Rancho del Río Estanislao

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Rancho del Río Estanislao (also called Ranchería Del Rio Estanislao) was a 48,887-acre (197.84 km2) Mexican land grant in present-day Stanislaus County and Calaveras County, California given in 1843 by Governor Manuel Micheltorena to Francisco Rico and José Castro.[1] The grant was located on the north side of the Stanislaus River, which was called Rio Estanislao during the Mexican era, and the grant encompassed present-day Knights Ferry.[2][3]


Francisco Rico and Jose Antonio Castro were granted the eleven square league Rancho Del Rio Estanislao in 1843.[4]

With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored. As required by the Land Act of 1851, a claim for Rancho Del Rio Estanislao was filed with the Public Land Commission in 1853,[5] and the grant was patented to Francisco Rico and José Castro in 1863.[6]

Rico and Castro sold to William Hicks, Abraham Schell, and James C. Stubbins. Abraham Schell, a lawyer, came to Knights Ferry in 1856. He built his home the Abraham Schell House in present-day Knights Ferry, California where it currently stands.[7] He purchased three and a half square leagues of the Rancheria del Rio Estanislao in 1863. Schell and his partner, George H. Krause, started the Red Mountain Winery.[8][9]


  1. ^ Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Numa Hubert, San Francisco
  2. ^ Diseño del Rancho Del Rio Estanislao
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rancheria Del Rio Estanislao
  4. ^ George Henry Tinkham, 1821, History of Stanislaus County California, Historic Record Company, Los Angeles
  5. ^ United States. District Court (California : Northern District) Land Case 413 ND
  6. ^ Report of the Surveyor General 1844 - 1886
  7. ^ Gooch, Kathleen. Site Seeing in Stanislaus: A Tour of Historic Sites in the County, #17 The Abraham Schell House. Modesto: Press and Publications Board McHenry Museum & Historical Society, 2003. Print.
  8. ^ Margaret Gaylord Ruppel, 1993, El Rancheria Rio Estanislaus: A History, Modesto: McHenry Museum Press
  9. ^ George Henry Tinkham,1921, History of Stanislaus County California, Los Angeles, Calif. : Historic Record Company

Coordinates: 37°51′00″N 120°43′12″W / 37.850°N 120.720°W / 37.850; -120.720