Ranbir Singh Pora
|Ranbir Singh Pura|
|State||Jammu and Kashmir|
|Founded by||Maharaja Ranbir Singh|
|• Type||Provincial Vice President/MLA|
|Elevation||270 m (890 ft)|
|• Secondary||Dogri, Punjabi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Named after Dogra Maharaja Ranbir Singh, Ranbir Singh Pura is located at . It has an average elevation of 270 metres (886 feet above sea level). It is a major Tehsil having 194 villages as per 2011 census.Main languages spoken by the people of this area are Punjabi, Dogri, Hindi and Urdu. It is located at 32.63oN 74.73oE and at an altitude of 333m above the sea level. It is nearly 24.5 km towards south from district headquarter Jammu and about 320 km from state capital Srinagar. It is mainly connected though road with the main city. This area has upto date bus service.
R.S. Pura is approx. 22 km away from Jammu Tawi Railway Station and nearly 15 km away from the airport. The temperature in this region is approx. 6 OC during winter to around 44 OC during summer.
R.S .Pura named after the great Dogra ruler Maharaja Ranbir Singh, successor of Maharaja Gulab Singh, is located on the Indo-Pak border Suchetgarh which is 33 Km away from the district headquarters of Jammu. Before independence, this area was regularly visited by the Jaddi people of Dalowali who used to carry sugarcane to Nawanshehar (R. S. Pura) Sugar Mills. Before 1947 there was a big sugar mill in RS Pura.The city was made by Maharaja Ranbir Singh under the supervision of Diwan Jawala sahai in 1800s .Earlier there was very wild open area,later developed as a model town.It was first planned town in the state with streets,pond,elephant training centre,big temple named Diwana mandir along with big garden. Diwan's office was where now is tehsildar's office is situated.
Prior to 1947 the state was linked with rest of the Country through rail via R.S. Pura only. There existed an old station in the city, which had train services to Sialkot junction, now in Pakistan. The Station was also linked with Wazirabad and Narowal (both in Pakistan). This Station was built in around 1867.Train's station was at RS Pura, Miran Sahib,Vikram Chowk. The train was called Maal Gaadi. The train halted for the last time at this station in 1947 which was loaded with refugees from Pakistan and they settled over there near rail line deriving the name Patri.This rail route in the state became defunct after 1947 but sialkot rail line was further developed and is now used by Pakistan.
The main road linking R.S Pura was once the bus route from Jammu to Sialkot (Pakistan) and this route was so popular that there were several inns built on the route by the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir.
Suchetgarh (Indo-Pak border) is nearly 35 Kms from Jammu City and 10.3 Kms from R.S Pura. This post was set up after first war over Kashmir in 1947-48. Prior to independence there used to be an Octroi post for collection of taxes at Suchatgarh. Now it is used as a Border Security Post. Near the vicinity of this post there lie a Prehistoric and Raghunath temple which have their own importance. Within the temple complex there is an old Sarai which was used as a halting place for travelers.
This area has not only historical importance as quoted above but is a land of warriors and heroes like NaibSubedarBana Singh receipent of Paramveer Chakra who recaptured the Qaid-e-Aazam post from Pakistan intruders and is now being named as Bana Post. The atmosphere of R.S. Pura is filled with courage and patriotism. Most of the boys of this area has utmost zeal to serve their nation by joining army. Number of soliders exhibited their bravery in the Kargil war in 1999 such as Lance Naik Devinder Singh and SepoyJanvir Singh.
The main economic activities of Ranbir Singh Pura are agriculture and dairy farming. Rice (basmati) and wheat are major crops, and beseem[clarification needed] and vegetables are also grown. The Rakh area of Badyal Brahmana and Arnia are very famous for vegetable farming. Ranbir Singh Pura has many[quantify] rice mills for the processing of high-quality Basmati rice.Infact fame of RS PURA now a days is connected with its world famous basmati rice, known for its quality and unique aroma.
The main tourist destination is Gharana Wetland, where migratory birds from temperate zones of Asia come to enjoy the beautiful landscape. Suchetgarh BSF Post is also a tourist attraction and an alternative for Wagah Border and is attracting many tourists now a days.
The main town is self-sufficient, containing department stores, garment showrooms, sweets and confectionery, and a fresh fruit and vegetable open market. Apart from these, healthcare services, a post office, nationalized banks (JKB, SBI, PNB, PSB), and private sector banks like HDFC, ICICI are also present. State Bank of Patiala, another nationalized Bank has opened its branch in 2013.
The major educational institutions of Ranbir Singh Pura are SKUAST-Veterinary College, Govt. Degree College, and Govt. Higher Sec School. The city also possesses many[quantify] centers of primary and secondary education.
At the time of the 2011 India census, Ranbir Singh Pura had a population of 163567. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Ranbir Singh Pura has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 63%. In Ranbir Singh Pura, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Hindu 90.52%, Sikh 5.97%, Muslim 1.70%, 
- Bhagat Chajju Ram Bhagat, was the member of J&K Constituent assembly,1951 and represented Rs Pura constituency in it.He is called GANDHI OF J&K.He was the cabinet minister for approximately 40 years and represented RS PURA constituency four times . He was also elected to the Praja Sabha of Maharaja Hari Singh.
- Naib Subedar Bana Singh P.V.C., who was awarded the Param Vir Chakra, the highest wartime gallantry medal.
- S.Darshan singh azad,Provincial Vice President of JKNC and chairman of judicial committee of Rs pura. He is one of the famous leaders of Jammu and Kashmir.He joined politics in year 1982 after resigning state government civil service.
The town once had a train station on the Jammu-Sialkot Line. Currently, bus services are available for reaching to Jammu City.
- "GOVT. DEGREE COLLEGE R.S. PURA JAMMU". www.gdcrspurajammu.com. Retrieved 2016-01-03.
- "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Ranbirsinghpura, India".
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- General, India Office of the Registrar; Zutshi, J. N. (1 January 1972). "Census of India, 1971: Series 8: Jammu & Kashmir". Manager of Publications – via Google Books.