Rana, Norway

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Rana kommune
Municipality
Mo i Rana Norwegen.JPG
Coat of arms of Rana kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Rana kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Rana within Nordland
Rana within Nordland
Coordinates: 66°22′19″N 14°20′34″E / 66.37194°N 14.34278°E / 66.37194; 14.34278Coordinates: 66°22′19″N 14°20′34″E / 66.37194°N 14.34278°E / 66.37194; 14.34278
Country Norway
County Nordland
District Helgeland
Administrative centre Mo i Rana
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Kai Henning Henriksen (H)
Area
 • Total 4,460.75 km2 (1,722.31 sq mi)
 • Land 4,205.93 km2 (1,623.92 sq mi)
 • Water 254.82 km2 (98.39 sq mi)
Area rank 4 in Norway
Population (2011)
 • Total 25,499
 • Rank 32 in Norway
 • Density 6.1/km2 (16/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 0.5 %
Demonym Ranværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1833
Official language form Neutral
Website www.rana.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Rana is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Helgeland traditional region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Mo i Rana, which houses the National Library of Norway. Other population centers in Rana include Alterneset, Båsmoen, Dunderland, Eiteråga, Flostrand, Hauknes, Mæla, Myklebustad, Nevernes, Røssvoll, Selfors, Skonseng, Storforshei, Utskarpen, and Ytteren.

By population, Rana is the second largest municipality in Nordland county—and the third largest in North Norway. By area, Rana is the largest municipality in Norway south of Finnmark county (the fourth largest overall), since Rana has large areas of mountains and forested valleys.[2]

Rana was a part of the Terra Securities scandal in 2007 relating to some investments that were made by the municipality.

General information[edit]

Mo, Nord-Rana, and parts of Nesna and Sør-Rana merged in 1964 to form Rana

Municipal history[edit]

The municipality of Rana was originally established in 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). However, it was divided into Nord-Rana and Sør-Rana in 1839. In 1844, Nord-Rana was renamed Mo and Sør-Rana was renamed Hemnes. The village of Mo was separated from the rural district of Mo and became a town and municipality of its own on 1 January 1923. At that time, the rural district changed its name back to Nord-Rana. On 1 January 1964, the town of Mo (population: 9,616), the municipality of Nord-Rana (population: 11,636), the northern part of Sør-Rana (population: 697), and the Sjona area of Nesna (population: 543) were all merged. The united municipality was named simply Rana.[3]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the river Ranelva (Old Norse: Raðund). The name of the river is probably derived from the word raðr which means "quick", "fast", or "rapid". Another possibility is that the name comes from the old Sami god Rana Niejta.[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 5 March 1965. The arms symbolize the forests (upper part/green) and the minerals (lower part/gold), as there many minerals can be found in the area, especially iron ore. The arms were originally granted to the municipality of Mo on 29 April 1960.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has six parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Rana. It is part of the Indre Helgeland deanery in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Rana
Parish
(Sokn)
Church Name Location
of the Church
Year Built
Gruben Gruben Church Mo i Rana 1965
Mo Mo Church Mo i Rana 1724
Nevernes Nevernes Church Nevernes 1893
Nord-Rana Selfors Church Selfors 1973
Ytteren Church Ytteren 1977
Røssvoll Røssvoll Church Røssvoll 1953
Sjona Sjona Church Myklebustad 1916

Geography[edit]

Municipality of Rana
The Sjona fjord, western part of Rana municipality.

The municipality is located just south of the Arctic circle, on the southern side of the Saltfjellet mountains with the Svartisen glacier, Norway's second largest glacier. Some of the large mountains in Rana include Bolna and Nasa. Mo is so close to the Arctic Circle that parts of the sun is continuously over the horizon (Midnight sun) from early June to early July, and there is no darkness from mid-May to the beginning of August.[6] The Saltfjellet–Svartisen National Park is partly located in Rana. There are many valleys such as Dunderlandsdal and Grønnfjelldal.

The majority of the population in the municipality lives in Mo i Rana, where the Ranelva (river) meets the Ranfjorden. North of Mo i Rana, the European route E6 highway passes through the suburb of Selfors. In western Rana, the population centers around the Sjona fjord.

Rana and Saltfjellet are famous for their numerous caves due to the limestone rock. There are several nature reserves in the municipality, such as Alterhaug with several warmer-climate plants grow including the elm.[7] Engasjyen, the estuary of the Rana river, has a rich bird life in the spring.[8] Blakkådalen has old growth spruce forests.[9] Fisktjørna, has a largely undisturbed mixed old growth forest with unusually rich plant life due to the extremely lime-rich soil.[10]

Climate[edit]

Nerdal/Rana (1961-90)
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
146
 
−3
−8
 
 
117
 
−2
−7
 
 
112
 
2
−4
 
 
74
 
5
−1
 
 
64
 
12
4
 
 
70
 
16
8
 
 
97
 
18
10
 
 
110
 
16
9
 
 
155
 
11
6
 
 
186
 
6
2
 
 
136
 
1
−4
 
 
163
 
−1
−6
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: met.no/klimastatistikk/eklima

Rana is situated near the innermost part of the long Ranafjord, and the winters can be cold, especially away from the fjord. There is often a lot of snow in winter. Summer days in Rana are among the warmest in North Norway.

Lakes and rivers[edit]

There are many lakes and rivers in the municipality, both in the lowlands and in the mountains.

Lakes Rivers

Transportation[edit]

Rana has an airport, Mo i Rana Airport, Røssvoll in the village of Røssvoll, not far from the town of Mo i Rana. There are several large highways in Rana: European route E06, Norwegian County Road 17, and Norwegian County Road 12. The Illhollia Tunnel is part of the E6 highway. The Nordlandsbanen railway line passes through Rana, with several stations including Mo i Rana Station, Dunderland Station, and Bolna Station.

Media gallery[edit]

Culture[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns—Sister cities[edit]

The sister cities of Rana are:[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Table 2 Population and area in urban settlements. SSB 2009: 2nd largest in Nordland county – 3rd largest in North Norway – after Bodø, by population. 4th largest in Norway, after Porsanger, by area.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Rana – kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  5. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  6. ^ "Mo i Rana". Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  7. ^ "Alterhaug naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  8. ^ "Engasjyen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  9. ^ "Blakkådalen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  10. ^ "Fisktjørna naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  11. ^ "Vennskapsbyer" (in Norwegian). Rana Kommune. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 

External links[edit]