List of Ramsar sites in Japan

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The Ramsar Convention (Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat) is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.[1] Adopted in 1971, it entered into force in 1975 and as of December 2015 has 169 Contracting Parties.[1] Japan was the twenty-fourth party to accede, on 17 October 1980.[2] Kushiro-shitsugen was the first of Japan's fifty Ramsar Sites as of the twelfth Conference of the Contracting Parties (2015).[3]

Designated sites[edit]

Name Prefecture Municipality Altitude Area Designated Image National Park status Coords. Ref.
Kutcharo-ko (クッチャロ湖) Hokkaido Hamatonbetsu 1–2 m 1,607 ha 1989 Lake Kuccharo.jpg N/A 45°09′N 142°20′E / 45.150°N 142.333°E / 45.150; 142.333 (Kutcharo-ko) [1]
Sarobetsu-genya (サロベツ原野) Hokkaido Horonobe, Toyotomi 3–7 m 2,560 ha 2005 Hokkaido, Sarobetsu Plain.jpg Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park 45°03′N 141°42′E / 45.050°N 141.700°E / 45.050; 141.700 (Sarobetsu-genya) [2]
Tofutsu-ko (濤沸湖) Hokkaido Abashiri, Koshimizu 1 m 900 ha 2005 Lake Tofutsu 2011.JPG Abashiri Quasi-National Park 43°56′N 144°24′E / 43.933°N 144.400°E / 43.933; 144.400 (Tofutsu-ko) [3]
Uryunuma-shitsugen (雨竜沼湿原) Hokkaido Uryū 850–900 m 624 ha 2005 雨竜沼P7020083.JPG Shokanbetsu-Teuri-Yagishiri Quasi-National Park 43°41′N 141°36′E / 43.683°N 141.600°E / 43.683; 141.600 (Uryunuma-shitsugen) [4]
Notsuke-hanto and Notsuke-wan (野付半島野付湾) Hokkaido Betsukai, Shibetsu 0–10 m 6,053 ha 2005 Notsuke Bay.JPG N/A 43°34′N 145°16′E / 43.567°N 145.267°E / 43.567; 145.267 (Notsuke-hanto and Notsuke-wan) [5]
Akan-ko (阿寒湖) Hokkaido Kushiro 420 m 1,318 ha 2005 Akanko.JPG Akan National Park 43°27′N 144°06′E / 43.450°N 144.100°E / 43.450; 144.100 (Akan-ko) [6]
Miyajima-numa (宮島沼) Hokkaido Bibai 13 m 41 ha 2002 Miyajimanuma2004 0429 01.jpg N/A 43°20′N 141°43′E / 43.333°N 141.717°E / 43.333; 141.717 (Miyajima-numa) [7]
Furen-ko & Shunkuni-tai (風蓮湖 春国岱) Hokkaido Betsukai, Nemuro 1 m 6,139 ha 2005 Sunset at Shunkunitai.jpg N/A 43°17′N 145°21′E / 43.283°N 145.350°E / 43.283; 145.350 (Furen-ko and Shunkuni-tai) [8]
Kushiro-shitsugen (釧路湿原) Hokkaido Kushiro City, Kushiro Town, Shibecha, Tsurui 3–10 m 7,863 ha 2005 Kushiro Marsh.jpg Kushiro Shitsugen National Park 43°09′N 144°26′E / 43.150°N 144.433°E / 43.150; 144.433 (Kushiro-shitsugen) [9]
Kiritappu-shitsugen (霧多布湿原) Hokkaido Hamanaka 0–3 m 2,504 ha 1993 Kiritappu peatland01.jpg N/A 43°05′N 145°05′E / 43.083°N 145.083°E / 43.083; 145.083 (Kiritappu-shitsugen) [10]
Akkeshi-ko & Bekambeushi-shitsugen (厚岸湖 別寒辺牛湿原) Hokkaido Akkeshi 0–20 m 5,277 ha 1993 Lake akkeshi landsat.jpg N/A 43°03′N 144°54′E / 43.050°N 144.900°E / 43.050; 144.900 (Akkeshi-ko and Bekambeushi-shitsugen) [11]
Utonai-ko (ウトナイ湖) Hokkaido Tomakomai 1–5 m 510 ha 1991 Utonai Lake Hokkaido Japan.jpg N/A 42°42′N 141°43′E / 42.700°N 141.717°E / 42.700; 141.717 (Utonai-ko) [12]
Onuma (大沼) Hokkaido Nanae 1–5 m 510 ha 2012 Komagatake dusk.jpg Ōnuma Quasi-National Park 41°59′N 140°40′E / 41.983°N 140.667°E / 41.983; 140.667 (Onuma) [13]
Hotokenuma (仏沼) Aomori Misawa 0–10 m 222 ha 2005 仏沼 風景.JPG N/A 40°49′N 141°22′E / 40.817°N 141.367°E / 40.817; 141.367 (Hotokenuma) [14]
Izu-numa and Uchi-numa (伊豆沼・内沼) Miyagi Kurihara, Tome 7 m 559 ha 1985 Izunuma 02.jpg N/A 38°43′N 141°06′E / 38.717°N 141.100°E / 38.717; 141.100 (Izu-numa and Uchi-numa) [15]
Kabukuri-numa and the surrounding rice paddies (蕪栗沼・周辺水田) Miyagi Kurihara, Tome, Ōsaki 5.7 m 423 ha 2005 Kabukuri numa 15Dec07.jpg N/A 38°38′N 141°06′E / 38.633°N 141.100°E / 38.633; 141.100 (Kabukuri-numa and the surrounding rice paddies) [16]
Kejo-numa (化女沼) Miyagi Ōsaki 25.9 m 34 ha 2008 Kejonuma Dam lake.jpg N/A 38°37′N 141°57′E / 38.617°N 141.950°E / 38.617; 141.950 (Kejo-numa) [17]
Oyama Kami-ike and Shimo-ike (大山上池・下池) Yamagata Tsuruoka 12 m 39 ha 2008 N/A 38°44′N 139°45′E / 38.733°N 139.750°E / 38.733; 139.750 (Oyama Kami-ike and Shimo-ike) [18]
Hinuma (涸沼) Ibaraki Hokota, Ōarai 0 m 935 ha 2015 N/A 36°16′N 140°30′E / 36.267°N 140.500°E / 36.267; 140.500 (Hinuma) [19]
Oze (尾瀬) Fukushima, Gunma, Niigata Hinoemata, Katashina, Uonuma 1400–2356 m 8,711 ha 2005 Hiuchigatake 080924 2.JPG Oze National Park 36°53′N 139°11′E / 36.883°N 139.183°E / 36.883; 139.183 (Oze) [20]
Senjo-ga-hara, Tochigi (Nikko, 戦場ヶ原) Tochigi Nikkō 1400–1475 m 260 ha 2005 Okunikko.JPG Nikkō National Park 36°47′N 139°26′E / 36.783°N 139.433°E / 36.783; 139.433 (Oku-Nikko-shitsugen) [21]
Watarase-yusuichi (渡良瀬遊水地) Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama Koga, Tochigi, Oyama, Nogi, Itakura, Kazo 2–23 m 2,861 ha 2012 WataraseYusuichi from Central Entrance.JPG N/A 36°14′N 139°41′E / 36.233°N 139.683°E / 36.233; 139.683 (Watarase-yusuichi) [22]
Yoshigadaira Wetlands (芳ヶ平湿地群) Gunma Kusatsu, Nakanojō 1200–2160 m 887 ha 2015 Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park 36°39′N 138°33′E / 36.650°N 138.550°E / 36.650; 138.550 (Yoshigadaira Wetlands) [23]
Yatsu-higata (谷津干潟) Chiba Narashino 0 m 40 ha 1993 Yatsu-Higata.jpg N/A 35°40′N 140°00′E / 35.667°N 140.000°E / 35.667; 140.000 (Yatsu-higata) [24]
Hyo-ko (瓢湖) Niigata Agano 8.6 m 24 ha 2008 Lake Hyouko.jpg N/A 37°50′N 139°14′E / 37.833°N 139.233°E / 37.833; 139.233 (Hyo-ko) [25]
Sakata (佐潟) Niigata Niigata 5 m 76 ha 1996 佐潟(新潟市)1.JPG Sado-Yahiko-Yoneyama Quasi-National Park 37°49′N 138°53′E / 37.817°N 138.883°E / 37.817; 138.883 (Sakata) [26]
Tateyama Midagahara and Dainichidaira (立山弥陀ヶ原・大日平) Toyama Tateyama 1040–2120 m 574 ha 2012 20 Tateyama from Mikurigaike 1998-7-17.jpg Chūbu-Sangaku National Park 36°34′N 137°32′E / 36.567°N 137.533°E / 36.567; 137.533 (Tateyama Midagahara and Dainichidaira) [27]
Katano-kamoike (片野鴨池) Ishikawa Kaga 2.5–8 m 10 ha 1993 Katano Kamoike.jpg Echizen-Kaga Kaigan Quasi-National Park 36°19′N 136°17′E / 36.317°N 136.283°E / 36.317; 136.283 (Katano-kamoike) [28]
Nakaikemi-shicchi (中池見湿地) Fukui Tsuruga 45 m 87 ha 2012 Nakaikemi Wetland from Mount Tezutsu.jpg Echizen-Kaga Kaigan Quasi-National Park 35°39′N 136°05′E / 35.650°N 136.083°E / 35.650; 136.083 (Nakaikemi-shicchi) [29]
Mikata-goko (三方五湖) Fukui Wakasa, Mihama 0 m 1,110 ha 2005 P3200169.JPG Wakasawan Quasi-National Park 35°33′N 135°52′E / 35.550°N 135.867°E / 35.550; 135.867 (Sarobetsu-genya) [30]
Tokai Hilly Land Spring-fed Mires (東海丘陵湧水湿地群) Aichi Toyota 190–244 m 22.5 ha 2012 Aichi Kōgen Quasi-National Park 35°08′N 137°21′E / 35.133°N 137.350°E / 35.133; 137.350 (Tokai Hilly Land Spring-fed Mires) [31]
Fujimae-higata (藤前干潟) Aichi Nagoya, Tobishima -4-1 m 323 ha 2002 Fujimae-higata.jpg N/A 35°04′N 136°50′E / 35.067°N 136.833°E / 35.067; 136.833 (Fujimae-higata) [32]
Biwa-ko (琵琶湖) Shiga 10 cities 86 m 65,984 ha 1993 Biwa Lake.jpg Biwako Quasi-National Park 35°15′N 136°05′E / 35.250°N 136.083°E / 35.250; 136.083 (Biwa-ko) [33]
Lower Maruyama River and the surrounding rice paddies (円山川下流域・周辺水田) Hyōgo Toyooka 0–20 m 560 ha 2012 Maruyamagawa 06f3823sv.jpg Sanin Kaigan National Park 35°59′N 134°59′E / 35.983°N 134.983°E / 35.983; 134.983 (Lower Maruyama River and the surrounding rice paddies) [34]
Kushimoto Coral Communities (串本沿岸海域) Wakayama Kushimoto -20-0 m 574 ha 2005 Umikongo Feb2010.jpg Yoshino-Kumano National Park 33°28′N 135°44′E / 33.467°N 135.733°E / 33.467; 135.733 (Kushimoto Coral Communities) [35]
Nakaumi (中海) Tottori, Shimane Yonago, Sakaiminato, Matsue, Yasugi 0 m 8,043 ha 2005 SakaiminatoCity.jpg N/A 35°32′N 133°09′E / 35.533°N 133.150°E / 35.533; 133.150 (Nakaumi) [36]
Shinji-ko (宍道湖) Shimane Matsue, Izumo 0.3 m 7,652 ha 2005 Lake Shinji, Matsue.jpg N/A 35°26′N 132°57′E / 35.433°N 132.950°E / 35.433; 132.950 (Shinji-ko) [37]
Miyajima (宮島) Hiroshima Hatsukaichi 0–80 m 142 ha 2012 MIYAJIMA ISLAND HIROSHIMA BAY JAPAN JUNE 2012 (7419247180).jpg Setonaikai National Park 34°14′N 132°17′E / 34.233°N 132.283°E / 34.233; 132.283 (Miyajima) [38]
Akiyoshidai Groundwater System (秋吉台地下水系) Yamaguchi Mine 80–426 m 563 ha 2005 Akiyoshi-doCave.jpg Akiyoshidai Quasi-National Park 34°15′N 131°18′E / 34.250°N 131.300°E / 34.250; 131.300 (Akiyoshidai Groundwater System) [39]
Higashiyoka-higata (東よか干潟) Saga Saga -3-1 m 218 ha 2015 N/A 33°10′N 103°15′E / 33.167°N 103.250°E / 33.167; 103.250 (Higashiyoka-higata) [40]
Hizen Kashima-higata (肥前鹿島干潟) Saga Kashima -3-1 m 57 ha 2015 N/A 33°6′N 130°7′E / 33.100°N 130.117°E / 33.100; 130.117 (Hizen Kashima-higata) [41]
Arao-higata (荒尾干潟) Kumamoto Kumamoto 0 m 754 ha 2012 N/A 32°58′N 130°25′E / 32.967°N 130.417°E / 32.967; 130.417 (Arao-higata) [42]
Kuju Bogatsuru and Tadewara-shitsugen (くじゅう坊ガツル・タデ原湿原) Ōita Kokonoe, Taketa 1000–1270 m 91 ha 2005 Bogaturu.jpg Aso Kujū National Park 33°06′N 131°15′E / 33.100°N 131.250°E / 33.100; 131.250 (Kuju Bogatsuru and Tadewara-shitsugen) [43]
Imuta-ike (藺牟田池) Kagoshima Satsumasendai 296 m 60 ha 2005 Imutaike 2.jpg N/A 31°49′N 130°28′E / 31.817°N 130.467°E / 31.817; 130.467 (Imuta-ike) [44]
Yakushima Nagata-hama (屋久島永田浜) Kagoshima Yakushima <10 m 10 ha 2005 Turtle eggs yakushima relocation - count.jpg Kirishima-Yaku National Park 30°24′N 130°25′E / 30.400°N 130.417°E / 30.400; 130.417 (Yakushima Nagata-hama) [45]
Streams in Kumejima (久米島の渓流・湿地) Okinawa Kumejima 120–280 m 255 ha 2009 N/A 26°22′N 126°46′E / 26.367°N 126.767°E / 26.367; 126.767 (Streams in Kumejima) [46]
Kerama-shoto Coral Reef (慶良間諸島海域) Okinawa Zamami, Tokashiki 0 m 353 ha 2005 Akajima2.jpg Kerama Shotō National Park 26°12′N 127°21′E / 26.200°N 127.350°E / 26.200; 127.350 (Keramashoto Coral Reef) [47]
Manko (漫湖) Okinawa Tomigusuku, Naha -0.5 m 58 ha 1999 Lake Man.jpg N/A 26°11′N 127°41′E / 26.183°N 127.683°E / 26.183; 127.683 (Manko) [48]
Yonaha-wan (与那覇湾) Okinawa Miyakojima 0 m 704 ha 2012 Miyakojima sky view.jpg N/A 24°45′N 125°16′E / 24.750°N 125.267°E / 24.750; 125.267 (Yonaha-wan) [49]
Nagura-Ampuru (名蔵アンパル) Okinawa Ishigaki 0 m 157 ha 2005 Anparu.jpg N/A 24°23′N 124°08′E / 24.383°N 124.133°E / 24.383; 124.133 (Nagura amparu) [50]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ramsar". Ramsar. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  2. ^ "Country Profiles". Ramsar. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 

External links[edit]