull Daily Mail. 5 August 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- Press Association. "Psychopath faces life for killing trainee rabbi | UK news". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
- Chilling threats of a killer..., the Yorkshire Post, by Kate O'Hara, published 3 January 2004. Retrieved 22 April 2012
- "Terrifying Killers treated at Rampton". Lincolnshire Live. 16 June 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2018.