Ramtha's School of Enlightenment
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (January 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Motto||Become a Remarkable Life|
Ramtha's School of Enlightenment (RSE) is an American spiritual sect near the rural town of Yelm, Washington, U.S. The school was established in 1988 by JZ Knight, who claims to channel a 35,000-year-old being called Ramtha the Enlightened One. The school's teachings are based on these channeling sessions.
In 1988, JZ Knight founded Ramtha's School of Enlightenment (RSE), then called Ramtha's School of Enlightenment: The American Gnostic School, on her 80-acre (32 ha) estate in Yelm, Washington, U.S. A division of Knight's company JZK, Inc., the school had around 80 staff members as of 2014[update]. According to RSE's website, it is an "academy of the mind that offers retreats and workshops to people of all ages and cultures". RSE's private, fenced compounds are only open to staff members and students, not to the public.
In 2004, various Ramtha school leaders joined community groups to strongly oppose a proposed 75,000-seat NASCAR racetrack in Yelm. The proposal was withdrawn. In 2007, Knight's profits from the school's activities and from sale of books, tapes, CDs and DVDs had reportedly been around $2.6 million. In 2008, lessons were given to the public in more than 20 countries, including the Czech Republic, Romania and Chile for the first time.
The school teaches that human beings have the capacity to utilize their inner wisdom, focus their brains, and create their own reality. The school's curriculum is based on the channelings by Knight of the entity Ramtha. Although the school has been criticised for being a cult (see below), Knight and her followers deny such claims and say that the school is neither a religion nor a cult.
Ramtha's School of Enlightenment teachings have been described as part of the New Age movement (the school itself claims to be outside it). A controversial religious scholar, J. Gordon Melton, wrote a book countering this argument called Finding Enlightenment: Ramtha's School of Ancient Wisdom.
Lessons in the school's compounds sometimes include wine drinking, tobacco pipe smoking and dancing to rock ’n’ roll music. Allegedly, it is being taught that the nitric oxide in red wine (not the alcohol), also found in pipe tobacco (not the nicotine), can help to facilitate changes in the brain as a part of the process in which to achieve these means.
Through various focus techniques, the students believe they are on their way to becoming as "enlightened" as other shamans who can alter their personal reality at will. The main activities towards that goal vary from specific focusing, meditation-like techniques, breathing techniques, blindfolded archery, energy healing (for one's self and for someone else), finding the heart of a maze, and many more. The students are taught that human beings can train themselves into such powers that will allow them to levitate, raise the dead, make gold appear in their hand and predict the future. Eventually this may lead to the "ascension" of the physical body into the "light body".
Other skills allegedly obtained by attending the lessons include psychokinesis, telepathy, clairvoyance, and other ESP skills,[unreliable source] which have been criticized by various skeptics around the world.
The dialogues, and a lot of transcripts from Knight's Ramtha talks, have been compiled and published over the course of many years. Videotapes of various dialogue sessions have also been released. While some of the major themes around the school's teachings are covered in these publications, a more in-depth and systematic presentation of its philosophies and teachings are only accessible by attending a retreat in person.
In February 1997, Knight hosted a conference of scholars who had been studying her, the students and the school for the previous year. During their research phase, they also observed Knight's Ramtha sessions and measured various physiological functions of her body. The researchers examined Ramtha’s teachings and the school's practices from a variety of perspectives, including physics, feminism, parapsychology and religion. Melton organized the research. In addition to the conference presenters, Knight invited the media to attend. However, Knight said she did not sponsor the conference to gain publicity or to convince her skeptics.
Knight paid the travel expenses and stipends for the conference presenters, which caused some of Knight’s critics to suggest she had influenced their research. The researchers denied this contention to the press and, according to the Seattle Post-Intelligence, "were offended by a suggestion that the New Age spiritualist could have tried to buy their support".
Apart from the conference proceedings, two papers were published. In 1998, Stanley Krippner published a paper on the psychological, phenomenological and geomagnetic results of the various studies. In 2009, Joan Hageman published a paper examining the results of the physiological testing on Knight and six students.
Controversy and criticism
Ramtha's School of Enlightenment has been called a cult by various people, including her former husband Jeff Knight, former personal bodyguard Glen Cunningham, former students of the school (such as David McCarthy or Joe Szimhart), and skeptic Michael Shermer. Melton's book, which denies the school's status as a cult, has been criticized for siding with the school and not providing a neutral description of what is going on within the school. He has also been called a "cult apologist" by various opposers of cults. His position was further criticized when he took the stand as a witness in the case of Knight v. Knight (1992–1995) against Jeff Knight (JZ Knight's husband at the time), by further supporting that the school is not a cult.
Former students of the school have accused the RSE of practicing brain-washing and mind-control, as well as using intimidation and fear techniques to keep students in the school. David McCarthy, a student of the RSE between 1989 and 1996, calls Knight a "spiritual predator", and he mentions various parts of the teachings which had an intimidative character, such as the prophecy that unless students remain faithful to Ramtha, they will become prey of the "lizard people", and that the ancient figure of Jehovah would return to earth accompanied by lizard people, in a spaceship. The former students (including David McCarthy and Joe Szimhart) have formed an online community, Life After RSE (LARSE), to provide support for people who have quit the school and find themselves lost.
A further controversial issue regarding the Ramtha teachings involve the so-called "days to come", which were prophesized earth changes. Instructions reputed as coming from Ramtha were given to the students, telling them to leave the cities, find a place in the country to grow their own food and become sovereign or self-sufficient. Another instruction was told to students to build underground shelters to protect themselves and their families.
Various incidents within the school's grounds have been characterized as controversial. Glen Cunningham, in an interview with David McCarthy, describes how, one evening, Knight suggested that all students should stay there overnight because she said it would be "good for the energy". That was before the Great Arena (formerly used as horse stables) had been floored, and as a result there would be a lot of dust in the air. Cunningham says that there was a very old woman among the students, who begged him that she did not want to do this and she wanted to go home, but Ramtha said that she can stay under the protection of Ramtha and her bodyguard. Leaving the arena the following day, the old woman died of pneumonia (due to the dust in the air and humidity).
Another incident which is mentioned by both Cunningham and Joe Szimhart is the practice of running blindfolded in a large fenced field. Szimhart mentions in particular an occasion around the year 1990, in which about 1,000 blindfolded students were directed to split up and run across the field, with their hands in the "Consciousness & Energy" position in front of them, and the exercise was meant to help the students overcome their fears. Szimhart recalls how many people crashed into each other, and that there were some injuries. A customer of his ended up with a deeply bruised shoulder and a big lump on his forehead. Aside from the minor injuries, a few people had to be treated at the hospital.
In 2011, Knight stated (while at the RSE supposedly channeling Ramtha), "Fuck God’s chosen people! I think they have earned enough cash to have paid their way out of the goddamned gas chambers by now", and said that Mexican people "breed like rabbits" and are "poison," that all gay men used to be Catholic priests, and that organic farmers have bad hygiene. In 2012, videos of this were placed on the Internet by ex-students of Knight's and by the Freedom Foundation.
In 2004, three members of the RSE produced a controversial film that combined documentary interviews and a fictional narrative to posit a connection between science and spirituality, called What the Bleep Do We Know!?. The film has been criticized by the scientific community due to its mis-representation of quantum physics, and an unnecessary connection to consciousness. The American Chemical Society's review criticizes the film as a "pseudoscientific docudrama", saying "Among the more outlandish assertions are that people can travel backward in time, and that matter is actually thought."
- Pemberton, Lisa (July 16, 2006). "Behind the gates at Ramtha's School". The Olympian. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
- York, Michael (2004). Historical Dictionary of New Age Movements. Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements. No. 49. Scarecrow Press. pp. 105–106. ISBN 978-0-8108-4873-3.
- Iwasaki, John (February 10, 1997). "JZ Knight Not Faking It, Say Scholars – But They Bristle at the Idea She's Buying Them". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. p. B1.
- "About Ramtha's School of Enlightenment". Ramtha's School of Enlightenment. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
- Brenner, Keri (January 27, 2008). "Disillusioned Former Students Target Ramtha". The Olympian. Retrieved February 24, 2017 – via the Cult Education Institute.
- Lydgate, Chris (December 22, 2004). "What The #$*! is Ramtha?: The year's sleeper hit was inspired by a 35,000-year-old warrior spirit from Atlantis". Willamette Week. Archived from the original on March 9, 2005.
- Knight, Judy Zebra (January 27, 2005) . Ramtha: The White Book. Yelm, Washington: JZK Publishing. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-57873-045-2.
- "Media: Is it a school or a religion?". Ramtha's School of Englightenment. Archived from the original on April 1, 2007.
- "About Us: Greetings from JZ Knight". Ramtha's School of Englightenment. Archived from the original on March 8, 2012.
- Hansen, Megan (September 26, 2008). "One-Time Insider Tells RSE Experience". Nisqually Valley News. Washington. Retrieved February 24, 2017 – via the Cult Education Institute.
- Szimhart, Joe (July 1998), "Critical Study of Gordon Melton's Book on Ramtha", Kelebek [Butterfly], retrieved February 25, 2017
- "Remarkable Students". Ramtha's School of Enlightenment. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011.[non-primary source needed]
- Maynard, Steve (February 1, 1997). "JZ Knight to Open Ranch to Scrutiny". Front Page. The News Tribune. Tacoma, Washington. p. A1.
- Maynard, Steve (February 10, 1997). "Professors at Ramtha Meeting Defend Objectivity, Integrity". Local/State. The News Tribune. Tacoma, Washington. p. B2.
- Krippner, Stanley; et al. (January 1998). "The Ramtha Phenomena: Psychological, Phenomenological, and Geomagnetic Data". The Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research. 92 (1).
- Hageman, Joan H.; et al. (2009). "Sympathetic Reactivity During Meditation". Subtle Energies & Energy Medicine. 19 (2).
- Carroll, Robert T. (October 27, 2015). "From Abracadabra to Zombies: Ramtha (a.k.a. JZ Knight)". The Skeptic's Dictionary. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- Shermer, Michael (September 1, 2002). Why People Believe Weird Things: Pseudoscience, Superstition, and Other Confusions of Our Time. Henry Holt and Company. p. 295. ISBN 978-1-4299-9676-1.
- Buchanan, Susy (May 23, 2014). "Ramtha Riled". Intelligence Report. Southern Poverty Law Center. 2014 Summer Issue. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- Buchanan, Susy (July 9, 2014). "Ramtha, New Age Cult Leader, Unleashes Drunken, Racist, Homophobic Rants to Large Following". AlterNet. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
- Jenkins, Austin (October 27, 2012). "Washington Democrats Reverse Course, Shed JZ Knight Contributions". NPR. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- Brunner, Jim (October 26, 2012). "State Democratic Party Will Donate Money from JZ Knight after Offensive Comments". The Seattle Times. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- Kuttner, Fred; Rosenblum, Bruce (November 2006). "Teaching Physics Mysteries Versus Pseudoscience". Physics Today. American Institute of Physics. 59 (11): 14. doi:10.1063/1.2435631.
- "The Minds Boggle". Science. The Guardian. May 16, 2005. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- Hobbs, Bernie (June 30, 2005). "What the Bleep Are They On About?!". In Depth: Science Features. ABC Science. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
- Wilson, Elizabeth (January 13, 2005). "What the Bleep Do We Know?!". Reviews. Chemical & Engineering News: Reel Science. American Chemical Society. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
- Ramtha's School of Enlightenment (RSE) official website
- Enlighten Me Free, Life After RSE (LARSE) website
- Quotations related to Ramtha at Wikiquote